Lewis David von Schweinitz

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Lewis David von Schweinitz

Lewis David von Schweinitz , also Ludwig David von Schweinitz and Schweiniz or de Schweinitz , Schweiniz (born February 13, 1780 in Bethlehem , Pennsylvania , USA ; † February 8, 1834 there ) was chairman of the Moravian Brothers in North America as well as a mycologist and botanist . His botanical-mycological author's abbreviation is “ Pig. "

Because of his extensive mycological work, he is considered the founder of modern mycology in North America .


Schweinitz was born as the great-grandson of the founder of the Moravian Brothers , Nikolaus Ludwig von Zinzendorf and Pottendorf, in the Moravian settlement of Bethlehem (Pennsylvania) . In 1798 he attended the theological seminar in Niesky , Oberlausitz, Germany . In 1801 he became a teacher there at the University Boys' Institute. In 1807 von Schweinitz worked as a caretaker for the single brothers in Gnadenberg (Silesia). In 1808 he became head of the single brothers' choir in Gnadau .

In 1812, back in the United States, he became administrator of the university properties in Salem, now Winston-Salem , North Carolina . In 1821 he was an inspector at a boarding school for girls in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. He died there in 1834 in the service of the Brothers Unity.


The plant genus Schweinitzia Elliott from the heather family (Ericaceae) is named after him .

See also


  • Lewis David von Schweinitz & Johannes Baptista von Albertini : Conspectus Fungorum in Lusatiae Superioris Agro Niskiensi Crescentium e Methodo Persooniana. Leipzig 1805. German title: "Observation of the mushrooms of Upper Lusatia that grow in the fields around Nisky, according to the Persoon method ". This work contains 1130 species, including 127 new species.

In North America, Schweinitz describes 3,000 mushrooms, including 1,200 new species as the sole author.

  • Specimen florae Americae cryptogamicae , 1821.
  • Synopsis Fungorum Carolinae Superioris , 1822.
  • Synopsis Fungorum in America Boreali Media Degentium , 1832.


  • Heinrich Dörfelt , Heike Heklau: The history of mycology. 1998, ISBN 3927654442 .
  • Hans Dieter Zehfuß: Leafed through historical mushroom literature. Episode 1. In: Der Tintling 36, Issue 3/2003, ISSN  1430-595X , pp. 36-40.
  • Johannes Leunis , A. B. Frank: Synopsis of botany. 1877. Page X. u. LXIV
  • Sketch of LD Schweinitz. In: Popular Science Monthly , vol. 44 (193/94), pp. 833-840.
  • Gothaisches genealogical pocket book of noble houses, 1916, p.769

Individual evidence

  1. Lotte Burkhardt: Directory of eponymous plant names - Extended Edition. Part I and II. Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin , Freie Universität Berlin , Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-946292-26-5 doi: 10.3372 / epolist2018 .

Web links

Commons : Lewis David von Schweinitz  - Collection of images, videos and audio files