Saskatchewan River

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Saskatchewan River
Riviere Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan River Bridge.jpg
location Saskatchewan , Manitoba (Canada)
River system Nelson River
Drain over Nelson River  → Hudson Bay
origin The confluence of the South Saskatchewan and North Saskatchewan Rivers east of Prince Albert
53 ° 14 ′ 6 ″  N , 105 ° 4 ′ 58 ″  W
Source height 380  m
muzzle in the Winnipegsee near Grand Rapids Coordinates: 53 ° 11 '6 "  N , 99 ° 15' 22"  W 53 ° 11 '6 "  N , 99 ° 15' 22"  W
Mouth height 218  m
Height difference 162 m
Bottom slope 0.3 ‰
length 547 km
Catchment area 335,900 km²
Discharge at the gauge below Tobin Lake
A Eo : 289,000 km²
MQ 1962/2000
Mq 1962/2000
443 m³ / s
1.5 l / (s km²)
Discharge at the Grand Rapids
A Eo gauge : 364,000 km²
MQ 1912/2000
Mq 1912/2000
595 m³ / s
1.6 l / (s km²)
Left tributaries Torch River , Mossy River , Grassberry River , Sturgeon-weir River
Right tributaries Carrot River , Pasquia River
Flowing lakes Cedar Lake
Reservoirs flowed through Codette Lake , Tobin Lake
Small towns The pas
Communities Nipawin , Cumberland House , Grand Rapids
Saskatchewan River basin

Saskatchewan River basin

The Saskatchewan River (French: Rivière Saskatchewan ) is a 547 km long stream in Canada , which flows roughly in an easterly direction through the provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba and finally flows into Lake Winnipeg in the south of Manitoba .


The Saskatchewan River is created in the heart of the province of the same name about 40 km east of the city of Prince Albert through the union of the two rivers North Saskatchewan River and South Saskatchewan River , which in turn are fed by the glaciers of the Rocky Mountains in the province of Alberta . The north and south arms in turn have various important tributaries (including the Bow River ), so that the total length of the Saskatchewan river system is about 1939 km, if you consider the distance from the mouth to the farthest source considered. Accordingly, it drains a huge catchment area that encompasses large parts of the central Canadian prairie provinces and extends into the US state of Montana . In the east of Saskatchewan to its mouth, the Saskatchewan River forms the so-called Saskatchewan River Delta , an alluvial river delta in which it forms a multitude of channels and oxbow lakes and which is characterized by wetlands and numerous lakes. The tributaries of the Torch River , Mossy River , Grassberry River , Sturgeon-weir River , Carrot River and Pasquia River flow into the Saskatchewan River here.

Hydropower plants

The Nipawin hydropower dams the Saskatchewan River to Codette Lake . It was completed in 1985–86 and has three 85 MW turbines. It is operated by SaskPower .

The EB Campbell hydropower station, built in 1963–1966, dammed the river to Tobin Lake . It is also operated by SaskPower and has 8 turbines with a total output of 288 MW.

The Grand Rapids hydropower plant is located at the confluence of the Saskatchewan River with Lake Winnipeg. It was built in 1960–1968. Four turbines use a maximum drop height of 36.6 m from and together provide 479 MW. The power plant is operated by Manitoba Hydro . It was renewed between 1995 and 2000. The damming of the river also raised the water level of Cedar Lake by 3.5 meters.

Trade route

For a long time the river was an important trade route. In addition to the First Nations , the fur traders of the North West Company and the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) also used the river. Between the 1820s and the 1840s, the York Factory Express , a long-distance trade route of the HBC between the York Factory on Hudson Bay and Fort Vancouver in the Columbia District , followed the river.

Web links

Commons : Saskatchewan River  - collection of images, videos, and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Saskatchewan River at the gauge below Tobin Lake - hydrographic data from R-ArcticNET
  2. Saskatchewan River at the Grand Rapids gauge - hydrographic data from R-ArcticNET
  3. ^ Natural Resources Canada
  4. a b Hydroelectric Plants in Saskatchewan ( Memento of the original from July 18, 2009) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  5. Manitoba Hydro - Grand Rapids Generating Station