Roque Sáenz Peña

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Roque Sáenz Peña

Roque Sáenz Peña (born March 19, 1851 in Buenos Aires , † August 9, 1914 there ) was an Argentine lawyer and politician. He was President of Argentina from October 12, 1910 until his death on August 9, 1914 . His death is often attributed to syphilis . His father, Luis Sáenz Peña , was also president from 1892 to 1895.

Sáenz Peña is considered the father of democracy in Argentina. In 1912 he introduced free, equal and secret suffrage; the corresponding law became known as Ley Sáenz Peña . Vice-President Victorino de la Plaza succeeded him in office, losing the election two years later against Hipólito Yrigoyen from the opposition Unión Cívica Radical , which, taking advantage of the Sáenz-Peña electoral reforms, removed the oligarchy that had ruled until then.

Roque Sáenz Peña took part in the saltpeter war as a lieutenant colonel in the Peruvian army and was captured by the Chileans for six months after the Battle of Arica. In Lima , a monument was erected in his honor.

Sáenz Peñas son-in-law Carlos Saavedra Lamas , legal scholar and politician, mediated in the Chaco War between Bolivia and Paraguay and negotiated non-aggression pacts between various South American states. In 1936 he was the first Latin American to receive the Nobel Peace Prize.

The Avenida Presidente Roque Sáenz Peña in Buenos Aires as the Cape Sáenz at the Loubet coast of the West Antarctic Lands Graham bear his name.

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predecessor Office successor
José Figueroa Alcorta President of Argentina
Victorino de la Plaza