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The Bloody Massacre Perpetrated in King Street Boston on March 5th, 1770. Propaganda poster of the American freedom fighter Paul Revere
In the Boston massacre , five civilians are killed by a British guard.
Marie Antoinette on the clavichord, shortly before her marriage, attributed to Franz Xaver Wagenschön
Archduchess Marie Antoinette is married to the Dauphin
Louis-Auguste .
Jacob Philipp Hackert - The Battle of Cesme on July 5, 1770
In the sea ​​battle of Çeşme in the Fifth Russo-Turkish War, Russia destroys the Ottoman fleet.
1770 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1218/19 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1762/63 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1175/76 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2313/14 (southern Buddhism); 2312/13 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 74th (75th) cycle

Year of the Metal Tiger庚寅 ( at the beginning of the year Earth- Ox Jahres)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1132/33 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4103/04 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1148/49 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1183/84 (April 26-27)
Jewish calendar 5530/31 (September 19-20)
Coptic calendar 1486/87 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 945/946
Seleucid era Babylon: 2080/81 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2081/82 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1826/27 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

North American colonies

In red, the route of Samuel Hearnes' second and third expeditions
  • February 23 to November 25 : Samuel Hearne's second overland expedition on behalf of the Hudson's Bay Company also fails with the aim of providing evidence for the Northwest Passage , examining the copper mines on the Coppermine River , exploring the stretches of land roamed and the Indian tribes To move trade relations with the Hudson's Bay Company.
  • Learning from his mistakes, Hearne decides to be the only European to leave with a group of Indians led by Chief Matonabbee . In the third expedition, which lasted almost 19 months from 1770 to 1772 and began on December 7th, Matonabbee, who attributes the double failure to the lack of women, played a key role in the success.
  • March 5 : In the Boston massacre, five civilians are killed in a street battle by a provoked British guard. The incident fueled further discontent among the colonists.

Falklands crisis

The capture of Port Egmont by the Spaniards in 1770. Contemporary illustration

James Cook's first South Seas voyage

Poupou ( Maori pedigree), the only surviving object from James Cook's first voyage to the South Seas, gift to Joseph Banks in 1770



Orlov revolt in Greece / Russo-Turkish war

Flag of the Greek insurgents
Rumjanzjew's victory over the Turks 1770 , etching by Daniel Chodowiecki
Sea Battle of Cesme by Ivan Aivazovsky


  • The Bar Confederation suffered two major defeats against Russian troops earlier this year. In the same year she moved the Confederation Council from Silesia to Hungary.


Cornelius Høyer : Johann Friedrich Struensee , miniature 1770
Royal Decree for the Dissolution of the Secret Council


science and technology

The Tisisat ("Smoking Water") waterfall of the Blue Nile near Bahar Dar



Music and theater

Armida abbandonata , title page of the libretto, Naples


nature and environment


  • November: Typhus allegedly breaks out in a soldiers' hospital outside Moscow, which in retrospect turns out to be a plague. In the same month, further deaths occur in a textile factory in a suburb. In the following year the disease spreads across the city .


First quarter

Friedrich Hölderlin, pastel by Franz Carl Hiemer , 1792
Sophie Mereau

Second quarter

Third quarter

Friedrich Wilhelm III.
Dorothea von Rodde-Schlözer, around 1800
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, 1831

Fourth Quarter

Adam Johann von Krusenstern
Ludwig van Beethoven, painting by Joseph Karl Stieler from 1820

Exact date of birth unknown


First quarter

Second quarter

Marie Camargo after Eugène Gervais
Sophie Magdalene von Brandenburg-Kulmbach, Queen of Denmark

Third quarter

Fourth Quarter

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1770  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files