Parliament of the Republic of Moldova

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Parliament of the Republic of Moldova
Parliamentul Republicii Moldova
coat of arms Parliament building
logo building
Basic data
Seat: Chișinău
Legislative period : 4 years
MPs: 101
Current legislative period
Last choice: February 24, 2019
Chair: Zinaida Greceanîi ( PSRM )
37 13 14th 26th 
Distribution of seats:
  • PSRM 37
  • PDM 13
  • PAS 26
  •  9
  • Pro Moldova 14
  • Non-attached 2
  • Website
    Parliament building
    Zinaida Greceanîi, President of Parliament since 2019

    The Parliament of the Republic of Moldova ( Romanian Parlamentul Republicii Moldova ) is the legislative assembly of the Republic of Moldova (Moldova), which has been independent since 1991 . The unicameral system applies .

    Electoral process

    The Moldovan Parliament has 101 members who are elected every four years by the electorate. Both party lists and individual candidates can compete. Election alliances from several parties have not been permitted for several years. Any list that overcomes the threshold of 5% of the total number of votes ( 6% up to the elections in April 2009 ) is entitled to mandates in parliament . The seats are then allocated according to the D'Hondt procedure .

    Competences of Parliament

    One of the first tasks of parliament after a poll is the election of the president. This must be elected with a three-fifths majority of the MPs (currently at least 61 votes). The president proposes a candidate for the post of head of government. This and the ministers appointed by him must be confirmed by parliament. If none of the candidates can achieve the necessary majority for the office of president, the incumbent president is obliged to dissolve parliament and to call new elections. Legislative proposals can be introduced to parliament by MPs or the government.


    The parliament last elected on February 24, 2019 is currently composed (as of June 2, 2020) as follows:

    Parliamentary Group Party leader The leader of the faction Number of MPs
    Party of Socialists of Moldova Zinaida Greceanîi Vlad Batrîncea 37
    Party of Action and Solidarity Maia Sandu Maia Sandu 26th
    Moldovan Democratic Party Vladimir Plahotniuc Pavel Filip 13
    Pro Moldova Andrian Candu Andrian Candu 14th
    Șor party Ilan Shor Ilan Shor 9
    Non-party - - 2

    Presidents of Parliament

    Surname Term of office
    1 Alexandru Moșanu September 4, 1990 to February 2, 1993
    2 Petru Lucinschi February 4, 1993 to January 9, 1997
    3 Dumitru Moțpan March 5, 1997 to April 23, 1998
    4th Dumitru Diacov April 23, 1998 to March 20, 2001
    5 Eugenia Ostapciuk March 20, 2001 to March 24, 2005
    6th Marian Lupu March 24, 2005 to May 5, 2009
    7th Vladimir Voronin May 12th to August 28th, 2009
    8th Mihai Ghimpu August 28, 2009 to December 29, 2010
    9 Marian Lupu December 30, 2010 to April 25, 2013
    - Liliana Palihovici April 25, 2013 to May 30, 2013 (provisional)
    10 Igor Corman May 30, 2013 to January 23, 2015
    11 Andrian Candu January 23, 2015 to February 24, 2019
    12 Zinaida Greceanîi since June 8, 2019

    On June 8, 2019, the parliament elected Zinaida Greceanîi as its new president. The Constitutional Court declared the election null and void in the wake of a brief state crisis. For a short time there were two governments. But after only a week the situation was resolved. Ilan Shor and Vladimir Plahotniuc went into exile and Zinaida Greceanîi remained the only recognized speaker of parliament.

    Current development

    From exile, Shor and Plahotniuc bought fractions that were strengthened by money. The faction of Shor's party has grown and Plahotniuc created the "Pro Moldova" faction through his godson Andrian Candu. In June 2020, the governing coalition of democrats and socialists lost their majority.

    Web links

    Individual evidence

    1. Alegerile parlamentare din 2019 în Republica Moldova ( result of the parliamentary elections in the Republic of Moldova 2019 ) , (last updated on February 28, 2020) (Moldovan).
    2. a b Vladimir Socor: Plutocratic Opposition Surging in Moldova (Part One) , May 20, 2020.
    3. a b Constitutional Court of Moldova declares Speaker Greceanii's election to be illegal , June 8, 2019.
    4. Kamil Całus: End of the dual government in Moldova , June 17, 2019.
    5. Vladimir Socor: Moldova's Regime Change: End of an Era, Uncertain New Start (Part One) , June 21, 2019.
    6. Vladimir Socor: Moldova's Regime Change: End of an Era, Uncertain New Start (Part Two) , June 26, 2019.
    7. Vladimir Socor: Plutocratic Opposition Surging in Moldova (Part Two) , May 21, 2020.
    8. Vladimir Socor: Sales and Purchases in Moldova's Parliamentary Marketplace , June 25, 2020.