Jan Václav Voříšek
Jan Václav Voříšek ( Jan Hugo Worzischek ; born May 11, 1791 in Vamberk (Eastern Bohemia), † November 19, 1825 in Vienna ) was a Czech composer , pianist and organist .
Through his father, who was a teacher, choir director and organist, Jan Voříšek came into contact with music at an early age and received piano lessons from childhood. According to his own account, he wrote his first compositions when he was ten. In 1809 he composed his first major work, a Requiem (lost). From 1810 to 1813 he studied at the University of Prague . In 1804 (possibly until 1805) he was briefly a student of Václav Jan Tomášek .
At the age of 22 Voříšek moved to Vienna, where he studied law and took piano lessons with Johann Nepomuk Hummel in the years 1813-1816. He was so successful that Hummel gave him all of his students when he left for Stuttgart. In Vienna Voříšek worked diligently in various amateur societies, which were an indispensable phenomenon of Viennese musical life at the time. (They met in the house of Prof. Zizius, in the salon of the well-known family of lawyers and musicians, the Sonnleithner family, in the house of Councilor Raphael Kiesewetter for the first historical concerts, etc.). In the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde Voříšek worked first (1815) as a répétiteur, later (1818) as the second and finally as the first conductor. Of course, like all members of society, he did all these activities free of charge. At the beginning of his stay in Vienna he got to know Beethoven, who during a conversation with Tomášek in Vienna in 1814 expressed his praise about Voříšek's op. 1 (Rapsodies pour le Pianoforte). Voříšek's circle of friends was very different from Schubert's and there is no evidence of closer contacts between these two artists.
In 1821 he finished his studies and briefly (and as usual for one year free of charge) accepted an official post in the Court War Council; In 1822 he was finally appointed to the Vienna court organist.
On November 19, 1825, he died of paralysis. He was buried on November 21, 1825 in the Währinger Allgemeine Friedhof ( Währinger Park since 1923 ).
- op. 1, Twelve Rhapsodies for Piano
- op. 2, Rondo for violoncello and piano
- op. 3, Le Désir for piano
- op. 4, Le Plaisir for piano
- op. 5, Sonata in G major for violin and piano
- op. 6, Variations brilliant in C major on the French song “La sentinelle” for piano and orchestra
- op. 7, Six Impromptus for piano
- op. 8, Rondo for violin and piano
- op. 9, variations for violoncello and piano
- op. 10, Three Songs ( The Tears of Farewell , Entry into Adolescence , The Poor Rose ) for voice and piano
- op. 11, Rondo for string quartet
- op. 12, Fantaisie for piano
- op. 13, God in Spring for soprano, alto, tenor and bass
- op. 14, Variations de bravour for piano and orchestra
- op. 15, love for voice and piano
- op. 16, Grande Ouverture in C minor for two pianos
- op. 17, Rondeau espagnol in D minor for piano and orchestra
- op. 18, Rondeau brilliant for piano and orchestra
- op. 19, Variations in B flat major for piano
- op. 20, Sonata quasi una fantasia in B minor for piano
- op. 21, Three songs ( An Sie , Der Frühlingsregen , Das Taubchen ) for voice and piano
- op. 22, triple rondo for violin, piano and violoncello with an obligatory accompaniment by the orchestra
- op.23, Symphony in D major (1821)
- op. 24, Missa solemnis in B flat major
Church music works have been handed down by hand.
- Christian Fastl: Voříšek, Jan Václav. In: Oesterreichisches Musiklexikon . Online edition, Vienna 2002 ff., ISBN 3-7001-3077-5 ; Print edition: Volume 5, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 2006, ISBN 3-7001-3067-8 .
- Constantin von Wurzbach : Worzischek, Johann Hugo . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 58th part. Kaiserlich-Königliche Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Vienna 1889, pp. 124–129 ( digitized version ).
- Olga Zuckerová: Voříšek, Jan Hugo. In: Ludwig Finscher (Hrsg.): The music in past and present . Second edition, personal section, volume 17 (Vina - Zykan). Bärenreiter / Metzler, Kassel et al. 2007, ISBN 978-3-7618-1137-5 ( online edition , subscription required for full access)
- Works by and about Jan Václav Voříšek in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Jan Václav Voříšek in the German Digital Library
- Literature and other media by and about Jan Václav Voříšek in the catalog of the National Library of the Czech Republic
- Sheet music and audio files by Jan Václav Voříšek in the International Music Score Library Project
- Kenneth DeLong: Voříšek, Jan Václav. In: Grove Music Online (English; subscription required).
|SURNAME||Voříšek, Jan Václav|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Worzischek, Jan Hugo|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Czech composer, pianist and organist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 11, 1791|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Vamberk|
|DATE OF DEATH||November 19, 1825|
|Place of death||Vienna|