The London Gazette
The London Gazette is one of three gazettes of the British government. The London Gazette, first published on November 7th, 1665, is considered the oldest surviving newspaper in England and the oldest continuously published newspaper in Great Britain .
Further gazettes in Great Britain are the Edinburgh Gazette and the Belfast Gazette , which contain notices of national importance as well as notices that are specific to Scotland and Northern Ireland . The London Gazette, in turn, contains notices that apply to England.
The London Gazette appears every working day, except bank holidays ( bank-holidays ). Among other things, the following messages are published:
- Entry into force of UK Parliament or Scottish Parliament bills
- Announcement of new elections if there is a vacancy in the House of Commons
- Appointments to certain public offices
- Appointments and promotions of officers in the armed forces
- Bankruptcies of companies and individuals
- Awarding of honorary awards and military medals
- Name changes and changes to coats of arms
- Royal proclamations and other declarations
The London Gazette is published by the Stationery Office . In the online version, the entire archive from 1752 to 1998 can be called up in digitized form.
The newspaper was first published on November 7, 1665, at that time under the name Oxford Gazette . King Charles II and his court had moved to Oxford to escape the Great Plague of London . For fear of infection, the courtiers refused to touch or even read London newspapers. Henry Muddiman was the first editor, the appearance of the first edition is mentioned in the diary of Samuel Pepys . When the king returned to London after the epidemic subsided, the Gazette also relocated. The first edition with the new name (No. 24) appeared on February 5, 1666. The Gazette was not a newspaper in the modern sense; it was mailed to subscribers in the form of a manuscript and did not go on sale. In 1889 the Stationery Office took over the publication of the Gazette.
Among other things, the title of "Post Captain", the former equivalent of a sea captain since the second half of the 18th century, partly derives its meaning from the London Gazette. When a Royal Navy Commander was promoted, it was posted in the London Gazette.
- The Gazette - Official Public Record
- London Gazette website ( July 13, 2012 memento on Internet Archive )
- A history of The Gazette , accessed May 22, 2017.