Louis d'Orléans, duc de Nemours

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Louis d'Orléans; Portrait of Franz Xaver Winterhalter

Louis Charles Philippe Raphael d'Orléans, duc de Nemours (born October 25, 1814 in the Palais Royal in Paris , † June 26, 1896 in Versailles ) was Duke of Nemours and a French lieutenant-général and général de division . The western Algerian coastal town of Nemours, which is now called Ghazaouet , was named in his honor .


The Duke of Nemours was the second son of the Duke of Orléans and later King of the French Louis-Philippe I and Maria Amalia of Naples-Sicily .

After his father had rejected the crown of Belgium offered to his son in 1831 out of consideration for the other powers, especially Great Britain , Louis took part in the two French expeditions to Belgium and in 1836 in Algeria in the crashed train against Constantine . In 1837 he commanded the siege corps of Constantine as brigadier general and was then appointed lieutenant-général.

After the death of his older brother Ferdinand Philippe in 1842, he quarreled with his widow about a possible regency council for his underage nephew. This measure seemed necessary because of the old age of King Louis-Philippe, but then no longer came to fruition.

Strict and cold in character, he was not very popular with the French. On February 24, 1848, he accompanied the Duchess of Orléans on her way to the Chamber of Deputies and then fled with his family via Boulogne to England , where he stayed until 1871. After that he lived in Paris.


From his marriage to Viktoria von Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld-Koháry , the daughter of Duke Ferdinand von Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha :

  1. Gaston (1842–1922) ⚭ October 15, 1864 Isabella of Brazil
  2. Ferdinand (1844–1910) ⚭ September 28, 1868 Sophie in Bavaria
  3. Marguerite (1848–1896) ⚭ January 15, 1872 Prince Władysław Czartoryski
  4. Blanche (1857-1932)

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