Christian Hendrik Persoon

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Christian Hendrik Persoon

Christian Hendrik Persoon (born December 31, 1761 in the Cape Colony , † November 16, 1836 in Paris ) was a mycologist and botanist . Its official botanical author's abbreviation is “ Pers. "


Persoon descended from Dutch and German ancestors and was born in South Africa. At the age of 12 he was admitted to the Latin school in Lingen on August 14, 1775 and enrolled at the local university in 1780. As a student he met Alexander von Humboldt in Göttingen . In 1800 he was elected a corresponding member of the Göttingen Academy of Sciences and in 1809 of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences .

Persoon revised and expanded the systematics of mushrooms established by Carl von Linné . Together with his contemporary Elias Magnus Fries , he is considered the father of modern mycology. An important nomenclature achievement was the establishment of the subspecies as a rank by him.

He died completely impoverished in Paris.


In his honor, John Edward Smith named the genus Persoonia of the silver tree family (Proteaceae). Also the mushroom genera Persooniana Britzelm. and Persooniella Syd. are named after him.

The magazine Persoonia , which has been published since 1959, is named after him.



  • Treatise on the edible sponges. With an indication of the harmful species and an introduction to the history of the sponges. Translated from the French and accompanied by a few notes by Johann Heinrich Dierbach . Karl Groos' new academic bookshop, Heidelberg 1821.

Web links

Commons : Christiaan Hendrik Persoon  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Entry in the Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL): "Persoon, Christian Hendrik (1761 / 1762-1836), South African botanist (Dutch citizen), especially mycologist."
  2. According to Len Verwoerd, Persoon was born on December 31, 1761 at the Cape of Good Hope . The year of birth 1755 mentioned in older sources is considered refuted. Len Verwoerd: "The Ancestors of Christian Hendrik Persoon". In: Index of the Mycological Writings of CG Lloyd , Vol. 7, 1922-1925. Cincinnati, Ohio 1929. p. 1301.
  3. ^ Heinz Buss: Album Discipulorum Scholae Lingensis - the student directory of the Lingen Latin School (1689-1831) . Lingen 2020, p. 133 .
  4. Wolfgang-Hagen Hein (Ed.): Alexander von Humboldt. Life and work . Boehringer, Ingelheim am Rhein 1985, ISBN 3-921037-55-7 , p. 21 .
  5. Holger Krahnke: The members of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1751-2001 (= Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Philological-Historical Class. Volume 3, Vol. 246 = Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Mathematical-Physical Class. Episode 3, vol. 50). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-525-82516-1 , p. 187.
  6. Hans Peter Fuchs: Historical comments on the concept of subspecies In: Taxon, 7: 2, 1958, pp. 44–52
  7. Lotte Burkhardt: Directory of eponymous plant names - Extended Edition. Part I and II. Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin , Freie Universität Berlin , Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-946292-26-5 doi: 10.3372 / epolist2018 .