Consell General de les Valls
|Seat:||Casa de la Vall in Andorra la Vella|
|Legislative period :||4 years|
|Current legislative period|
|Last choice:||April 7, 2019|
|Distribution of seats:||according to factions:
The Council has 28 members who are elected for a four-year term. 14 of them are elected by proportional representation for the whole of Andorra, 14 are determined in the 7 parròqies (municipalities). Until 1997, each municipality sent 4 delegates. Since the number of eligible voters in the individual municipalities fluctuates between 350 and 2,500, this led to a strong overrepresentation of small municipalities. To compensate for this, list connections were introduced. The President of Parliament is the Síndic , the Vice-President is the Subsíndic .
With the consent of the co-princes , the General Council appoints the head of government, the chairman of the government of Andorra (Cap de Govern). The latter appoints the seven other government ministers. The current head of government is Antoni Martí Petit .
Composition from 2019
The last election took place on April 7, 2019. The DPA lost four seats and thus its absolute majority.
Composition 2015 to 2019
The elections took place on March 1, 2015. The Demòcrates per Andorra just managed to keep their majority with 15 out of 28 seats.
Composition 2011 to 2015
The 2011 parliamentary elections were won by the newly formed opposition party Demòcrates per Andorra (DPA). Early parliamentary elections were held in Andorra on April 3, 2011. These early elections had become necessary after the Social Democratic Prime Minister Jaume Bartumeu Cassany failed to find a majority for his budget and the introduction of an income tax in parliament. In the election, the Democrats for Andorra under Antoni Martí received 55% of the vote and 23 of 28 seats. The turnout was over 74%. Of the 85,015 residents of Andorra, around 22,000 are Andorran citizens. 16,200 votes were cast.
Composition 2009 to 2011
The 2009 parliamentary elections were won by the previous opposition party, Partit Socialdemòcrata . Parliamentary elections were held in Andorra on April 26, 2009. The Coalició Reformista (CR), the new conservative coalition made up of the PLA and CDA-S21, only got 32.3% of the votes and thus lost around 20% of the votes. The Partit Socialdemòcrata (PSD), on the other hand, received 45% and thus won half of the mandates. The Andorra pel Canvi (ApC), a successor party to the social liberal Renovació Democràtica (RD), won 3 seats in parliament with 18.9% of the vote. With 3.2%, the Greens missed out on the General Council for the second time since 2005. The turnout was over 75%.
Composition 2005 to 2009
In the penultimate parliamentary elections in April 2005, the Partit Liberal d'Andorra (PLA - Liberal Party Andorra) won 14 seats, the largest opposition party, the Partit Socialdemòcrata (PS - Social Democratic Party) eleven. The remaining three seats are divided between the Center Demòcrata Andorra (CDA - Democratic Center Andorra, the former PD - Democratic Party) and the Renovació Democràtica (RD - Democratic Renewal). Political parties are also relatively new in Andorra. The first was founded in 1976; they have only been legally recognized since 1992.
The liberal party was able to win its third election in a row since 1994. The leader of the opposition was the social democrat Jaume Bartumeu Cassany .
The first parliament in Andorra existed since 1419. The Consell de la Terra was elected by the population and certain Síndics , who took over the administration of the principality. Over the centuries, it became the de facto power bastion of some families, which eventually led to continued popular resistance over the course of the 19th century. In 1866 the parliament reformed.
Behind the reforms stood Guillem de Areny y de Plandolit and they resulted in:
- The Consell de la Terra was dissolved, in its place came the Consell General de las Valls with a Síndic and Subsíndic.
- All heads of families were entitled to vote.
- The elections took place regularly: 12 of the then 24 members from six municipalities were elected alternately every two years.
Another constitutional crisis followed in the 1930s. Among other things, the council began to regularly designate Andorra as a republic , which met with little approval from the co-princes. On her decision, the whole assembly dissolved in 1933. The whole parliament was re-elected in special elections. On this occasion, the active right to vote was extended to all men over 25, the passive to all men over 30.
In 1970 the principality introduced active women's suffrage for women over 25. In 1971 the right to vote for women and men over the age of 21 was introduced, and the passive voting age for men was reduced to 25 years. From 1973 women also had the right to stand as a candidate.
With Escaldes-Engordany, a seventh municipality has existed since 1978 , bringing the number of MPs to 28. The government council has existed since 1982.
- ANDORRA (Consell general), Full text . In: Interparliamentary Union IPU PARLINE database . Retrieved January 19, 2016.
- El Consell General en la història - Consell General Principat d'Andorra . Retrieved January 22, 2017.
- Andorra . In: places-of-power.org, National Parliament Buildings Worldwide . Retrieved January 19, 2016.