At the age of 13, Kriehuber was accepted into the drawing class of the Imperial Academy in Vienna. In 1818 he accompanied Prince Sanguszko to Poland as a drawing teacher . In 1821 he returned to Vienna. In order to raise money for studying at the academy and for a living, he became one of the hardest working lithographic employees of the Trentsensky publishing house. In 1826 his first portraits appeared using the new printing technique of lithography . Over the next few decades, Kriehuber became the most sought-after and best-paid portraitist in Vienna during the Biedermeier period . His success is probably due to the fact that he knew how to make men more important and women more beautiful than they really were.
With the advent of photography , Kriehuber's star sank. In 1860 he was the first artist in Austria to receive the Franz Joseph Order . The last years of his life were overshadowed by the lack of orders and poverty. He died on May 30, 1876 in his hometown. He found his final resting place, today an honorary grave , in the Vienna Central Cemetery (11-2-49).
Significant collections of his works can be found in the Albertina Collection of Graphics and the portrait collection of the Austrian National Library in Vienna. The Kriehubergasse in Vienna- Margareten has been named after him since 1889 .
His son was the draftsman and lithographer Fritz Kriehuber .
His work, a reflection of the Viennese society of this era, comprises around 3,000 portrait lithographs, as well as several hundred watercolors. You can hardly find a significant personality of this time who was not portrayed by Kriehuber. To name are u. a .:
- Elias Parish Alvars
- Ole Bull
- Carl Czerny
- Anton Diabelli
- Gaetano Donizetti
- Anton Dreher senior
- Fanny Elßler
- Stephan Ladislaus finite
- Emperor Franz I of Austria
- Carl von Ghega
- Franz Grillparzer
- Friedrich Halm
- Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall
- Friedrich Hebbel
- Carl Heissler
- Archduke Johann
- Archduke Karl Ludwig
- Therese Krones
- Franz Liszt
- Marie-Louise of Austria
- Ferdinand Maximilian of Austria
- Prince Wenzel von Metternich
- Giacomo Meyerbeer
- Johann Nestroy
- Niccolò Paganini
- Josef Radetzky
- Fritz Reuter
- Moritz Gottlieb sapphire
- Franz Schubert
- Robert Schumann
- Johann Kaspar von Seiller
- Ignaz von Seyfried
- Sophie of Austria
- Etelka Szapáry
- Wilhelm von Tegetthoff
- Sigismund Thalberg
- Caroline Unger
- Henri Vieuxtemps
- Leopold Welzl from Wellenheim
- Constantin von Wurzbach : Kriehuber, Joseph . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 13th part. Kaiserlich-Königliche Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Vienna 1865, pp. 219–231 ( digitized version ).
- Rudolf von Eitelberger von Edelberg: Collected art historical writings. Volume 1, Braumüller, Vienna 1879, p. 90.
- Karl Weiß: Kriehuber, Josef . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 17, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1883, p. 166 f.
- Josef Kriehuber . In: Hans Vollmer (Hrsg.): General lexicon of fine artists from antiquity to the present . Founded by Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker . tape 21 : Knip – Kruger . EA Seemann, Leipzig 1927, p. 535-536 .
- Wolfgang von Wurzbach: Catalog of the portrait lithographs of Josef Kriehuber. 2nd Edition. Walter Krieg Verlag, Vienna 1958.
- Schöny: Austrian Biographical Lexicon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Volume 4, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 1969, p. 273 f. (Direct links on , ). In:
- Peter Wirth : In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 13, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1982, ISBN 3-428-00194-X , p. 45 f. ( ).
- Selma Krasa: Josef Kriehuber 1800–1876: The portraitist of an era. Edition Christian Brandstätter, Vienna 1987.
- Entry on Josef Kriehuber in the Austria Forum (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
- Literature by and about Josef Kriehuber in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by Josef Kriehuber - Schleswig-Holstein Museum Portal
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Austrian lithographer and painter|
|DATE OF BIRTH||December 15, 1800|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Vienna|
|DATE OF DEATH||May 30, 1876|
|Place of death||Vienna|