Senate of the Republic of Poland

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Senate Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej
Senate of the Republic of Poland
emblem Senate building
logo Senate building
Basic data
Seat: Warsaw
Legislative period : 4 years
First session: 1493
MPs: 100 senators
Current legislative period
Last choice: October 13, 2019
Next choice: probably 2023
Chair: Senate Marshal Tomasz Grodzki ( PO )
Distribution of seats: Government (49)

Opposition (51)


The Senate of the Republic of Poland ( Polish Senate Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej ) is the second chamber of the Polish parliament in addition to the first chamber, the Sejm .


The history of the Senate can be traced back to the council of royal advisors in 15-16 Century can be traced back.

After the First World War, the parliamentary structure with the Sejm and Senate was continued in the restored Polish state . Unlike before the partitions of Poland , the senators were directly elected. From 1935 a third of the senators were appointed by the state president. Parliament's activities ended with the German occupation of Poland in 1939.

In 1946 a unicameral parliament was created and this decision was confirmed in a fake referendum . In 1989 , after the round table discussions , they returned to the bicameral parliament.

Traditionally, the Senate takes special care of the Polish communities outside Poland, the Polonia .


The Senate has an advisory role in legislation . Bills from the Sejm can be rejected by the Senate before they are forwarded to the President , whereby appropriate corrections can be proposed. The decision then lies with the Sejm, as the Senate's right of veto no longer applies if the draft is passed through again.

Electoral system

Elections to the Senate take place every four years, always at the same time as the election to the Sejm , most recently on October 13, 2019 .

100 senators are elected by direct election, one per constituency. The minimum age for senators is 30 years.

According to Article 100 of the Polish Constitution of 1997, political parties or persons entitled to vote are allowed to run a candidate for the office of senator if at least 2,000 support signatures have been collected in the constituency to be run. It is not allowed to run for the Sejm and the Senate at the same time.

As in the Sejm, parliamentary groups are also formed in the Senate according to party affiliation.

Senate Marshal

Senate meeting room

The Senate Marshal (President of the Senate, Polish Marszałek Senatu ) chairs the meetings of the Senate.

Senate marshals since 1989

Electoral term Duration Marshal Political party
1. 1989-1991 Andrzej Stelmachowski OKP
2. 1991-1993 August Chełkowski Solidarność
3. 1993-1997 Adam Struzik PSL
4th 1997-2001 Alicja Grześkowiak AWS
5. 2001-2005 Longin Pastusiak SLD
6th 2005-2007 Bogdan Borusewicz Independently
7th 2007-2011 Bogdan Borusewicz PO
8th. 2011-2015 Bogdan Borusewicz PO
9. 2015-2019 Stanislaw Karczewski PiS
10. 2019– Tomasz Grodzki PO

Web links

Commons : Polish Senate  album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Constitution of the Republic of Poland , on, accessed on June 12, 2015