Friedrich August Georg Ludwig Wilhelm Maximilian Karl Maria Nepomuk Baptist Xaver Cyriacus Romanus of Saxony (born August 8, 1832 in Pillnitz ; † October 15, 1904 there ) from the house of the Albertine Wettins was King of Saxony from 1902 to 1904 .
Georg was born as the third son of Prince Johann of Saxony and Princess Amalie of Bavaria . In 1849/50 he attended lectures at the University of Bonn for about six months . He served his military service from May 1852 to October 1853 in the garrison in Radeberg , first as a lieutenant , then as a captain . In 1854 his father became king, making him second in line to the throne after his brother. From 1855 until his accession to the throne, he was chairman of the Saxon Antiquities Association , which did a lot for the preservation of monuments. In the German War of 1866, Georg commanded the 1st Cavalry Brigade of the Saxon Army . In the Franco-Prussian War he first commanded the 1st Infantry Division No. 23 and from August 19, 1870, after his brother Crown Prince Albert had taken command of the Maas Army, the entire XII. (I. Royal Saxon) Army Corps . He was in command of this corps until March 29, 1900. Georg represented Saxony when Wilhelm I was proclaimed German Emperor (" Imperial Proclamation ") on January 18, 1871 in the Palace of Versailles . In 1888 he was appointed General Field Marshal of the Prussian Army as the second Saxon . In 1873, after the death of his father and his brother's accession to the throne, he moved to the first place in the line of succession.
On June 19, 1902, at the age of almost 70, Georg succeeded his deceased brother Albert on the throne of Saxony. During his reign of only two years, during which he was extremely unpopular because, unlike before in a similar situation, his grandfather Maximilian did not renounce the throne in favor of his son Friedrich August , the textile workers' strike took place in Crimmitschau . As a result of an influenza that he contracted in the spring of 1904, the king died on October 15, 1904 in Pillnitz. He was buried in the New Crypt of the Catholic Court Church.
- Marie Johanna (born June 19, 1860 in Dresden; † March 2, 1861, ibid)
- Elisabeth Albertine (born February 14, 1862 in Dresden; † May 18, 1863, ibid)
- Mathilde (1863-1933)
- Friedrich August III. , King of Saxony; (1865-1932)
- Maria Josepha (1867–1944) ⚭ Otto, Archduke of Austria
- Johann Georg (1869–1938)
- Maximilian (1870-1951)
- Albert (1875-1900)
|Pedigree of George of Saxony|
George of Saxony
- 1853: Honorary citizenship of the city of Radeberg
- 1871: Grand Cross of the Württemberg Military Merit Order
- Prince Georg Tower on the Ungerberg south of Neustadt in Saxony , 1885
- Prince Georg Tower on the Kuhberg near Stützengrün , 1894
- Georgsbrunnen in the small courtyard of the Dresden Residenzschloss , 1904
- Walter Fellmann: Saxony's Kings 1806–1918. Koehler & Amelang, Munich a. Berlin 2000, ISBN 3-7338-0233-0 .
- Otto Posse : The Wettins. Genealogy of the whole house. Zentralantiquariat Leipzig 1994, ISBN 3-7463-0171-8 (reprint of the original edition from 1897 with corrections and additions)
- Albert Herzog zu Sachsen : The Wettins in life pictures. Styria publishing house. Graz / Vienna / Cologne 1995. ISBN 3-222-12301-2 .
- Konrad Sturmhoefel : In King George's memory. An outline of his life. Baensch, Dresden 1905.
- Luise von Toscana : My life. Dresden 1991. ISBN 3-364-00225-8 .
- Hans Körner: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 6, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1964, ISBN 3-428-00187-7 , p. 227 f. ( ). In:
- Works by and about Georg in the German Digital Library
- Literature by and about Georg in the Saxon Bibliography
- Reiner Pommerin : Friedrich August Georg King of Saxony . In: Institute for Saxon History and Folklore (Ed.): Saxon Biography .
- Theodor Toeche-Mittler: The imperial proclamation in Versailles on January 18, 1871 with a directory of the festival participants. Ernst Siegfried Mittler and Son, Berlin 1896.
- H. Schnaebeli: photographs of the imperial proclamation in Versailles. Berlin 1871.
- Court and State Handbook of the Kingdom of Württemberg. 1901, p. 73.
King of Saxony
|Friedrich August III.|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Friedrich August Georg Ludwig Wilhelm Maximilian Karl Maria Nepomuk Baptist Xaver Cyriacus Romanus von Wettin|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||King of Saxony|
|DATE OF BIRTH||August 8, 1832|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Pillnitz|
|DATE OF DEATH||October 15, 1904|
|Place of death||Pillnitz|