Wilhelm Truebner

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Self-Portrait with Hat (1902)

Heinrich Wilhelm Trübner (born February 3, 1851 in Heidelberg , † December 21, 1917 in Karlsruhe ) was a German painter who belonged to the so-called " Leibl Circle " around Wilhelm Leibl and stylistically to realism , naturalism and, in the late work, German impressionism followed.

Jetty on the Herreninsel in the Chiemsee , around 1894, oil on canvas, Kunsthalle Karlsruhe
Lady in Gray , oil on canvas, 1876, Folkwang Museum , Essen

life and work

View of Kronberg, 1896, from his time in Frankfurt

Wilhelm Trübner originally wanted to take up his father's profession and take over his goldsmith's workshop and therefore started training as a goldsmith after graduating from high school . In 1867 he met Anselm Feuerbach , who encouraged him to pursue a career as a visual artist, and also advocated this with Trübner's originally skeptical father. He received his first training as a painter at the Karlsruhe Art School from 1867 to 1868, where he studied with Rudolf Schick and Feodor Dietz . In 1868 he moved to the Munich Art Academy and continued his studies with Alexander Wagner . At the first international art exhibition in Munich he saw the paintings by Gustave Courbet and Wilhelm Leibl, which he was deeply impressed by. From 1867 until his death in 1917 he was a member of the Karlsruhe student union Landsmannschaft Suevia i. CC .

Trübner moved to Stuttgart to continue his studies there with Hans Canon . However, he returned to Munich in 1870 and became a pupil of Wilhelm von Diez . He met Albert Lang and Carl Schuch , with whom he painted the landscape around Lake Starnberg . During this time he got to know Leibl personally, who suggested that he make himself more independent from academic teaching. He then shared a painting studio in Munich with Lang and Hans Thoma and was closely connected to the "Leibl Circle".

In 1872 he made his first long trips abroad. The first trip was to Italy, and in the three years that followed, his travel destinations included Italy, Holland and Belgium. In 1875 he finally settled in Munich. After 1877 he began to paint mythological and literary subjects in a naturalistic manner. Among the artist colleagues with whom he exchanged particularly closely in the 1880s were, besides Thoma, especially Lovis Corinth , Max Slevogt and Max Liebermann . Like Thoma, Trübner was supported by commissions from the Frankfurt architect Simon Ravenstein . In 1889 the Gurlitt Gallery in Berlin organized an exhibition of his work.

After the exhibition, he returned to landscape painting . In 1895 he moved to Frankfurt to teach at the Städel Art Institute , where he was awarded the title of professor in 1898. His writings on art theory were published in 1892 and 1898. In 1900 he married his student Alice Auerbach (1874–1916) , in 1903 their son Jörg (1903–1930) was born. In 1901 he joined the Berlin Secession . From 1903 to 1917 he was a professor at the Karlsruhe Art Academy, where he also held the position of director from 1904 to 1910. From 1910 he was Hans Breinlinger's teacher there . In 1911 the local art association dedicated a large exhibition to him, which was followed by another exhibition by the Berlin Secession in 1913. Trübner was one of the signatories of the 93rd manifesto in 1914 .

Trübner himself owned an extensive art collection. Paintings by his colleagues Anselm Feuerbach, Hans Canon, Wilhelm Leibl, Carl Schuch, Hans Thoma and Theodor Alt formed a focus of the collection. Another focus was on old master paintings, in addition to old Dutch and old Italian masters also works by Lucas Cranach the Elder. Ä. whose "brittle painting style" appears to the art historian Eduard Plietzsch to be essentially related to Trübner. Finally, Trübner also collected works of art from the Far East and in 1909 was a lender for the exhibition “Japan and East Asia in Art”.

In 1917 he received a call to the Berlin Art Academy . Due to an illness, however, he was no longer able to accept his appointment. Wilhelm Trübner died of a heart condition in Karlsruhe that same year and was buried in the main cemetery there.

Wilhelm Trübner was a member of the board of the German Association of Artists .


In 1918 the Free Secession organized the memorial exhibition of Wilhelm Trübner and Götz von Seckendorff . Trübner's portrait as a gargoyle on the Stephanienbrunnen in Karlsruhe was created by Hermann Binz .

The Wilhelm-Trübner-Weg in Karlsruhe, the Trübnerstraße in Heidelberg- Handschuhsheim and the Wilhelm-Trübner-Straße in Hemsbach are named after him.

On the 100th anniversary of his death, the Heidelberg University Library is dedicating an exhibition to him entitled Pure Painting Between Impressionism and Abstraction Wilhelm Trübner (1851–1917).

Works (selection)

  • Ave Caesar, morituri te salutant (Berlin, National Gallery of the State Museums in Berlin - Prussian Cultural Heritage , Inv.No.A III 364)
  • Dismounted cuirassiers (Vienna, Österreichische Galerie Belvedere , Inv. No. 1831)
  • The Chamber Singer Theodor Reichmann (Vienna, Austrian Gallery, Inv.No. 3991)
  • Landwehr Officer (Vienna, Austrian Gallery, Inv. No. 1199)
  • Rose still life (Vienna, Austrian Gallery, inv. No.3666)
  • Wounded French soldier (Berlin, Deutsches Historisches Museum DHM , inv.no.Gm 95/61), 1871, oil on canvas, 92 × 102 cm
  • Christ in the Grave (Staatsgalerie Stuttgart), 1874, oil on canvas
  • Jetty on the Herreninsel in Chiemsee (Karlsruhe, Kunsthalle ), 1874, oil on canvas, 41 × 56 cm
  • Bacchus (Kiel, Kunsthalle ), 1874, oil on canvas, 93 × 79 cm
  • Buchenwald with lovers (Vienna, Austrian Gallery, Inv. No. 1688), 1876, oil on canvas, 55.5 × 46.5 cm
  • Standing Great Dane (Nuremberg, painting and sculpture collection of the city of Nuremberg , inv. No. Gm 0858, on loan from the Germanisches Nationalmuseum Nuremberg ), 1876, oil on canvas, 79 × 98 cm
  • Lady in Gray (Essen, Museum Folkwang ), 1876, oil on canvas, 106 × 93 cm
  • Portrait of a lady, Fräulein vW from Munich (Essen, Museum Folkwang), 1877, oil on canvas
  • The Artist's Dog (Vienna, Austrian Gallery), around 1878/79, oil on canvas
  • Portrait of the actor Josef Kainz (Bremen, Kunsthalle ), 1879
  • Equestrian portrait (Berlin, Hermann Nabel Collection), around 1880, oil on canvas
  • Vanitas Still Life with a Skull (Düsseldorf, Museum Kunstpalast ), around 1880, oil on canvas
  • In the studio (Nuremberg, the city of Nuremberg's collection of paintings and sculptures, inv. No. Gm 1714, on loan from the Germanisches Nationalmuseum), 1888, oil on canvas, 104 × 88 cm
  • Portrait of Alice Trübner (Freiburg, Augustinermuseum ), 1898, oil on canvas, 46 × 37 cm
  • Equestrian portrait of King Wilhelm II of Württemberg (Nuremberg, Collection of Paintings and Sculptures of the City of Nuremberg, Inv. No. Gm 0657), 1906, oil on canvas, 272 × 155 cm
  • Hemsbach Castle (Freiburg, Augustinermuseum), 1906, oil on canvas, 78.55 × 92.5 cm
  • Balcony room - interior of the Villa am Starnberger See (Nuremberg, painting and sculpture collection of the city of Nuremberg, inv. No. Gm 1025, on loan from the Germanic National Museum), 1912, oil on canvas, 61.5 × 76.5 cm



Web links

Commons : Wilhelm Trübner  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Wilhelm Trübner. Biography. Art Directory - the information portal for art and culture, accessed on November 22, 2015 .
  2. Fig. Art LXXVIII. Heinrich Wilhelm Trübner. In: We live as long as someone remembers us. Klaus Nerger, Wiesbaden, November 15, 2015, accessed on November 22, 2015 .
  3. Rudolph Lepke's Kunst-Auctions-Haus [Hrsg.]: Wilhelm Trübner estate: Auction (Volume 2): Paintings by old masters, tapestries, antique carpets and furniture: Auction: Wednesday, June 5, 1918 (Catalog No. 1806 C) , Berlin 1918.
  4. ^ Cäcilie and Oscar Graf: Directory of the collections and exhibitors. In: Japan and East Asia in Art. Munich 1909, p. 104.
  5. ^ Knerger.de: The grave of Wilhelm Trübner
  6. kuenstlerbund.de: Full members of the Deutscher Künstlerbund since it was founded in 1903 / Trübner, Wilhelm ( Memento of the original from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (accessed on November 23, 2015) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.kuenstlerbund.de
  7. Bacchus. In: Museums North: Networking Collections - Securing Culture. Museum Association Schleswig-Holstein and Hamburg e. V., Rendsburg, accessed on November 22, 2015 .