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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

World premiere of Teofane on the occasion of the marriage of Prince Elector Friedrich August II.
On the occasion of the marriage of Prince Elector Friedrich August II
, the opera Teofane by Antonio Lotti will be premiered in the newly opened
Opera House am Zwinger in Dresden.
Robinson Crusoe, cover of first edition in Heathcot's Intelligence
The novel Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe
is published.
Marquise de Maintenon
Françoise d'Aubigné, marquise de Maintenon , second wife of
Louis XIV , dies.
1719 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1167/68 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1711/12 (New Year 11/12 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1124/25 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2262/63 (southern Buddhism); 2261/62 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 73rd (74th) cycle

Year of the Earth-Pig己亥 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Dog 戊戌)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1081/82 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4052/53 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1097/98
Islamic calendar 1131/32 (turn of the year 13/14 November)
Jewish calendar 5479/80 (September 13-14)
Coptic calendar 1435/36 (September 11-12)
Malayalam calendar 894/895
Seleucid era Babylon: 2029/30 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2030/31 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1775/76 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Great Northern War

Route of Armfeldt's troops 1718–19 (data on the map in Julian )
Coin on the occasion of Ulrika Eleonore's coronation
Attack on Marstrand and Carlsten Fortress
Map of the attack on Nya Elfsborg
Image of the last page of the preliminary peace in Stockholm between Hanover-Great Britain and Sweden

Quadruple Alliance War


James Fitzjames
Giulio Cardinal Alberoni
  • December 5th : Cardinal Giulio Alberoni , Spanish Prime Minister, is relieved of all his posts and asked to leave the country within three weeks. He goes to Italy, but where he is from Pope Clement XI. is threatened with a lawsuit.


James Butler, 2nd Duke of Ormonde
The marriage of James Francis Edward Stuart to Maria Clementina Sobieska


Florimund Claudius, Count Mercy

American colonies

Holy Roman Empire

North America

  • June 5 : James Knight , former governor of the Hudson's Bay Company , sets sail from Gravesend with two ships and a crew of 40 to search for the Northwest Passage. Since he has fallen out with his successor at HBC, Henry Kelsey - he accused Kelsey of embezzlement - Kelsey forbids him to come into contact with any HBC station during his trip. So he chooses a sheltered harbor on the eastern tip of Marble Island for the first winter, where the team trades with an Inuit village. Nothing is known about the further whereabouts of the expedition.



Speculative bubbles

Colonial economy

Duty Free Areas

Business start-ups




Daniel Defoe, portrait from the 17th / 18th centuries century
  • April 25 : The novel Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe is published. The “first English novel” is so successful that within one year three new editions, four German translations and a continuation of the work on August 20 will appear. Other authors will soon publish so-called Robinsonads .


Music and theater

The auditorium of the Opera House at the Zwinger




First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1719

  • Thomas Jefferys , English geographer, cartographer, engraver, bookseller, publisher and printer († 1771 )


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1719

Web links

Commons : 1719  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files