As a legal gazette (generally abbreviated GBl. ) Is an official gazette , which reproduces the wording of the enacted laws or other legal provisions (ordinances, guidelines, etc.) in their binding version. The wording published there is considered to be official. Corrections must be shown in separately published corrections. The term describes both the complete work and the individual (often multi-page) numbered sheet of this work.
Basics of the legal gazette, the announcement and the versions of the laws
The legal gazettes contain the valid version of a law, the entire work of a legal gazette (all its copies) contains the entirety of the applicable laws.
Usually, legal gazettes appear at irregular intervals of a few days to a few weeks, often in blocks depending on the new regulations passed as legislature in the respective session of parliament : These individual editions of a legal gazette are called where they are specially numbered (which is not the case everywhere is) piece (pcs.) of the legal gazette (as a complete work). The law gazette also partly consists of parts , for example the Federal Law Gazette for the Republic of Austria since 1997 in three parts: Federal Law (Part I), Ministerial Ordinance (Part II), State Treaty (Part III), a law is then known as Federal Law Gazette I No. 1/2020 and noted accordingly. In general, legal sources are given in their current or valid version (as amended), if the statement relates to a specific status or historical formulations, if used in the version [ of ] (as amended ) with reference to the relevant legal gazette ("§ 1 Model Act as amended by GBl. 01/2020 ") or a date (" as amended on 1.1. 2020 ").
The first publication of a law or the legal journal of the publication is the master version (Stf.), The other changes are called amendments . Because only the text changes are announced in the Law Gazette, the currently valid version is a virtual, composite text, which is called the consolidated version . This is regularly published in specialist works, for example annually updated legal commentaries , in the past also as a service in ring binder form to exchange individual sheets, today it is increasingly available daily in electronic form in legal information systems. Only in the case of fundamental reforms of a law is it published again in full, this is called re-publication in Austria . Such versions of a law are then often dated with the year in the short title ("Model Law, newly published [re-published] as Model Law 2020"), and are considered an independent law.
In the context of modern e-government , the legally binding announcement is increasingly not as a printed text on paper, but electronically, as it is e.g. B. in Austria in the legal information system of the federal and state governments (authentic version of the legal gazette) .
- In Germany, the Federal Law Gazette is published for legislative activity at the federal level . At state level, this is usually the law and ordinance gazette of the respective state , for example the law and ordinance gazette for the state of North Rhine-Westphalia or the law and ordinance gazette for the state of Hesse . The law gazette of the German Democratic Republic was the public announcement gazette of the German Democratic Republic.
- In Austria the publication organ of the federal government is called the Federal Law Gazette for the Republic of Austria , the law gazettes of the federal states are called the Landesgesetzblatt . These legal gazettes are published electronically signed in their legally valid form in the legal information system of the Republic of Austria (ris.bka.gv.at) on the Internet (Federal Law Gazette authentic) , older announcements that were still published on paper are also scanned and accessible there (until 2004, in this case the online information is non-binding). Older historical legal texts Austria are from the National Library in the project ALEX documented to 1740 freely available on the Internet, Reichsgesetzblatt (Italian, Czech, Slovenian, Croatian, Hungarian, Polish, Romanian, Ruthenian) in its non-German versions. The legal information system RIS also offers a text version of the respective laws, etc., which reflects the current text ( consolidated version ; art text version , composed of the various changes, also not legally binding).
- The Federal Gazette is published in Switzerland . The Official Collection of Federal Law (AS) in chronological order appears every week , and it is available as a systematic collection of Federal Law (SR) - updated and sorted by subject area . It is freely available on the government website admin.ch .
- In Liechtenstein, the publications are also called the State Law Gazette , they are prepared by the Government's Legal Service (RDR) and are available from the Liechtenstein Collection of Laws (LILEX)
- The European Union (whose regulations are directly applicable in the member states) announces its legislative acts in the Official Journal of the European Union in part "L".
- E.g. not in Austria at federal level, see Federal Law Gazette I No. 133/2015 : Sample of a Federal Law Gazette in Austria.
- cf. for example Federal Law Gazette No. 126/1968 , 35th issue , pp. 741–764, issued on April 17, 1968. This 35th issue of the law gazette includes laws 125 to 131 (of this year), which are also explicitly called “125. Federal Act ”etc. are named; Information for the individual laws is given as “BGBl. [No.] 125/1968 “etc .; later the legal gazettes were then printed for each law or amendment, cf. for example Federal Law Gazette I No. 76/1997 , 1997 year, pp. 1045-1058.
- Article 49a of the Austrian Federal Constitutional Law i. d. F. 2015.
- cf. in addition The Austrian State Law Gazettes 1849–1940. Austrian National Library: ALEX - Historical legal and legal texts online - overview of the usages of the announcement and the basic terms of legal publication theory (chapter General ; accessed April 19, 2016).
- Overview of the announcements of the legal gazettes in Austria (complete query) . Federal Chancellery: ris.bka.gv.at (accessed July 11, 2015).
- Austria-Hungarian Reichsgesetzblatt non-German languages. alex.onb.ac.at (accessed July 11, 2015)