Georg (Saxony)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
George of Saxony

Friedrich August Georg Ludwig Wilhelm Maximilian Karl Maria Nepomuk Baptist Xaver Cyriacus Romanus of Saxony (born August 8, 1832 in Pillnitz ; † October 15, 1904 there ) from the house of the Albertine Wettins was King of Saxony from 1902 to 1904 .


George as Prince (1883)
Portrait of King George on a 2-mark coin from 1903

Georg was born as the third son of Prince Johann of Saxony and Princess Amalie of Bavaria . In 1849/50 he attended lectures at the University of Bonn for about six months . He served his military service from May 1852 to October 1853 in the garrison in Radeberg , first as a lieutenant , then as a captain . In 1854 his father became king, making him second in line to the throne after his brother. From 1855 until his accession to the throne, he was chairman of the Saxon Antiquities Association , which did a lot for the preservation of monuments. In the German War of 1866, Georg commanded the 1st Cavalry Brigade of the Saxon Army . In the Franco-Prussian War he first commanded the 1st Infantry Division No. 23 and from August 19, 1870, after his brother Crown Prince Albert had taken command of the Maas Army, the entire XII. (I. Royal Saxon) Army Corps . He was in command of this corps until March 29, 1900. Georg represented Saxony when Wilhelm I was proclaimed German Emperor (" Imperial Proclamation ") on January 18, 1871 in the Palace of Versailles . In 1888 he was appointed General Field Marshal of the Prussian Army as the second Saxon . In 1873, after the death of his father and his brother's accession to the throne, he moved to the first place in the line of succession.

On June 19, 1902, at the age of almost 70, Georg succeeded his deceased brother Albert on the throne of Saxony. During his reign of only two years, during which he was extremely unpopular because, unlike before in a similar situation, his grandfather Maximilian did not renounce the throne in favor of his son Friedrich August , the textile workers' strike took place in Crimmitschau . As a result of an influenza that he contracted in the spring of 1904, the king died on October 15, 1904 in Pillnitz. He was buried in the New Crypt of the Catholic Court Church.


Georg married Infanta Maria Anna on May 11, 1859 in Lisbon , the daughter of the Portuguese royal couple Ferdinand II and Maria II. The marriage resulted in eight children:


Pedigree of George of Saxony

August III. (1696–1763)
⚭ 1719
Maria Josepha of Austria (1699–1757)

Charles VII (1697–1745)
⚭ 1722
Maria Amalia of Austria (1701–1756)

Philip of Parma (1720–1765)
⚭ 1738
Marie Louise Élisabeth de Bourbon (1727–1759)

Franz I Stephan (1708–1765)
⚭ 1736
Maria Theresia (1717–1780)

Christian III. von Pfalz-Zweibrücken (1674–1735)
⚭ 1719
Karoline von Nassau-Saarbrücken (1704–1774)

Joseph Karl von Pfalz-Sulzbach (1694–1729)
⚭ 1717
Elisabeth Auguste Sofie von der Pfalz (1693–1728)

Grand Duke
Karl Friedrich von Baden (1728–1811)
⚭ 1751
Karoline Luise von Hessen-Darmstadt (1723–1783)

Ludwig IX. (1719–1790)
⚭ 1741
Karoline von Pfalz-Zweibrücken (1721–1774)

Great grandparents

Elector Friedrich Christian of Saxony (1722–1763)
⚭ 1747
Maria Antonia of Bavaria (1724–1780)

Duke Ferdinand von Bourbon (1751–1802)
⚭ 1769
Maria Amalia of Austria (1746–1804)

Friedrich Michael von Pfalz-Birkenfeld (1724–1767)
⚭ 1746
Maria Franziska von Pfalz-Sulzbach (1724–1794)

Karl Ludwig von Baden (1755–1801)
⚭ 1774
Amalie von Hessen-Darmstadt (1754–1832)


Maximilian von Sachsen (1759–1838)
⚭ 1792
Caroline von Bourbon-Parma (1770–1804)

King Maximilian I Joseph (1756–1825)
⚭ 1797
Karoline von Baden (1776–1841)


King John of Saxony (1801–1873)
⚭ 1822
Amalie Auguste of Bavaria (1801–1877)

George of Saxony

Awards, honors

Medallion of Georg of Saxony at the Georgsbrunnen in the Dresden Residenzschloss


Web links

Commons : Georg (Sachsen)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Theodor Toeche-Mittler: The imperial proclamation in Versailles on January 18, 1871 with a directory of the festival participants. Ernst Siegfried Mittler and Son, Berlin 1896.
  2. H. Schnaebeli: photographs of the imperial proclamation in Versailles. Berlin 1871.
  3. ^ Court and State Handbook of the Kingdom of Württemberg. 1901, p. 73.
predecessor Office successor
Albert King of Saxony
Friedrich August III.