Ferdinand d'Orléans, duc d'Alençon

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Ferdinand d'Orléans, duc d'Alençon
Ferdinand d'Orléans, duc d'Alençon, 1861.

Ferdinand Philipp Marie Duke of Alençon (born July 12, 1844 in Neuilly-sur-Seine , † June 29, 1910 in Wimbledon ) was a member of the House of Orléans .


Ferdinand was born as the second son of the Duke of Nemours and his wife, the German-born Princess Viktoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld-Koháry , daughter of the Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld-Koháry . He was a grandson of the Citizen King Louis Philippe , who had been King of France since 1830 but lost the throne after the Republic was proclaimed in 1848. The Orléans family went into exile in England, where Ferdinand spent most of his childhood and youth. At the age of 13 he lost his mother, who died unexpectedly shortly after the birth of her fourth child.

Ferdinand married Duchess Sophie Charlotte in Bavaria on September 28, 1868 in the castle chapel of Possenhofen , who had been engaged to King Ludwig II of Bavaria for several months the year before . Sophie Charlotte was the youngest sister of Empress Elisabeth ( "Sisi") of Austria , which the Duke of Alencon in-law of Emperor I. Franz Joseph was. The marriage had two children:

When his wife wanted to divorce him at the beginning of 1887 in order to marry a bourgeois doctor, the Duke of Alençon advocated the admission of Sophie Charlotte to a sanatorium, saying that she suffered from " moral insanity ". In total, Duchess Sophie Charlotte von Alençon spent over seven months in the Maria Grün sanatorium of the psychiatrist Richard von Krafft-Ebing before she was released as "cured" and returned to her husband.

In 1890 Ferdinand bought Mentlberg Castle near Innsbruck, as he was an enthusiastic hunter who enjoyed staying in Tyrol. In 1905 he had the residence rebuilt in the style of the Loire castles. The Duke often stayed in Mentlberg with his wife Sophie. Its splendid furnishing style can still be seen today: In the Klo & So sanitary museum in Gmunden, there is a complete bathroom set with real gold plating from the castle. This was ordered from Bridarolli in 1905, but was never installed.


  • Erika bestereiner : Sisi and her siblings. Piper, 2003, ISBN 3-492-24006-2 .
  • Christian Sepp: Sophie Charlotte. Sisi's passionate sister. Munich: August Dreesbach Verlag 2014 [paperback edition: Munich 2015].

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Christian Sepp: Sophie Charlotte. Sisi's passionate sister. Munich 2014, pp. 163–170 and 193–198.