Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic

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Poslanecká sněmovna
House of Representatives
logo Palais Thun, meeting building
logo Palais Thun, meeting building
Basic data
Seat: Palais Thun ,
Legislative period : 4 years
MPs: 200
Current legislative period
Last choice: 20./21. October 2017
Chair: Radek Vondráček ( ANO )
Distribution of seats

Distribution of seats: Government (93)
  • ANO 78
  • ČSSD 15
  • Supported by (15)
  • KSČM 15
  • Opposition (92)
  • ODS 23
  • Piráti 22
  • SPD 19th
  • KDU-ČSL 10
  • TOP 09 7
  • STAN 6
  • Others 5
  • Website
    Old logo

    The Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic ( Czech Poslanecká sněmovna Parlamentu České republiky , abbreviated PS PČR ) is the lower house of the Czech Parliament .


    The House of Representatives was created on January 1, 1993 with the 1992 constitution as the lower chamber of parliament with 200 members. It was renamed from the Czech National Council and is in the tradition of the House of Representatives of Czechoslovakia until 1939.

    Until 1996 the House of Representatives was de facto a unicameral parliament , since the establishment of the Senate provided for by the constitution first had to be carried out by the House of Representatives. Debates about the usefulness and the fact that the House of Representatives was indissoluble until the establishment of the Senate delayed this, so that the first elections to the Senate did not take place until 1996.

    In the first few years, the House of Representatives played only a minor role in matters of foreign policy in particular, as the upgrading from regional to national parliament meant that it was not staffed with appropriate experts. The uncertainty associated with the shortened electoral term and the division of the state, as well as the lack of resources, further weakened the work of parliamentarians.


    Parliament's primary role is to control the government and pass laws. The MPs themselves have a legislative right of initiative (not an exclusive one). Laws are first passed by the House of Representatives. The draft law is then submitted to the Senate . If the Senate takes a negative position, it can be overruled by the House of Representatives with an absolute majority of all MPs. The consent of both chambers is only required in particularly important situations. This area includes, in particular, the passing of constitutional laws, the electoral law, the election of the president, the declaration of a state of war or the sending of troops abroad. Parliament's approval is also required for some international treaties. Furthermore, the parliament proclaims the state of war in the event of an enemy attack or if international military alliance obligations have to be fulfilled.

    The House of Representatives is located in three blocks of houses and palaces on Prague's Lesser Town . The main building in which the meetings take place is the Palais Thun , where the Bohemian Parliament already met.


    The House of Representatives, which consists of 200 elected representatives, is currently composed as follows:

    logo Political party Alignment Chairman Seats
      ANO Logo.svg ANO 2011 (ANO) campaign of
    dissatisfied citizens
    populist Andrej Babiš 78
      Logo of ODS (2015) .svg Občanská Demokratieická strana (ODS)
    Democratic Citizens' Party
    liberal conservative Petr Fiala 25th
      Logo Pirátů.svg Česká pirátská strana (Piráti)
    Pirate Party
    Pirate party Ivan Bartoš 22nd
      SPD text logo.svg Svoboda a přímá demokracie - Tomio Okamura (SPD)
    Freedom and direct democracy
    right-wing populist / right-wing extremist Tomio Okamura 22nd
      KSCM Teillogo.svg Komunistická strana Čech a Moravy (KSČM)
    Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia
    Communist Vojtěch Filip 15th
      CSSD Teillogo.svg Česká strana sociálně democická (ČSSD)
    Social Democratic Party
    social democratic Jan Hamáček 15th
      KDU-CSL Logo 2012.svg Křesťanská a democická unie - Československá strana lidová (KDU-ČSL)
    Christian and Democratic Union - Czechoslovak People's Party
    Christian Democratic Pavel Bělobrádek 10
      TOP 09 logo.svg TOP 09
    Tradition, responsibility, prosperity
    liberal conservative Jiří Pospíšil 7th
      STANlogoNoveWiki.png Starostové a nezávislí (STAN)
    mayors and independents
    liberal conservative Petr Gazdík 6th
    total 200

    A multi-party system has been established in the Czech Republic . Until 2010, the liberal-conservative Občanská Demokratieická strana (ODS) and the social democratic Česká strana sociálně Demokratieická (ČSSD) had a dominant position. A peculiarity of the Czech party spectrum compared to other East Central European countries is the existence of a strong communist party , the KSČM . Unlike in other former satellite states of the Soviet Union , this was not transformed into a social democratic party or replaced by one, but continues to exist alongside the Czech Social Democratic Party as a parliamentary party. The reason is the "purges" after the Prague Spring , through which progressive and reform-oriented forces were removed from the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia . Since the KSČM is considered incapable of forming a coalition, but at the same time consistently held between 22 and 41 seats in the House of Representatives, this led to a divided opposition between communists and social democrats, which was unable to provide a clear alternative to the conservative-liberal camp. This situation also led to constant wing fighting within the ČSSD and to a sometimes aggressive political style of this party. This situation is exacerbated by the often very tight majority ratios between the left and the right spectrum of parties, which is one of the reasons for the frequent instability of the Czech governments. One consequence of this situation was the so-called opposition agreement between ODS and ČSSD from 1998 to 2002. Another party that has been established since the beginning is the Christian-Democratic People's Party KDU-ČSL , which, however, now has the status of a small party.

    In the 2010 parliamentary elections , the conservative newly founded TOP 09 was able to reach over 16 percent straight away, but lost strength in the subsequent elections. The rise of the ANO protest party began with the 2013 elections , and the right-wing populist Úsvit party also moved in . In 2017, ANO won the elections by a large margin. The pirates , the mayor Party STAN and Úsvit elimination SPD attracted first time in the Chamber of Deputies. The result is a political spectrum that is split up into new parliamentary parties, which includes eight parties between 12 and 5 percent in addition to the dominant ANO.


    The House of Representatives is elected in a proportional representation procedure. The political parties draw up lists of candidates in the constituencies (which correspond to the areas of the 14 regions ). There is a 5% threshold . The votes are converted into mandates using the D'Hondt procedure . The voter can give two candidates a preferential vote. The minimum age of the candidates is 21 years. The legislative period is 4 years.

    The last parliamentary elections took place on October 20 and 21, 2017 .

    Distribution of seats after the 2013 election
    33 50 14th 47 14th 26th 16 
    A total of 200 seats
    Election results of the elections to the House of Representatives
    Surname May 31/1. June 1996 19./20. June 1998 14./15. June 2002 2nd / 3rd June 2006 28/29 May 2010 25./26. October 2013 20./21. October 2017
    ČSSD 26.44% 32.31% 30.20% 32.32% 22.09% 20.45% 7.27%
    ODS 29.62% 27.74% 24.47% 35.38% 20.22% 7.72% 11.32%
    TOP 09 - - - - 16.71% 11.99% 1) 5.31%
    KSČM 10.33% 11.03% 18.51% 12.81% 11.27% 14.91% 7.76%
    Věci veřejné - - - - 10.88% - -
    KDU-ČSL 8.08% 9.00% 14.27% 2) 7.22% 4.88% 6.78% 5.80%
    SZ - 1.12% 2.36% 6.29% 2.44% 3.19% 1.46%
    ANO 2011 - - - - - 18.65% 29.64%
    Úsvit - - - - - 6.88% -
    SPD - - - - - - 10.64%
    STAN - - - - - - 1) 5.18%
    Pirates - - - - 0.80% 2.66% 10.79%
    Others 25.53% 18.80% 10.19% 5.98% 11.20% 6.64% 4.83%
    voter turnout 76.41% 74.03% 58.00% 64.47% 62.55% 59.48% 60.84%
    1) TOP 09 ran for the 2013 parliamentary elections in a coalition with STAN .
    2) The KDU-ČSL ran for the parliamentary elections in 2002 in a coalition with the US-DEU .

    Chairwoman of the House of Representatives


    • Petr Kolář, Petr Valenta: The Parliament of the Czech Republic - the House of Representatives . Prague: For the Chancellery of the House of Representatives of the Parliament of the Czech Republic edited by Ivan Král 2009. ISBN 978-80-87324-02-8 .

    See also

    Web links

    Commons : Poslanecká sněmovna Parlamentu ČR  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files
    Commons : Parliamentary Elections in the Czech Republic 2010  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

    Individual evidence

    1. Hudalla, Anneke: Foreign Policy in Times of Transformation. The European Policy of the Czech Republic 1993–2000, Münster 2003, p. 51.
    2. Hudalla, Anneke: Foreign Policy in Times of Transformation. The European Policy of the Czech Republic 1993–2000, Münster 2003, pp. 51–52.
    3. Cf. Hudalla, Anneke: Foreign Policy in Times of Transformation. The European Policy of the Czech Republic 1993–2000, Münster 2003, p. 61.
    4. News - 22-04-2010 18:05 - Radio Prague . April 22, 2010. Archived from the original on July 1, 2010. Retrieved on August 18, 2010.