Juliana Blasius (also: Bläsius; Julchen; French. Julie Blaesius) (* August 22, 1781 in Weierbach (today in Idar-Oberstein), † July 3, 1851 there ) was the last robber bride of Johannes Bückler , who became known as Schinderhannes whom she lived together for three years and from whom she had a child.
Juliana Blasius was the daughter of the musician and day laborer Johann Nikolaus Blasius (* 1751). As a child, she could be seen together with her father and sister Margarethe (* 1779) in markets and at church fairs as a banter and violin player .
The years of death of her father and her sister can no longer be determined, as Weierbach's church records from the period from 1798 to 1830 are only available in fragments. However, according to the pastor i. R. Erich Henn from Idar-Oberstein - the spelling of the family name Blasius emerges. In the literature, Juliane is sometimes given as a first name, and Bläsius as a family name.
Even if she later stated during the trial that she was kidnapped at the age of 15, Blasius may have met Johannes Bückler , known as Schinderhannes, at an appearance at the Wickenhof near Kirn at Easter 1800 . The statement must have been a white lie, because "Julchen" could have escaped later, if it was on the road as a "trader Ofenloch" in the absence of "Schinderhannes".
After a meeting initiated two weeks later in the forest near Weierbach, Blasius seems to have stayed with the already fugitive robber. Her sister Margarete became the lover of Peter Dallheimer from Bückler's gang.
After the secret meeting in the forest near Weierbach, the "Julchen" from then on moved through the country with the "Schinderhannes", who had eight other lovers before her. Four of the lovers are known by name: Elise Werner, Buzliese-Amie, Katharina Pfeiffer and Margarethe Blasius.
At the height of his power around 1800, Bückler stayed with Blasius and his gang on the half-ruined Schmidtburg in the Hahnenbachtal above Kirn . The castle had been abandoned by its owners since the French annexation in 1795. In the nearby village of Griebelschied , the gang even celebrated a public “robber ball” in an inn.
Together with Johannes Bückler, Blasius participated several times - sometimes in men's clothing - in brutal attacks in which she even accepted that the victims - like the Jew Wolff Wiener in Hottenbach - were tortured. In the novel Unter dem Freiheitsbaum (1922) by the Trier-born writer Clara Viebig (1860–1952), the robber bride is portrayed as brave, unscrupulous, spirited and attractive.
Juliana Blasius gave birth to a daughter in Bruchsal , who died a little later. After the gang was arrested, Julchen gave birth to a son on October 1st, 1802 in the Mainz wooden tower, who was to be baptized Franz Wilhelm and later adopted by the Mainz customs guard Johannes Weiß. Nothing is known about the son's later fate, except that he became a non-commissioned officer in the Austrian army.
In the same year her sister Margarethe had to answer for theft and loitering and was serving a prison sentence in Kaiserslautern.
Julchen Blasius was sentenced to two years in prison in the trial against Schinderhannes and his cronies and was serving her sentence in the correctional facility in Ghent ( Belgium ). The relatively mild sentence was based on the fact that her lover repeatedly tried to exonerate her during the trial. He said: “I seduced her, she is innocent.” The court in Mainz was then called Mayence and was in the French Département du Mont-Tonnerre (“Donnersberg”), and Schinderhannes was accused of being a French citizen “citoyen Jean Buckler”.
After she was released from the correctional facility, Blasius worked as a maid for her son's foster father in Mainz, but then returned to Weierbach, previously sexually harassed by Weiß or one of his servants, and there became the wife of a gendarme named Uebel, who died during the wars of liberation . On July 2, 1814, she married her widowed cousin, Weierbach's local police officer Johann Blasius, and gave birth to another seven children, of which only two reached adulthood.
In later years Juliana Blasius was curiously admired by strangers passing through Weierbach. She is said to have liked to talk about her time as a robber bride "over a schnapps", which she thought was the most beautiful of her life. When a public prosecutor from Saarbrücken visited the old woman who was boasting as “Schinderhannes' wife” in 1844, he found her “neatly dressed” and “still in good condition”.
Juliana Blasius survived the Schinderhannes by 47 years and died on July 3, 1851 at the age of 69 in her hometown of Weierbach from the effects of dropsy .
In the literature, the "best known Weierbacherin" is judged differently. The Julchen vom Schinderhannes became part of the legend surrounding Johannes Bückler during his lifetime. In addition to the numerous literary adaptations of the Schinderhannes material, Blasius also became the main character in Clara Viebig's novel Unter dem Freiheitsbaum (1922). Viebig worked out her role most clearly, but also distanced herself relatively far from the established facts by relocating many episodes about "Julchen" to her own place of birth Trier and the Moselle valley. Carl Zuckmayer (1896–1977) stuck to the facts more, but made Julchen more of a marginal figure in the play “Schinderhannes”.
During the 1990s, the play "Julchen or the Second Life" by Armin Peter Faust from Weierbach was frequently performed in the near region . At that time, at least eight of their descendants were still living in Weierbach.
In 2010, the musical "Julchen" penned by Michel Becker and Carsten Braun was premiered at the Simmern Schinderhannes Festival , in which their time together with Schinderhannes and the question of their complicity or complicity are discussed. The stage work, which is rather untypical for this genre, adheres closely to historical reality and is essentially based on the trial files.
- Armin Peter Faust, the most famous Weierbacherin. Dedicated to all of Julchen's still living descendants ; in: Birkenfeld, Heimatkalender , 1992, 131-139
- Peter Bayerlein: Schinderhannes Chronicle, 2003
- Peter Bayerlein: Schinderhannes Ortlexikon, 2003
- Ernst Probst : Julchen Blasius. The Robber Bride of Schinderhannes, 2010, ISBN 978-3-640-64773-6
- Mark Scheibe: Schinderhannes. No good, horse thief, robber captain? Kelkheim, 5th edition 2010 (488 pages), ISBN 978-3-981-31882-1 - publication based on legal history research at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz
- Musical Julchen , accessed on October 2, 2012
- Blasius, Maria Juliana (Julchen). Hessian biography. (As of July 3, 2019). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Entry on Juliana Blasius in the Rhineland-Palatinate personal database
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Robber Bride of Johannes Bückler|
|DATE OF BIRTH||August 22, 1781|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Weierbach|
|DATE OF DEATH||July 3, 1851|
|Place of death||Weierbach|