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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the local community of Abentheuer
Map of Germany, position of the local community Abentheuer highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 39 '  N , 7 ° 6'  E

Basic data
State : Rhineland-Palatinate
County : Birch field
Association municipality : Birch field
Height : 421 m above sea level NHN
Area : 6.12 km 2
Residents: 432 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 71 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 55767
Area code : 06782
License plate : BIR
Community key : 07 1 34 001
Association administration address: Schneewiesenstrasse 21
55765 Birkenfeld
Website :
Mayoress : Andrea Thiel
Location of the local community Abentheuer in the Birkenfeld district
Horbruch Krummenau (Hunsrück) Weitersbach Gösenroth Schwerbach Oberkirn Hausen (Hunsrück) Rhaunen Stipshausen Hottenbach Hellertshausen Schauren Asbach Sulzbach (Hunsrück) Bollenbach Bundenbach Baumholder Frauenberg Reichenbach Heimbach Ruschberg Berglangenbach Fohren-Linden Berschweiler bei Baumholder Mettweiler Eckersweiler Rohrbach Rückweiler Hahnweiler Leitzweiler Sien Sienhachenbach Schmidthachenbach Oberreidenbach Mittelreidenbach Dickesbach Fischbach Bergen Berschweiler bei Kirn Hintertiefenbach Gerach Niederwörresbach Niederhosenbach Griebelschied Sonnschied Wickenrodt Herrstein Oberwörresbach Veitsrodt Herborn Mörschied Breitenthal Oberhosenbach Weiden Vollmersbach Kempfeld Kirschweiler Bruchweiler Allenbach Wirschweiler Langweiler (bei Idar-Oberstein) Idar-Oberstein Sensweiler Hettenrodt Mackenrodt Siesbach Leisel Schwollen Hattgenstein Oberhambach Rinzenberg Börfink Buhlenberg Abentheuer Brücken (bei Birkenfeld) Achtelsbach Meckenbach Ellweiler Dambach Gimbweiler Hoppstädten-Weiersbach Dienstweiler Nohen Birkenfeld (Nahe) Ellenberg Gollenberg Rimsberg Schmißberg Elchweiler Niederhambach Niederbrombach Kronweiler Sonnenberg-Winnenberg Oberbrombach Rötsweiler-Nockenthal Wilzenberg-Hußweiler Saarland Landkreis Trier-Saarburg Landkreis Bernkastel-Wittlich Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis Landkreis Bad Kreuznach Landkreis Kuselmap
About this picture

Abentheuer is a municipality in the Birkenfeld district in Rhineland-Palatinate . It belongs to the Birkenfeld community . Adventure is a state-approved resort .


The place is on the Traunbach in the Black Forest high forest in the Hunsrück . The Trauntalschleife, the award-winning hiking trail on the Saar-Hunsrück climb, starts on the outskirts . 71.5 percent of the district area is forested. To the north is Börfink , east Buhlenberg and south bridges . Abentheuer is a national park community in the Hunsrück-Hochwald National Park .

The Arthenberg and Hujetsägemühle residential areas are also part of the adventure .


At the beginning of the 20th century, Abentheuer grew out of the two formerly separate districts of Leyen and Abentheuer or Abentheuerhütte . Leyen , which was located in the southeast of today's town on the Traunbach, was first mentioned in 1367. The adventure to the north of it can be proven in 1580 at the earliest. Both places had different names until the 18th century.

The area of ​​today's municipality belonged to the county of Sponheim . The Traunbach acted as the border between the Hunolstein , from 1598 Zweibrückischen Amt Achtelsbach in the west and the Sponheimischen Amt Birkenfeld in the east. In the course of its history the place belonged either to the parish in Achtelsbach or the parish in Birkenfeld - today to the parish of Brücken .

From the middle of the 16th century, the processing of iron began in Abentheuer , initially from the pits in Buhlenberg and Elchweiler , later from Thalfang and Schwarzenbach . In 1763, after economic difficulties , the Abentheuerer Hütte became the property of the Stumm entrepreneurial family , who already had other smelters and hammer mills in the region. After this change, production in Abentheuer increased significantly, and since 1770 cast iron goods were mainly made from imported pig iron . In 1835 the Abentheuerer Hütte was bequeathed to the Böcking brothers . After 1870 operations were more and more restricted as a result of the transition from charcoal to coke blast furnace operation and from fresh fire to puddle furnace operation, and production was discontinued in 1875. The owners moved to the Halbergerhütte on the Saar .

In the late 17th century, the Hujetssägemühle settled in the wooded valley of the Traun to the east of the village . At the end of the 19th century it developed into a furniture factory with several production buildings, which was abandoned in the 1960s, and an inn that is no longer in operation today.

In 1797, the robber Johannes Bückler , who became known as Schinderhannes, committed a horse theft in Abentheuer .

Helene Kahn, née Marx, was born in Abentheuer in 1864. She lived in Abentheuer until she emigrated to France immediately after the so-called " seizure of power " by the National Socialists in 1933. Helene Kahn was deported from the Drancy assembly camp to Auschwitz on November 3, 1942 , and murdered. She is the only person of Jewish origin from Abentheuer who was deported and murdered by the Nazis.

Population development

The development of the population of Abentheuer, the values ​​from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:

Population development of Abentheuer from 1815 to 2017 according to the adjacent table
year Residents
1815 228
1835 450
1871 398
1905 339
1939 331
1950 390
1961 413
year Residents
1970 419
1987 398
1997 507
2005 470
2011 459
2017 430


Municipal council

The council in Abentheuer consists of eight council members, who in the local elections on May 26, 2019 in a majority vote were elected, and the honorary mayor as chairman.


The community had the following community leaders and mayors since 1857:

  1. Gustav Adolf Böcking (June 11, 1857 to October 31, 1891)
  2. von Hammerstein (April 25, 1892 to April 21, 1914)
  3. Wilhelm Antes (September 29, 1914 to August 13, 1919)
  4. Karl Mersch (August 13, 1919 to January 10, 1923)
  5. Kurt Böcking (February 25, 1923 to October 23, 1964, during his war deployment from April 25, 1940 to March 19, 1945 he was represented by Karl Mersch)
  6. Richard Spreier (December 4, 1964 to June 10, 1972)
  7. Günther Jörg (1926–2011), (incumbent from June 17, 1972 to August 17, 1999)
  8. Klaus Goldt (since August 17, 1999, last re-elected by the Council on July 15, 2014)
  9. Andrea Thiel

coat of arms

Abentheuer coat of arms
Blazon : "Over two rows of red and silver sheathed shield base in green, a conical silver casting crucible, accompanied by two inclined (inclined and counter-inclined) golden rye ears."

The coat of arms of the Abentheuer community was approved by the Rhineland-Palatinate Ministry of the Interior in 1965.


The list of cultural monuments in Abentheuer includes the cultural monuments entered in the list of monuments of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate. In addition, several trees and rock formations are designated as natural monuments in the municipality .

Economy and Infrastructure

The federal highway 41 runs in the east and the federal highway 62 in the south . In Neubrücke there is a train station on the Nahe Valley Railway .


Sons and daughters of the church

Carl Friedrich Stumm 1836

People connected to the place

  • Klaus Rüter (* 1940), former State Secretary of the State Government of Rhineland-Palatinate

Web links

Commons : Adventure  - collection of images

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
  2. a b State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
  3. State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2019 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 28 (PDF; 3 MB).
  4. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections