York (Upper Canada)

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Fort York in 1804

York [ jɔɹk ] was the original name of today's city of Toronto in the Canadian province of Ontario .

The Wyandot called the place where York was built, "Tarantua", which means something like meeting place where they held meetings. In the 17th century it was the fur hunters who used the meeting place very successfully for their business, until the British Lieutenant Governor John Graves Simcoe had a fort built from the commercial hub. He believed that York was the appropriate location for the capital of Upper Canada , which at that time was still in Newark, now Niagara-on-the-Lake . It is named after Frederick Augustus, Duke of York and Albany , the second son of King George III.

The city of York on the north bank of Lake Ontario became the capital of Upper Canada in 1796.

On March 6, 1834, the city was renamed Toronto. At that time York had 9250 inhabitants.

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Coordinates: 43 ° 39 ′  N , 79 ° 24 ′  W