Anton Cyril Stojan
Anton Cyril Stojan (Czech: Antonín Cyril Stojan ; born May 22, 1851 in Beňov , Central Moravia ; † September 29, 1923 in Olomouc ) was Archbishop of Olomouc from 1921 to 1923 . Stojan was an important promoter of the Cyrillo-Methodian idea. For decades he worked for the unity of the Christian Church by actively advocating rapprochement between Catholics and Orthodox.
Stojan was the fifth of eight children from a poor village cobbler. In 1872 he passed the Abitur in Kremsier . He then studied at the theological faculty in Olomouc and was ordained a priest in 1876 by the Archbishop of Olomouc, Friedrich Egon von Fürstenberg . After a short activity in Štíty, he worked as a chaplain in Příbor for 11 years . 1888–1908 he was pastor in Dražovice . In 1896 he received his doctorate in theology. 1908–1917 he was provost of the collegiate chapter St. Mauritz in Kremsier, since 1917 he was a resident canon of the cathedral chapter in Olomouc. At the beginning of 1921 he was elected vicar capitular and in March of that year the Holy See made him Archbishop of Olomouc. Because of the poor relationship between the Czechoslovak government and the Vatican, the reoccupation of the Moravian archdiocese was associated with difficulties.
In addition to his work as a priest, Stojan was also politically active. In 1897 he became a member of the Vienna Imperial Council for the Czech clericals, two years later he was one of the founders of the Christian Social Party and became its member in the Moravian state parliament. After the establishment of Czechoslovakia , Stojan belonged to the first national assembly , obtained a mandate for the second parliamentary chamber in 1920 and was thus senator of the Czechoslovak Republic.
Stojan worked as an organizer and inspirer of numerous Catholic cultural and social institutions and associations in Moravia . His efforts in the area of popular education were particularly intense. He was also committed to the preservation of two important Moravian pilgrimage sites and cultural monuments: the Moravian holy mountain Hostýn and the former Cistercian monastery Velehrad . Stojan was one of the most important promoters of the Cyril and Methodist movement in Moravia, which sought a Catholicism with Czech and generally Slavic characteristics. The religious center of this movement was the Velehrad, which is said to have been the bishopric of Methodius during the Great Moravian Empire . In 1901 Stojan founded the Cyrillo-Methodian Cultural Fund to support the Catholic Czech school system and in 1907 a Cyrillo-Methodian printing and publishing company. Two years later he set up the Velehrad Academy, which, among other things, was supposed to promote theological exchange with Slavic Orthodoxy and published its own scientific journal. Finally, in 1916, a papal mission institute was built on Velehrad, which was supposed to work towards a reunification of the Orthodox Slavs with the Roman Church. Several conferences and congresses organized by Stojan as well as his diverse writing and journalistic activities were also directed towards this thought. As a canon and bishop, Stojan was also committed to improving the training of German priests in the Archdiocese of Olomouc .
The archbishop suffered a stroke on May 11, 1923, from the consequences of which he died a little later. He is buried in the basilica of the Velehrad monastery.
- P. Marek: Austrian Biographical Lexicon 1815–1950 (ÖBL). Volume 13, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 2007–2010, ISBN 978-3-7001-6963-5 , p. 304 f. (Direct links on , ). In:
- František Cinek: Arcibiskup Dr. Antonín Cyril Stojan, Život a dílo. Olomouc 1933.
- Bohumil Zlámal: Antonin Cyril Stojan: apostol kresťanské jednoty. Rome 1973.
- Josef Matzke : The Olomouc Archbishops. Esslingen 1978. 72-75.
- Franz Machilek: Welehrad and the Cyrill Method idea in the 19th and 20th centuries, in: Archive for Church History of Böhmen-Moravia-Schlesien 6, 1982, 156-183.
- Ludvík Nemec: Antonin Cyril Stojan, apostle of church unity. Human and spiritual profile. New Rochelle, NY 1983.
- Frantisek Vymětal: Apostol kresťanské lásky a jednoty církve. Život a dílo dr. Antonína Cyrila Stojana. Prague 1988.
- Antonín Šuránek: Světlo z Beňova. Olomouc 1994.
- Stanislav Glück (Ed.): Diener Gottes, Antonin Cyril Stojan, Archbishop of Olomouc (1921–1923) in the mirror of his parliamentary speeches. From the archive material zsgest. and provided with connecting texts by Stanislav Glück. Regensburg 1975.
- Ivan Hlaváček : Anton Cyril Stojan. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 10, Bautz, Herzberg 1995, ISBN 3-88309-062-X , Sp. 1526-1527.
- Literature and other media by and about Anton Cyril Stojan in the catalog of the National Library of the Czech Republic
- Website of the Stojan House on Velehrad in Czech. The retreat and retreat house named after the Olomouc bishop also provides information on its website about the ideas and work of Stojan.
- Entry on Anton Cyril Stojan on catholic-hierarchy.org
- Promulgazione di Decreti della Congregazione delle Cause dei Santi. In: Daily Bulletin. Holy See Press Office , June 14, 2016, accessed June 14, 2016 (Italian).
|Leo Skrbenský from Hříště||
Archbishop of Olomouc
|SURNAME||Stojan, Anton Cyril|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Stojan, Antonín Cyril|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Archbishop of Olomouc|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 22, 1851|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Beňov , Central Moravia|
|DATE OF DEATH||September 29, 1923|
|Place of death||Olomouc|