Fritz Gurlitt

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Friedrich Louis Moritz Anton "Fritz" Gurlitt (born October 3, 1854 in Vienna , † February 8, 1893 in Thonberg near Leipzig ) was a German art dealer .


Fritz Gurlitt was a son of the landscape painter Louis Gurlitt and his wife Elisabeth Gurlitt, née Lewald. In 1881 he married Annarella Imhof, (1856–1935) a daughter of the Swiss sculptor Heinrich Maximilian Imhof . From the marriage the daughters Angelina (1882–1962, wife of Sigmund von Weech ) and Margarete (1885–?) And the sons Wolfgang Gurlitt (1888–1965) and Manfred Gurlitt (1890–1972) emerged. Later, however, Manfred denied the paternity of Fritz Gurlitt and pretended to be the premarital son of Willi Waldecker, his mother's second husband. The Jewish origin of Elisabeth Lewald, Fritz Gurlitt's mother, apparently also played a role.

Gallery and art shop

In 1880 Gurlitt founded the “Fritz Gurlitt” gallery in Berlin . This gallery was located at Behrenstrasse 29 and specialized in contemporary art. The name of the business is controversial; probably the differently named shops were identical. An entry in the commercial register lists the "Fritz Gurlitt Art Dealer" as a limited liability company in 1926, but contemporary newspapers such as the Deutsche Reichsanzeiger used this term as an alternative to "Fritz Gurlitt Art Salon" during Gurlitt's lifetime.

Fritz Gurlitt sponsored Arnold Böcklin and Anselm Feuerbach , among others . In 1886 he was entrusted with the management of the "Jubilee Exhibition", the first "International Art Exhibition in Berlin". Theodor Fontane obtained his Böcklin knowledge in part from Fritz Gurlitt. In addition to Böcklin and Feuerbach, Wilhelm Leibl , Hans Thoma , Max Liebermann , Lesser Ury , Franz Skarbina and Clara Siewert were among the artists whose works Gurlitt made famous.

Even Paula Modersohn-Becker 1898 visited the gallery Gurlitt and be inspired there by works of Rippl-Ronai (group of "post-Impressionist").

After his death in 1893, the gallery was continued from the end of the First World War by his son Wolfgang Gurlitt (born 1888), who was able to keep it until 1943 and who also ran the Fritz Gurlitt publishing house. He also provided photo documentation of the collection, which included almost 1,500 works of art. The 18 × 24 negatives were transferred to the picture archive of the Philipps University of Marburg in 1937 . Wolfgang Gurlitt later ran his own gallery in Munich.

Exhibitions (selection)

In addition (selection):

Art collector

Fritz Gurlitt owned (at least temporarily) the following pictures:


  • Edwin Kuntz:  Gurlitt, Fritz. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 7, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1966, ISBN 3-428-00188-5 , p. 328 ( digitized version ).
  • Birgit Gropp: Studies on the Fritz Gurlitt art dealership in Berlin 1880–1943. Dissertation. Berlin 2000.
  • Auction catalog no. 1296 of the Rudolph Lepke Berlin auction house : paintings by the first modern masters, sculptures in marble and bronze: exclusively from the property of the Fritz Gurlitt company, Berlin; first auction day, Tuesday, March 11, 1902. Paintings and watercolors by the first new masters: including the estate of the rentier Herr Julius Protzen, Berlin; second auction day, Wednesday, March 12, 1902

Web links

Commons : Fritz Gurlitt  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. These places correspond to that specified in the New German Biography (→ literature ), notwithstanding, he was, according to the entry of his son Manfred in the Nazi era lexicon persecuted musicians born data referred (LexM) in Berlin and died in Probstheide at Leipzig (probably more Probstheida ).
  2. New German Biography (→ Literature )
  3. Gurlitt, Manfred. in the LexM. of the University of Hamburg
  4. ^ Search in the Reichsanzeiger at Mannheim University Library
  5. ^ Search at the Hamburg State and University Library
  6. ^ The modern art trade on the Spree and Rhine from 1850–1918. Year, p. 27.
  7. ^ The modern art trade on the Spree and Rhine from 1850–1918. P. 26.
  8. Liselotte von Reinken: Paula Modersohn-Becker, rororo-Bildmonographien, 1983, p. 27
  9. ^ Fritz and Wolfgang Gurlitt. In: German Documentation Center for Art History - Photo Archive Photo Marburg.
  10. picture and image. The photography collection of the painter Eduard Gaertner. Archived from the original on December 14, 2013 ; Retrieved December 15, 2013 .
  11. ^ Hanna Delf von Wolzüge, Helmuth Nürnberger : Theodor Fontane. At the end of the century. Volume 1, Königshausen & Neumann, 2000, ISBN 3-8260-1795-1 , p. 281 f.