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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Sea battle at Lowestoft
The Battle of Lowestoft is the first battle of
the Second Anglo-Dutch War .
Directory of burials for 1665, broken down by parish, ordinary deaths and deaths from the plague
The Great Plague begins in London .
Cover of the first edition of the Journal des sçavans
Journal des sçavans , the first scientific journal, is published in Paris .
1665 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1113/14 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1657/58 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1070/71 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2208/09 (southern Buddhism); 2207/08 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 72nd (73rd) cycle

Year of the wood snake乙巳 ( at the beginning of the year wood dragon 甲辰)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1027/28 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3998/99 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1043/44
Islamic calendar 1075/76 (July 13-14)
Jewish calendar 5425/26 (9/10 September)
Coptic calendar 1381/82 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 840/841
Seleucid era Babylon: 1975/76 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1976/77 (New Year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1721/22 (April)


Politics and world events

Second Anglo-Dutch War

Battle in the Bay of Bergen

Other events in Europe

Carlos II of Spain

Portuguese colonies



Golden Portugalese from 1665

science and technology

Title page of the first edition Philosophical Transactions
  • Robert Hooke publishes his ideas about the wave nature of light . In his micrographia he describes the explanation of the blurring of objects in hot air as refraction in layers of air of different densities. He also coined the biological concept of the cell .


Music and theater

Visual arts

Self portrait
The girl with the pearl earring




  • May 31 : The Jewish religious scholar Shabbtai Zvi declares himself the Messiah during a stay in Gaza , after being encouraged to do so by the Kabbalist Nathan of Gaza . His followers are called Sabbatians in the following . A messianic enthusiasm grips Gaza and, from there, Hebron, Safed and Cairo. Shabbtai Zvi goes to Jerusalem, where he comes into conflict with the local rabbinate. He then went via Safed, Damascus and Aleppo to Smyrna, where he occupied the Sephardic synagogue. On December 30th he left for Constantinople.


The first recorded plague death from the Great Plague of London is that of Margaret Porteous on April 12th . In the English capital , over 70,000 people die in the epidemic , which will last more than a year.

Historical maps and views

Map of Recife 1665


First half of the year

Queen Anne of Great Britain

Second half of the year

Exact date of birth unknown


Johannes Clauberg

First half of the year

Philip IV of Spain

Second half of the year

  • September 17th : Philip IV , King of Spain, Naples and Sicily and as Philip III. last king of Portugal from the House of Habsburg (* 1605 )

Web links

Commons : 1665  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files