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Plan of the Battle of Friedlingen (France - yellow; Reichsheer - red);  the sketch does not face north;  North is right
The battle of friedlingen in the War of Spanish Succession is a draw.
Queen Anne in 1702
After the death of her brother-in-law William of Orange, Anne becomes the
last Queen of England
from the House of Stuart .
The Battle of Vigo Bay, by Ludolf Bakhuizen, painted around 1702
In the naval battle of Vigo , an Anglo-Dutch fleet defeats Spanish-French ships.
1702 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1150/51 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1694/95 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1107/08 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2245/46 (southern Buddhism); 2244/45 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 73rd (74th) cycle

Year of the water horse壬午 ( at the beginning of the year metal snake 辛巳)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1064/65 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4035/36 (October 2-3)
Iranian calendar 1080/81
Islamic calendar 1113/14 (turn of the year 27/28 May)
Jewish calendar 5462/63 (22/23 September)
Coptic calendar 1418/19 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 877/878
Seleucid era Babylon: 2012/13 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2013/14 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1758/59 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Great Northern War

Battle of Klissow
  • July 19 : In the Battle of Klissow , the outnumbered Swedes win under King Charles XII. against the Saxon-Polish army under Augustus the Strong . 2,000 Saxons are killed or injured, and more than 1,000 are captured by Sweden. 900 soldiers are killed or injured on the Swedish side. The Swedes captured the entire Saxon artillery and the entire entourage with August's field treasury with 150,000 Reichstalers and his silver dishes.
  • July 19 : The Russians win decisive victories against the Swedes in Livonia, numbering around 6,000 men, in the battles at Hummelshof (or Hummelsdorf), near Dorpat and Marienburg in Livonia, in which, according to Swedish information, 840 dead and 1,000 prisoners in the battle itself and another 1000 Swedes are to be complained about during the subsequent persecution.
  • July 31 : Due to August II's quick retreat via Sandomierz to Thorn, Charles XII. Occupy Krakow three weeks after the Battle of Klissow. After this defeat, the King of Poland and Elector of Saxony August II again offered the Swedes peace negotiations.
  • August: Arvid Axel Mardefelt takes over the management of the Swedish army operations in western Poland.
Assault of the Russian troops on Nöteburg, painting by Alexander von Kotzebue , 1846
  • August II holds another Polish Reichstag in Thorn , at which 100,000 men were promised to him. In order to raise the money for this, August II traveled to Dresden in December .

England, Scotland and Ireland

War of the Spanish Succession

Siege of Kaiserswerth (plan facing west)
Plan of the battle of Luzzara
The battle in the bay of Vigo, Ludolf Bakhuizen

Holy Roman Empire

Anton Ulrich von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel




  • December 14 : In revenge for the death of their prince Asano, 47 ronin break into the house of the Japanese shogunate official Kira Yoshihisa in Edo and kill him and his male followers.


First edition of The Daily Courant
Beichling medal thaler

science and technology

Messier 5



  • The travel diary Oku no Hosomichi by the Japanese poet Matsuo Bashō is printed for the first time in Kyoto. The author describes a 156 day journey from Edo to its northern hinterland. The diary as a whole follows the literary form of renga .

Music and theater

Title page of the libretto



Uppsala fire
  • 15 / May 16 : A major fire ravaged the Swedish city of Uppsala . The fire devastated almost the whole city. The cathedral , the castle and most of the university buildings with the exception of the Gustavianum are damaged. Not only is the material damage enormous, cultural values ​​are also being destroyed by flames. It takes decades for the city to recover from the disaster.


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Joseph Friedrich of Saxony-Hildburghausen

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1702


First half of the year

William III. of Orange, later King of England, Scotland and Ireland, in 1677

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1702  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files