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Queen Victoria opens the Great Exhibition
Queen Victoria opens the Great Exhibition in London.
President Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte
The French president Charles-Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte receives dictatorial powers in a coup.
Hong Xiuquan
Hong Xiuquan ,
leader of the Taiping Uprising ,
proclaimed the "Heavenly Realm of Supreme Peace" in China
1851 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1299/1300 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1843/44 (turn of the year 11/12 September)
Baha'i calendar 07/08 (turn of the year 20/21 March)
Bengali solar calendar 1246/47 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2394/95 (southern Buddhism); 2393/94 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 75th (76th) cycle

Year of the metal pig辛亥 ( at the beginning of the year metal dog 庚戌)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1213/14 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4184/85 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1229/30 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1267/68 (October 26-27)
Jewish calendar 5611/12 (September 26-27)
Coptic Calendar 1567/68 (September 11-12)
Malayalam calendar 1026/27
Rumi Calendar (Ottoman Empire) 1266/67 (March 1st)
Seleucid era Babylon: 2161/62 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2162/63 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1907/08 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

German Confederation


Other events in Europe


  • November 13th: The Denny family, called the Denny Party , lands at Alki Point; this is seen as the birth of Seattle .


  • January 11: The sect leader Hong Xiuquan proclaims the Heavenly Kingdom of Supreme Peace in China during the Taiping Uprising and proclaims himself the Heavenly King .


Canvas Town in South Melbourne in the 1850s


The Great Exhibition in London

Crystal Palace


Sketch of Gorrie's ice machine

Postal services

Business start-ups


science and technology

Astronomy, meteorology, physics

Teaching and Research


Göltzschtal bridge with the American mill and FA Ketzel bread factory, 1856


Visual arts


Heinrich Heine publishes his third and last collection of poems, Romanzero, during his lifetime .

Music and theater

Poster of the world premiere of Rigoletto followed by a ballet
Old Folks at Home, advertising poster for Christy's Minstrels from 1851


Reconstructive drawing, partly inaccurate in detail, for an article in the
Illustrirten Zeitung about the railway accident at Avenwedde


Historical maps and views


January February

David Starr Jordan

March April

May June

Adolf von Harnack
Emil Berliner
Léon Bourgeois

July August

September October

James Simon, photograph around 1895
  • September 17: James Simon , German entrepreneur and patron († 1932)
Henry Arthur Jones (around 1880)

November December

Exact date of birth unknown


First quarter

Karl von Müffling
Mary Shelley, 1840
Hans Christian Ørsted

Second quarter

Third quarter

  • 0July 3: Juliana Blasius , German robber bride of Johannes Bückler (* 1781)
  • 0July 5: Giovanni Scudieri , Italian architect and chief architect of Tbilisi (* 1817)
Louis Daguerre, 1844

Fourth Quarter

Karl Drais, still baron, 1820
  • December 10: Karl Drais , German inventor (* 1785)
William Turner, 1798

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1851  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files