Godefroy Engelmann

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Godefroy Engelmann

Godefroy Engelmann (or Gottfried Engelmann * 17th August 1788 in Mulhouse , † 25. April 1839 ibid ) was a French lithographer .


Godefroy Engelmann was the son of a Mülhausen wholesaler, and two mayors of this city came from his family. He was trained in French-speaking Switzerland , in La Rochelle , Bordeaux and Paris and perfected his knowledge of the art of lithography in Munich in 1813/14 with Ferdinand Piloty , Johann Nepomuk Strixner and Johann Baptist Stuntz , before he returned to his homeland with a lithographic equipment.

In 1816 Engelmann, who had been married to the daughter of a calico manufacturer from Mulhouse since 1809, set up a lithographic establishment in Paris at 18 rue Casette after the Société d'Encouragement had praised some of the sheets he had sent in in 1815. Encouraged by Pierre Antoine Mongin , he mainly produced artist lithographs based on the works of Horace Vernet , Evariste Fragonard and many others.

Engelmann patented his chromolithography process in 1837 , which made it possible to print high-resolution and detailed colorful illustrations and posters. Compared to the already existing color lithography process, it was distinguished by the fact that it analytically divided the image into the basic colors and thus theoretically could print with only four plates. Nevertheless, color lithographs with up to 21 plates were also printed later. The process was used by numerous publishers until the 1930s.

To the printed by Engelmann book illustrations include 100 images in Picturesque Voyage in Brazil by Johann Moritz Rugendas .

In 1848 Godefroy Engelmann was elected an honorary member ( Honorary NA ) of the National Academy of Design in New York .

Web links

Commons : Godefroy Engelmann  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Wilhelm Weber, Saxa Loquuntur. Stones Talking. History of lithography , Impuls Verlag Hein Moos, Heidelberg and Berlin 1961, pp. 59–62
  2. ^ Wilhelm Weber, Saxa Loquuntur. Stones Talking. History of lithography , Impuls Verlag Hein Moos, Heidelberg and Berlin 1961, pp. 91–96
  3. http://www.bbk-bergischland.de/litho/start.htm
  4. http://www.johann-moritz-rugendas.com
  5. nationalacademy.org: Past Academicians "E" / Engelmann, Godefroy Honorary 1848 ( Memento of the original from August 14, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (accessed on June 20, 2015)  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.nationalacademy.org