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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

The partners of the Vienna Treaty (blue) and those of the Herrenhausen Alliance (red) 1725/30
With the Treaty of Vienna and the Alliance of Herrenhausen
, two major European alliances are concluded.
Tsarina Catherine I.
Catherine I becomes
Empress of Russia .
Portrait of Maria Leszczynska, oil on canvas, châteaux de Versailles et de Trianon
The Polish Princess Maria Leszczyńska marries the French King Louis XV.
1725 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1173/74 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1717/18 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1130/31 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2268/69 (southern Buddhism); 2267/68 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 73rd (74th) cycle

Year of the wood snake乙巳 ( at the beginning of the year wood dragon 甲辰)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1087/88 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4058/59 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1103/04
Islamic calendar 1137/38 (turn of the year 8/9 September)
Jewish calendar 5485/86 (September 7/8)
Coptic calendar 1441/42 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 900/901
Seleucid era Babylon: 2035/36 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2036/37 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1781/82 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events


Alexander Danilowitsch Menshikov
  • February 8 : Emperor Peter the Great dies at the age of 52 without naming a successor. Since his death had already been looming since the beginning of the year, two factions have formed at the imperial court, one of which supports the succession of the emperor's young grandson, Peter Alexejewitsch , while the other supports the accession to the throne of the emperor's widow, Katharina , who was born in Courland Maid and daughter of a Lithuanian farmer who the Tsar married in 1712 . The former group included members of old Russian noble families who were bitter opponents of Prince Alexander Danilowitsch Menshikov . With Peter's help, they want to overthrow the homines novi who rose under Peter the Great and restore the former influence of the boyars . The supporters of a line of succession to the throne of Catherine, who are recruited in particular from the ranks of the homines novi , are led by Alexander Menshikov, as well as the Russian nobleman Pyotr Andreevich Tolstoy and Admiral Fyodor Matveyevich Apraxin . Since Menshikov was in command of the First Guards Regiment and Field Marshal General, this group, which acts decisively and quickly, can rely on both Guards regiments. Catherine, who promises to appoint Peter as her successor, can meet the Archbishop of Novgorod , Theodosius III. Bribery to get Janovsky , who is at the head of the clergy, to their side. Then she secured the imperial treasure and the citadel and won the Holy Synod , the imperial bodyguard and numerous greats for herself. The two regiments of guards march in front of the palace. War Minister General Field Marshal Prince Anikita Ivanovich Repnin does not succeed in preventing Menshikov from carrying out his plans. Catherine I took over the Russian imperial crown on the day her husband died . But the real power lies with General Menshikov.

Great Britain

European alliance systems

North America



  • When the Fulbe in Mali tried to subdue them and convert them to Islam, the Susu moved to their current settlement area in Guinea.


science and technology

  • The astronomer James Bradley discovered the aberration of light caused by the movement of the earth around the sun.


Johann Sebastian Bach in Leipzig

Page from the second booklet

Music and theater


Jonathan Wild execution ticket
Maria Leszczyńska 1726


Klösterl Walchensee


  • All 200 crew members perished in the sinking of the Dutch East India sailor Akerendam off the Norwegian island of Runde .


First half of the year

Portrait of Giacomo Casanova , (around 1750–1755)

Second half of the year

Exact date of birth unknown

Self-portrait Theresa Meng, pastel on canvas


January to April

Peter the Great sarcophagus in Peter and Paul Cathedral (back row on the right)

May to August

Christian Heinrich Heineken

September to December

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

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