Ferdinand Georg August of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld-Koháry

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Ferdinand I. Duke of Saxony Coburg and Gotha, lithograph by Josef Kriehuber , 1829

Ferdinand Georg August von Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld (born March 28, 1785 in Coburg ; † August 27, 1851 in Vienna ) was a prince of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld , founder of the House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha-Koháry and general of the cavalry in Austrian service, where he was officially listed as Duke Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha or Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha-Cohary . His eldest son Ferdinand became King of Portugal in 1837 and his grandson Ferdinand became King of Bulgaria in 1887 .


Ferdinand was the second son of Duke Franz Friedrich von Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld (1750-1806), from his marriage to Auguste (1757-1831), daughter of Count Heinrich XXIV. Reuss zu Ebersdorf . His brother Leopold became King of the Belgians in 1831, his sister Juliane was a Russian Grand Duchess and through his sister Victoire he was an uncle of the British Queen Victoria . His brother Ernst succeeded his father as Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld in 1806.

In 1791 he joined the Austrian military as a sub-lieutenant . Seven years later his great uncle Friedrich Josias appointed him Rittmeister in his dragoon regiment. Ferdinand fought in the battles of Eggmühl , Aspern and Wagram . He particularly distinguished himself in the battle of Kulm (under the name of a Count of Sorbenburg), for which he was awarded the Maria Theresa Order . Here he was also badly wounded, which was one of the causes of his death. On December 28, 1824 he was promoted to Lieutenant Field Marshal and on June 11, 1841 to General of the Cavalry , and from 1828 until his death he was the owner of the Imperial and Royal Hussar Regiment No. 8.

On January 2, 1816 he married in Vienna 's rich Princess Maria Antonie of Gabriele Koháry (1797-1862), daughter of the last prince of that name, and he was awarded in 1827 the Hungarian Indigenat . In order to be able to marry her, Ferdinand had converted to the Catholic faith and thus founded the Catholic line of the House of Saxe-Coburg . Ferdinand made the Palais Coburg in Vienna the headquarters of the house .

Ferdinand has his final resting place in the ducal mausoleum in the Coburg cemetery on Glockenberg .

In 1863 in Vienna Inner City (1st district) Coburgbastei named after him (the second part of the street name refers to the former Brown bastion near the Palais Coburg).


August, Viktoria, Leopold (lithograph by Josef Kriehuber , 1838)

Ferdinand had the following children from his marriage:

⚭ 1. 1836 Queen Maria II of Portugal (1819–1853)
⚭ 2. 1869 Elise Friederike Hensler (1836–1929), " Countess von Edla " 1869
⚭ 1843 Princess Clementine d'Orléans (1817–1907)
⚭ 1840 Louis d'Orléans, duc de Nemours (1814–1896)
⚭ 1861 Konstanze Geiger (1835–1890) " Freifrau von Ruttenstein " 1862


Web links

Commons : Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Edgar Hösch, Karl Nehring, Holm Sundhaussen, Konrad Clewing: Lexikon zur Geschichte Südosteuropas , UTB, 2004, p. 591.
  2. Military Schematism of the Austrian Empire, Vienna, kk Hof- und Staatsdruckerei 1840, p. 326
  3. ^ Newspaper for the German nobility, volume 1 (1840), p. 36, marriage; Births and deaths
  4. August Wilpert: Brief history of the catholic, so-called "Koháry" line of the ducal house of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Munich 1990, http://gateway-bayern.de/BV014584282
  5. ^ Harald Sandner: The House of Saxony-Coburg and Gotha 1826 to 2001; Documentation on the 175th anniversary of the parent company in words and pictures. Druck- und Verlagsanstalt Neue Presse, Coburg 2001, ISBN 3-00-008525-4 , p. 321.
predecessor Office successor
Ferenc József Koháry Majoratsherr of the Sachsen-Coburg-Koháry family
August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha