Chamber of Deputies (Romania)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Chamber of Deputies
Camera Deputailor
coat of arms Parliament Palace
logo Parliament Palace
Basic data
Seat: Bucharest
Legislative period : 4 years
First session: 1866
MPs: 329
Current legislative period
Last choice: December 11, 2016
Chair: Marcel Ciolacu ( PSD )
Distribution of seats in 2019
Distribution of seats: Government (78)
  • PNL 78
  • Support (98)
  • USR 27
  • UDMR 21
  • National minorities 17
  • PMP 13
  • Others 15
  • Independent 5
  • Opposition (153)
  • PSD 129
  • PRO 23
  • Independent 1
  • Website

    The Chamber of Deputies ( Romanian Camera Deputaţilor ) was the Constitution of 1991 as a lower chamber (lower house) of the Romanian Parliament created. It has its seat in the Parliament Palace .

    Parliament's primary task is to monitor the government and pass laws. The MPs themselves have a legislative right of initiative . Laws are first passed by the Chamber of Deputies. The draft law is then submitted to the Senate . The House of Representatives currently has 329 members. Parties that represent national minorities have the right to a seat, regardless of the number of votes.


    The House of Representatives is elected using a combined proportional and direct election procedure. The political parties draw up lists of candidates in the constituencies. The legislative period is four years.


    In the elections on November 28, 2004 , the following parties won seats:

    Political party Seats
    Partidul Social Democrat 121
    Partidul Național Liberal 64
    Partidul Democrat 48
    Partidul România Mare 48
    Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 22nd
    Partidul Conservator 11
    National minorities 18th


    Distribution of seats in the Chamber of Deputies after the 2008 elections

    In the elections on November 30, 2008 the distribution of seats was as follows:

    Political party Seats
    Partidul Democrat Liberal 115
    Partidul Social Democrat and Partidul Conservator 114
    Partidul Național Liberal 65
    Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 22nd
    National minorities 18th

    The Chamber of Deputies was chaired by Roberta Alma Anastase from the Partidul Democrat Liberal on December 19, 2008 . After several party changes, the following distribution of seats resulted at the end of 2010: PD-L - 124, PSD-PC - 95, PNL - 53, UDMR - 22, national minorities - 18, independents - 15, non-affiliated groups - 6.


    The Romanian Parliament was in the LIV after the December 9, 2012 election . Legislative period and was composed as follows:

    Composition since June 2015
    Party or alliance Alignment Party presidency Group chair Seats
    Social Democratic Party (PSD)
    Partidul Social Democrat
    social democratic Liviu Dragnea Marian Neacşu 145
    National Liberal Party (PNL)
    Partidul Național Liberal
    liberal , Christian democratic Alina Gorghiu Ludovic Orban 113
    National Union for the Progress of Romania (UNPR)
    Uniunea Națională pentru Progresul României
    social democratic , progressive Gabriel Oprea Marian Neacșu (PSD Group) 38
    Alliance of Liberals and Democrats (ALDE)
    Alianța Liberalilor și Democraților
    middle right Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu and Daniel Constantin 26th
    Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR)
    Uniunea Democrată Maghiară din România
    Romániai Magyar Demokrata Szövetség
    regionalist , liberal - conservative Hunor Kelemen Márton Árpád 22nd
    National minorities
    Partidele minorităților etnice
    Independent 20th
    vacant 25th
    total 412


    In the elections on December 11, 2016 the distribution of seats was as follows:

    Political party Seats
    Partidul Social Democrat 154
    Partidul Național Liberal 69
    Uniunea Salvați România 30th
    Uniunea Democrată a Maghiarilor din România 21st
    Alianța Liberalilor și Democraților 20th
    Partidul Mişcarea Populară 18th
    Others 17th


    In the interwar period from 1919 to 1940 there was already a bicameral parliament in Greater Romania , the lower house of which was known as the Chamber of Deputies . In 1940 the parliament was dissolved. During the Soviet occupation from 1948 to 1989 there was a unicameral parliament, the Grand National Assembly , which was never freely elected.

    See also

    Individual evidence

    1. Camera Deputaţilor
    2. ^ Page of the Chamber of Deputies of the Romanian Parliament

    Web links