Karl Ludwig of Austria

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Lithograph by Joseph Kriehuber 1862
Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria

Archduke Karl Ludwig Joseph Maria of Austria (born July 30, 1833 in Schönbrunn , then near Vienna ; † May 19, 1896 in Vienna) was the second younger brother of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria .


Karl Ludwig as a youth, 1848 Anton Einsle .

Karl Ludwig was the third son of Archduke Franz Karl after the later Emperor Franz Joseph I and the later Emperor Maximilian of Mexico . After the death of Emperor Maximilian of Mexico in 1867 he was the oldest living brother of Emperor Franz Joseph I and therefore - from the death of Crown Prince Rudolf in 1889 until his own death - heir to the throne. He was the father of Franz Ferdinand (heir to the throne 1896–1914) and Archduke Otto Franz Joseph , father of the last Emperor of Austria, Karl I.

Karl Ludwig's highest political function was that of the Imperial and Royal Governor in Tyrol . He was appointed by Franz Joseph I in 1855. In 1861 he gave up the office when the emperor with the February patent enacted an imperial constitution that subordinated the governor to the minister of the interior; He considered this inappropriate for a member of the ruling family.

His interest was more in art than politics and the military . He was the protector of several artists' associations and liked to give balls and charity events.

His mother, Archduchess Sophie , raised Karl Ludwig strictly Catholic and also chose his three wives. He increasingly suffered from religious madness and blessed passers-by from the carriage.

After the death of Crown Prince Rudolf in 1889, he was automatically heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy . Karl Ludwig died of an illness that he contracted on a trip to Egypt and Palestine when he drank (contaminated) Jordan water for religious reasons . There he visited his son Franz Ferdinand, who was curing his tuberculosis in Cairo .

Marriages and offspring

First marriage, 1856: Margarete von Sachsen (1840–1858) , daughter of Johann I , King of Saxony

Second marriage, 1862: Maria Annunziata (1842–1871), daughter of Ferdinand II , King of the Two Sicilies

Third marriage, 1873: Maria Theresa of Portugal (1855–1944), daughter of Michael I , King of Portugal.


Pedigree of Karl Ludwig of Austria

Franz I Stephan
⚭ 1736
Maria Theresia

Charles III of Spain
⚭ 1738
Maria Amalia of Saxony

Charles III of Spain
⚭ 1738
Maria Amalia of Saxony

Franz I Stephan
⚭ 1736
Maria Theresia

Christian III. von Pfalz-Zweibrücken
⚭ 1719
Karoline von Nassau-Saarbrücken

Joseph Karl von Pfalz-Sulzbach
⚭ 1717
Elisabeth Auguste Sofie von der Pfalz

Grand Duke
Karl Friedrich von Baden
⚭ 1751
Karoline Luise von Hessen-Darmstadt

Ludwig IX. von Hessen-Darmstadt
⚭ 1741
Henriette Karoline von Pfalz-Zweibrücken

Great grandparents

Emperor Leopold II
⚭ 1765
Maria Ludovica of Spain

King Ferdinand I
⚭ 1768
Maria Karolina of Austria

Friedrich Michael von Pfalz-Birkenfeld
⚭ 1746
Maria Franziska von Pfalz-Sulzbach

Karl Ludwig von Baden
⚭ 1774
Amalie von Hessen-Darmstadt


Emperor Franz II.
⚭ 1790
Maria Theresa of Naples-Sicily

King Maximilian I Joseph
⚭ 1797
Karoline Friederike Wilhelmine von Baden


Franz Karl of Austria
⚭ 1824
Sophie Friederike of Bavaria

Karl Ludwig of Austria

See also

Karl Ludwig House


Web links

Commons : Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Biography in the Austrian Biographical Lexicon of the Austrian Academy of Sciences
  2. ^ Friedrich Weissensteiner : Franz Ferdinand - The prevented ruler . Öst.Bundesverlag, 1983