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Basic data
Seat: Toompea loss , Tallinn
Legislative period : 4 years
MPs: 101
Current legislative period
Last choice: 3rd March 2019
Chair: President of Parliament
Henn Põlluaas ( EKRE )
Distribution of seats: government
  • K 25
  • EKRE 19
  • I 12
  • opposition
  • RE 34
  • SDE 10
  • Independent 1
  • Website
    Toompea loss, seat of the Riigikogu

    The Riigikogu (directly translated: State Assembly or State Council) is the parliament of Estonia . There is a unicameral system in Estonia .


    The Riigikogu meets in the Estonian capital Tallinn . According to the Estonian constitution , the Riigikogu has 101 members who are each elected for four years. Estonian citizens who are 18 on election day and who are not in custody for a judicial conviction are entitled to vote . Estonian citizens who have reached the age of 21 on the last day on which the candidacy is drawn up at the latest can apply.

    The five percent hurdle applies . In the election, however, one does not choose parties, but people who are numbered in the list of candidates under the name of the party. Those who have been given a direct mandate, i.e. H. At least 1/101 of the valid votes move into the Riigikogu without considering the five percent hurdle. If none of the candidates of a party receives 1/101 of the votes cast, but the party itself altogether five percent or more, then as many members of the party come into the Riigikogu proportionally as they have won seats in percent of the votes cast. Those candidates from this party who have received the most votes then move in.

    If a member of the Riigikogu joins government or other office, he or she has to temporarily resign from his seat and the candidate with the next highest number of votes within the party will take his place.


    The last parliament elected on March 3, 2019 is currently composed as follows:

    fraction Alignment Group chair Seats
    Eesti Reformierakond (RE)
    Estonian Reform Party
    classically liberal Kaja Kallas 34
    Eesti Keskerakond (K)
    Estonian Center Party
    left-liberal Kersti Sarapuu 25th
    Eesti Konservatiivne Rahvaerakond (EKRE)
    Estonian People's Conservative Party
    right-wing populist Siim Pohlak 19th
    Isamaa (I)
    conservative Priit Sibul 12
    Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Erakond (SDE)
    Social Democratic Party
    social democratic Indrek Saar 10
    More independent - - 1
    total 101

    Other parties did not make it over the five percent hurdle. On April 5, 2019, the Center MP Raimond Kaljulaid resigned from his party and announced that he would be an independent member of parliament. He justified this with the decision of his party to strive for a coalition with the EKRE.

    President of Parliament since 1992

    Surname Term of office
    1 Ülo Nugis October 21, 1992 to March 21, 1995
    2 Toomas Savi March 21, 1995 to March 31, 2003
    3 An ergma March 31, 2003 to March 23, 2006
    4th Toomas Varek March 23, 2006 to April 2, 2007
    5 An ergma April 2, 2007 to March 20, 2014
    6th Eiki Nestor March 20, 2014 to April 4, 2019
    7th Henn Põlluaas since April 4, 2019

    Web links

    Individual evidence

    1. ^ Raimond Kaljulaid quits Center Party. ERR , April 5, 2019, accessed April 14, 2019. (English)

    Coordinates: 59 ° 26 ′ 8.1 ″  N , 24 ° 44 ′ 17.6 ″  E