Louis Philippe I. de Bourbon, duc d'Orléans

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Duke Ludwig Philip I of Orléans

Louis Philippe I de Bourbon, duc d'Orléans ( German  Ludwig Philipp I, Duke of Orléans ; born May 12, 1725 in Versailles , France , † November 18, 1785 at Sainte-Assise Palace in Seine-Port ) was a member of the French royal family from the House of Orléans .


Louis Philippe was the only son of Duke Louis d'Orléans and Auguste von Baden-Baden . He was born in Versailles and received the title of Duke of Chartres and carried this title until his father's death, whereupon he succeeded him as Duke of Orléans in 1752 .

While serving in the French armies, he distinguished himself in the campaigns of 1742, 1743 and 1744, as well as in the battle of Fontenoy in 1745 . After his retreat to Bagnolet in 1757 he engaged in theater performances.

The Duke married Princess Louise Henriette de Bourbon-Conti in 1743 , who gave birth to a son, Philippe Égalité , Duke of Orléans, and a daughter who married the last Duke of Bourbon .

His second wife, Charlotte-Jeanne Béraud de la Haye de Riou, Marquise de Montesson , whom he secretly married in a morganatic marriage in 1773 , was a clever woman and a well-respected author. The couple lived in seclusion at Le Raincy Castle . Madame de Montesson entertained her husband there by setting up a small theater and writing her own plays, which they performed together. Joseph Bologne, Chevalier de Saint-Georges , was engaged as a conductor and later appointed lieutenant de la chasse by the Duke. In Le Raincy composes his second opera. Madame de Montesson outlived her husband by twenty years.

He died in Seine-Port at his Sainte-Assise castle. He had the castle Saint-Cloud in 1784 to Louis XVI. sold.


Louise Henriette de Bourbon, painting by Jean-Marc Nattier

From his marriage to Louise Henriette de Bourbon he had three children:

  • Mademoiselle de Chartres (July 13, 1745 - December 14, 1745)
  • Louis Philippe Joseph (born April 13, 1747 - † November 6, 1793), called Philippe Égalité , Duke of Orléans
⚭ 1769 Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon
⚭ 1770 Louis VI. Henri de Bourbon , Prince of Condé

The Duke also had three recognized illegitimate children with Étienette Le Marquis :

  • Louis Etienne (January 21, 1759 - July 24, 1825), Abbot of St. Far
  • Marie Etienette Perrine d'Auvilliers (born July 7, 1761)
⚭ 1778 François Constantin, Count von Brossard († 1810)


  • Jean Harmand (Ed.): L'Automne d'un prince. Le duc Philippe d'Orléans et la marquise de Montesson. B. Grasset, Paris 1910 (a collection of letters from the Duke to his second wife).

Web links

Commons : Louis Philippe d'Orléans  - Collection of images, videos and audio files