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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the local community Hottenbach
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Hottenbach highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 49 '  N , 7 ° 18'  E

Basic data
State : Rhineland-Palatinate
County : Birch field
Association municipality : Herrstein-Rhaunen
Height : 432 m above sea level NHN
Area : 11.21 km 2
Residents: 575 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 51 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 55758
Area code : 06785
License plate : BIR
Community key : 07 1 34 044
Association administration address: Brühlstrasse 16
55756 Herrstein
Website :
Local Mayor : Hans-Joachim Brusius
Location of the local community of Hottenbach in the Birkenfeld district
Horbruch Krummenau (Hunsrück) Weitersbach Gösenroth Schwerbach Oberkirn Hausen (Hunsrück) Rhaunen Stipshausen Hottenbach Hellertshausen Schauren Asbach Sulzbach (Hunsrück) Bollenbach Bundenbach Baumholder Frauenberg Reichenbach Heimbach Ruschberg Berglangenbach Fohren-Linden Berschweiler bei Baumholder Mettweiler Eckersweiler Rohrbach Rückweiler Hahnweiler Leitzweiler Sien Sienhachenbach Schmidthachenbach Oberreidenbach Mittelreidenbach Dickesbach Fischbach Bergen Berschweiler bei Kirn Hintertiefenbach Gerach Niederwörresbach Niederhosenbach Griebelschied Sonnschied Wickenrodt Herrstein Oberwörresbach Veitsrodt Herborn Mörschied Breitenthal Oberhosenbach Weiden Vollmersbach Kempfeld Kirschweiler Bruchweiler Allenbach Wirschweiler Langweiler (bei Idar-Oberstein) Idar-Oberstein Sensweiler Hettenrodt Mackenrodt Siesbach Leisel Schwollen Hattgenstein Oberhambach Rinzenberg Börfink Buhlenberg Abentheuer Brücken (bei Birkenfeld) Achtelsbach Meckenbach Ellweiler Dambach Gimbweiler Hoppstädten-Weiersbach Dienstweiler Nohen Birkenfeld (Nahe) Ellenberg Gollenberg Rimsberg Schmißberg Elchweiler Niederhambach Niederbrombach Kronweiler Sonnenberg-Winnenberg Oberbrombach Rötsweiler-Nockenthal Wilzenberg-Hußweiler Saarland Landkreis Trier-Saarburg Landkreis Bernkastel-Wittlich Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis Landkreis Bad Kreuznach Landkreis Kuselmap
About this picture

Hottenbach is a municipality in the Birkenfeld district in Rhineland-Palatinate . It belongs to the Herrstein-Rhaunen community .

Geographical location

Hottenbach is located on the Ebesbach in the Hunsrück, southeast of the Idarwald . The Hottenbacher Mühlen residential area also belongs to Hottenbach.


The first traces of settlement can already be found in prehistoric times. In the Vierherrenwald, for example, a stone ax from the younger Stone Age (approx. 3500–1800 BC) was found. Most of the finds, however, date from Roman times . When the Hottenbach church was demolished (1903), Roman brickwork, sandstone blocks and underfloor heating (hypocaust system) were discovered, all of which indicate a villa rustica . On Langmes, not far from an old long-distance route from the Nahe to the Moselle, a burial ground with 60 to 70 pits was found. A small temple stood on the border with the Oberhosenbach district . Roman life probably ended with the Germanic storm in 275/76.

The present village is first mentioned in 1181 as Hattinbach . The name is derived from the personal name Hatto and is associated with the counts of the Hattons (756-843). The nucleus of the village were the two Fronhöfe below and above the church. They were owned by the Hunsrück noble family von Wiltberg , who also had local authority and church patronage.

In the 14th century, several sales led to a change of ownership of the farms, to which the landlord's rights were also bound. The village now had four lords: the Archbishop of Trier , the Wild and Rhine Counts , the Vordere Grafschaft Sponheim and the Cratz von Scharfenstein . After the Cratz von Scharfenstein became extinct in the male line in 1718, Kurtrier took over their share.

In the 18th century there were numerous emigrant families in Hottenbach. The emigrants' destinations were America, West and East Prussia and later Galicia.

Since 1794 Hottenbach was occupied by the French. On December 17, 1795, the place was sacked during fighting between French and Austrian troops. In 1800, the former sub-school Hottenbach was raised to the seat of a Mairie , which consisted of the villages Hottenbach, Hellertshausen , Asbach , Weiden , Schauren , Bruchweiler , Kempfeld , Breitenthal , Wickenrodt and Oberhosenbach .

After the transition to Prussia in 1815 was Hottenbach part of the mayoralty Rhaunen in the newly formed district Bernkastel , Trier . In 1867 the Hottenbach population reached its peak with 917 inhabitants. The closure of the nearby Asbach ironworks (1872), however, led to emigration to Saarland and to America in the next few years. During the Rhineland-Palatinate regional reform of 1969/70, Hottenbach and the Rhaunen community came to the Birkenfeld district .

Protestant church

Gothic fresco in the tower

It is an Art Nouveau church with a Romanesque door. It had several previous churches and was built on the ruins of a Roman villa rustica. In the tower there are early Gothic frescoes and a so-called Viergötterstein, which was discovered during the demolition work in 1903.

The church has a Stumm organ from 1782 , which was greatly modified in 1904 .

Jewish life

The settlement of so-called protective Jews in the Wild and Rhine Counties can be traced back to the 14th century, which also explains the relatively high proportion of Jews in some of the Hunsrück villages. Before 1700 the Jews of the Wildenburg office - over 20 families - lived exclusively in Hottenbach. When a new, liberal spirit moved in with the French, the Jews were allowed to build a synagogue in Hottenbach , which had a ritual bath and was also used as a Jewish elementary and religious school. There was also a separate cemetery outside of town. In 1808 116 Jewish men, women and children lived in Hottenbach. The village thus had the largest Jewish community in what is now the Birkenfeld district.

In 1880 the number of Jewish residents was over 17 percent of the Hottenbach population. Hottenbach and Stipshausen formed a common Jewish community . In 1875 the synagogue district also included the Jews in Bruchweiler, Sensweiler and Wirschweiler . The chief rabbi of Trier was in charge . At the end of the 19th century, many Jewish citizens emigrated to America or went to the Idar-Oberstein jewelry industry. When the Jewish community was dissolved in 1932, 16 Jews were still living in Hottenbach. On March 3, 1940, the last Jewish family managed to escape to the USA. The memorial book Victims of the Persecution of Jews under the National Socialist Tyranny in Germany 1933–1945 of the Federal Archives names 16 names of Jewish citizens who were either born in Hottenbach (14 people) or who lived there (two people) and fell victim to the Holocaust .

The former synagogue is now privately owned as a residential building. The Jewish cemetery is administered and maintained by the local community of Hottenbach.

Population development

The development of the population of Hottenbach, the values ​​from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:

year Residents
1815 605
1835 853
1871 854
1905 588
1939 597
1950 617
1961 646
year Residents
1970 667
1987 707
1997 710
2005 676
2011 614
2017 587
2019 575


Municipal council

The local council in Hottenbach consists of twelve council members who were elected in the local elections on May 26, 2019 in a majority vote and the honorary local mayor as chairman.


Hans-Joachim Brusius became the local mayor of Hottenbach on June 27, 2019. Since there was no candidate in the direct election on May 26, 2019, the new election of the mayor was incumbent on the council, which decided in favor of Brusius, in accordance with municipal regulations.

Brusius' predecessor as local mayor, Horst Kreischer, did not run for this office in 2019.

coat of arms

Hottenbach coat of arms
Blazon : “In a divided shield above in red a lowered silver bar covered with a silver figure with a black background, representing Mercury, on a silver stone; below in gold a growing blue armored and tongued red lion. "

Culture and sights

The landmark of the village is the historic Protestant church with its tower built around 1290, probably built on the ruins of an old Roman fort . Numerous finds prove this, such as B. the Roman four-god stone with the figures of Juno , Minerva , Hercules and Mercurius . The late Romanesque ceiling paintings with diverse Christian motifs, with Christ in the center, are unique for the Hunsrück . You are in the early Gothic vault of the east tower, the work of an anonymous master.

Another gem of the church is the organ from 1782, built by the famous Stumm family organ builders from neighboring Sulzbach .

The most important secular building is an elongated residential and administrative building built in 1792, which after 1797 - when the entire left bank of the Rhine fell to France - became the seat of a mayor's office (Mairie), to which eight villages belonged from 1800. Today the restored building is in private hands.

The KAFF initiative (“culture in the fields”) has brought many well-known artists, whether folk, rock, jazz or cabaret, to the Dahlheimer hall over the years.

See also: List of cultural monuments in Hottenbach

Economy and Infrastructure

The agricultural place with its gemstone and jewelry processing companies is a good starting point for hikes in the near and far, which is rich in sights of various kinds.

In Idar-Oberstein there is a train station on the Bingen – Saarbrücken line . In the north are the federal highway 50 and the Frankfurt-Hahn airport .


  • Albert Hackenberg (1852–1912), member of the Prussian state parliament and pastor in Hottenbach from 1879 to 1912


In 1800 Schinderhannes extorted protection money from all Hottenbach Jews .


  • Joachim Glatz: Hottenbach near Rhaunen in the Hunsrück (=  Rheinische Kunststätten . Volume 403 ). Neuss 1994.
  • Hilde Weirich: Jews in Hottenbach and Stipshausen. A search for clues . Ed .: Support group synagogue Laufersweiler. Laufersweiler 1998, DNB  957155565 .
  • Erik Zimmermann: The history of the Protestant communities Hottenbach and Stipshausen. A Hunsrück church chronicle (=  series of publications by the Association for Rhenish Church History . Volume 165 ). Habelt, Bonn 2004.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, municipalities, association communities ( help on this ).
  2. State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2020. S. 29 (PDF; 1 MB).
  3. Report and pictures at
  4. ^ Commemorative book of the Federal Archives
  5. State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate: My village, my city. Retrieved February 12, 2020 .
  6. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections.
  7. ^ The Regional Returning Officer of Rhineland-Palatinate: direct elections 2019. see Herrstein-Rhaunen, Verbandsgemeinde, 22nd line of results. Retrieved August 22, 2020 .
  8. Hottenbacher Council elects new community leadership. In: Our home. Linus Wittich Medien GmbH, edition 29/2019, accessed on August 22, 2020 .
  9. Ringstrasse in Hottenbach from the SWR Landesschau Rheinland-Pfalz accessed on July 29, 2014.
  10. ↑ Information board in the Schinderhannesturm, Simmern