Carl Czerny

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Carl Czerny, lithograph by Joseph Kriehuber , 1833

Carl Czerny (born February 21, 1791 in Vienna ; † July 15, 1857 there ) was an Austrian composer , pianist and piano teacher .


Carl Czerny was first taught by his father, a recognized piano virtuoso, and was already a brilliant pianist at the age of ten, which is why he became a student of Ludwig van Beethoven ; at the first Viennese performance of Beethoven's 5th Piano Concerto on February 11, 1812, he played the solo part. He studied with Muzio Clementi and Johann Nepomuk Hummel and Antonio Salieri , but performed relatively rarely in concerts.

Czerny was a teacher of Franz Liszt , Sigismund Thalberg and Theodor Leschetizky . He wrote over 1,000 compositions; some of his etude collections, such as the " School of Fluency " (Op. 299) and the "Art of Finger Dexterity" (Op. 740), are still used in lessons today. He was one of the first composers to use the term Etude as a title. His extensive piano school, Op. 500 (“Complete theoretical-practical pianoforte school, progressing from the first beginning to the highest level”). Czerny is counted among the most important members of Viennese musical life of his time. Liszt later dedicated his 12 Études d'exécution transcendante to him .

Honorary grave at the Vienna Central Cemetery

Through Czerny's etude collections, his other works, including numerous symphonies and piano concertos , church music and chamber music , fell into oblivion for a long time and only received greater attention again at the end of the 20th century. His compositional style is based on the Viennese classic , but also occasionally reveals influences of romantic music . Czerny died a wealthy man. His grave of honor is located in the Vienna Central Cemetery (Group 0, Row 1, Number 49).

Czerny was also active as a music theorist, wrote a systematic guide to fantasizing on the pianoforte Op. 200 , was one of the first editors of a Bach Complete Edition (but quickly replaced as such due to questionable editing practice) and translated four extensive composition treatises by Anton Reicha : Die Compositionlehre (4 volumes 1832) and The Art of Dramatic Composition (1839). His edition of JS Bach's Well-Tempered Clavier has been reprinted many times.

In 1907, in Vienna (20th district Brigittenau ), Karl-Czerny-Gasse was named after him. In Heidelberg , however, the Czerny Bridge and the Czernyring at the main train station are named after the Heidelberg surgeon and cancer researcher Vincenz Czerny .


Web links

Commons : Carl Czerny  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files

Notes and acoustics