|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Birch field|
|Association municipality :||Birch field|
|Height :||421 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||6.12 km 2|
|Residents:||432 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||71 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||55767|
|Area code :||06782|
|License plate :||BIR|
|Community key :||07 1 34 001|
|LOCODE :||DE AB3|
|Association administration address:||Schneewiesenstrasse 21
|Mayoress :||Andrea Thiel|
|Location of the local community Abentheuer in the Birkenfeld district|
The place is on the Traunbach in the Black Forest high forest in the Hunsrück . The Trauntalschleife, the award-winning hiking trail on the Saar-Hunsrück climb, starts on the outskirts . 71.5 percent of the district area is forested. To the north is Börfink , east Buhlenberg and south bridges . Abentheuer is a national park community in the Hunsrück-Hochwald National Park .
The Arthenberg and Hujetsägemühle residential areas are also part of the adventure .
At the beginning of the 20th century, Abentheuer grew out of the two formerly separate districts of Leyen and Abentheuer or Abentheuerhütte . Leyen , which was located in the southeast of today's town on the Traunbach, was first mentioned in 1367. The adventure to the north of it can be proven in 1580 at the earliest. Both places had different names until the 18th century.
The area of today's municipality belonged to the county of Sponheim . The Traunbach acted as the border between the Hunolstein , from 1598 Zweibrückischen Amt Achtelsbach in the west and the Sponheimischen Amt Birkenfeld in the east. In the course of its history the place belonged either to the parish in Achtelsbach or the parish in Birkenfeld - today to the parish of Brücken .
From the middle of the 16th century, the processing of iron began in Abentheuer , initially from the pits in Buhlenberg and Elchweiler , later from Thalfang and Schwarzenbach . In 1763, after economic difficulties , the Abentheuerer Hütte became the property of the Stumm entrepreneurial family , who already had other smelters and hammer mills in the region. After this change, production in Abentheuer increased significantly, and since 1770 cast iron goods were mainly made from imported pig iron . In 1835 the Abentheuerer Hütte was bequeathed to the Böcking brothers . After 1870 operations were more and more restricted as a result of the transition from charcoal to coke blast furnace operation and from fresh fire to puddle furnace operation, and production was discontinued in 1875. The owners moved to the Halbergerhütte on the Saar .
In the late 17th century, the Hujetssägemühle settled in the wooded valley of the Traun to the east of the village . At the end of the 19th century it developed into a furniture factory with several production buildings, which was abandoned in the 1960s, and an inn that is no longer in operation today.
Helene Kahn, née Marx, was born in Abentheuer in 1864. She lived in Abentheuer until she emigrated to France immediately after the so-called " seizure of power " by the National Socialists in 1933. Helene Kahn was deported from the Drancy assembly camp to Auschwitz on November 3, 1942 , and murdered. She is the only person of Jewish origin from Abentheuer who was deported and murdered by the Nazis.
The development of the population of Abentheuer, the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
The community had the following community leaders and mayors since 1857:
- Gustav Adolf Böcking (June 11, 1857 to October 31, 1891)
- von Hammerstein (April 25, 1892 to April 21, 1914)
- Wilhelm Antes (September 29, 1914 to August 13, 1919)
- Karl Mersch (August 13, 1919 to January 10, 1923)
- Kurt Böcking (February 25, 1923 to October 23, 1964, during his war deployment from April 25, 1940 to March 19, 1945 he was represented by Karl Mersch)
- Richard Spreier (December 4, 1964 to June 10, 1972)
- Günther Jörg (1926–2011), (incumbent from June 17, 1972 to August 17, 1999)
- Klaus Goldt (since August 17, 1999, last re-elected by the Council on July 15, 2014)
- Andrea Thiel
coat of arms
|Blazon : "Over two rows of red and silver sheathed shield base in green, a conical silver casting crucible, accompanied by two inclined (inclined and counter-inclined) golden rye ears."|
The list of cultural monuments in Abentheuer includes the cultural monuments entered in the list of monuments of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate. In addition, several trees and rock formations are designated as natural monuments in the municipality .
Economy and Infrastructure
Sons and daughters of the church
- Friedrich Philipp Stumm (1751–1835), coal and steel entrepreneur
- Carl Friedrich Stumm (1798–1848), coal and steel entrepreneur
- Eduard Sigismund Böcking (1842–1916), industrialist
- Otto Braß (1887–1945), member of the Reichstag
People connected to the place
- Klaus Rüter (* 1940), former State Secretary of the State Government of Rhineland-Palatinate
- Local community Abentheuer on the website of the Verbandsgemeinde Birkenfeld
- Gonn Dach - dadd it was called the Indernedseid from da Hedd
- Literature on adventures in the Rhineland-Palatinate state bibliography
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate (ed.): Official directory of the municipalities and parts of the municipality. Status: January 2019 [ Version 2020 is available. ] . S. 28 (PDF; 3 MB).
- The Regional Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Local elections 2019, city and municipal council elections