Margaret of Italy

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Queen Margaret of Italy

Margarethe Maria Therese Johanna (Italian: Margherita Maria Teresa Giovanna di Savoia; born November 20, 1851 in Turin , † January 4, 1926 in Bordighera ) was Queen of Italy .

Origin, marriage, politics, interests

Margarethe was the daughter of Prince Ferdinand of Savoy , 1st Duke of Genoa (1822–1855) and the Saxon royal princess Elisabeth (1830–1912).

She married her cousin , then Crown Prince of Italy, Umberto I , in Turin on April 22, 1868 , who ascended the throne in 1878. She was the mother of the Crown Prince and later King Viktor Emanuel III. from Italy . Umberto I fell victim to an assassination attempt by an anarchist in 1900 . After his death, she lived in the Palazzo Margherita in Rome.

Margarethe was nationalist, conservative and anti-parliamentary and deeply religious. She supported the rise of Benito Mussolini . However, she refused Italy's entry into the war on the side of the Allies in 1914, probably because her mother was a German princess.

She was a generous patroness of the arts. The Italian poet Giosuè Carducci dedicated a well-known ode to her in 1878. In Gressoney , where she had the Castel Savoia castle built for her summer stays , she - a half-German - promoted the interests of the local German-speaking residents.

Margarethe showed great interest in aviation . In 1908 she traveled to France to watch the first flight demonstrations in Europe by Wilbur Wright at Le Mans , who was there as a guest of Léon Bollée . Around the same time, she donated an allegorical airship prize that featured a baroque balloon .

Margarethe was related to St. Elisabeth of Thuringia . Since she spent the last three years of her life in Marburg after her marriage to the Landgrave of Thuringia , the Italian queen visited the region in 1897. Since she liked the soldiers of the Marburg garrison who came to greet her and she informed Kaiser Wilhelm II of this , the German Emperor appointed the Italian Queen to head the 11 Prussian Jagerbataalion in Marburg, the former 11th Kurhessian Jäger Battalion . Since then, the Marburg hunters have worn the Italian crown and a capital M for "Margarethe" on their epaulets as a special sign of appreciation .


Web links

Commons : Margaret of Italy  - Collection of images

Individual evidence

  1. Margaret of Savoy (1851-1926), in: Anne Commire (Ed.): Women in World History, Vol. 10 (2001), p. 277.
  2. ^ Paul Zinsli : Walser Volkstum in Switzerland, Vorarlberg, Liechtenstein and Piedmont. Heritage, existence, essence. Huber, Fraufeld / Stuttgart 1968 (and several new editions), p. 280 f.
  3. Stanley W. Kandebo and Dawne Dewey: Wilbur Wright's Flights in France: Leon Bollee's Photographic Record 1908-1909. Editorial Review on , accessed September 24, 2017.
  4. An illustration of the price can be found in the book Wir Luftschiffer von Bröckelmann (Ullstein, Vienna 1909) on page 154.
predecessor Office Successor
Adelheid of Austria Queen of Italy
Elena of Montenegro