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River course

River course

location Leningrad Oblast , Saint Petersburg ( Russia )
River system Neva
source Lake Ladoga
60 ° 48 ′ 58 ″  N , 31 ° 31 ′ 41 ″  E
Source height 4  m above sea level Baltic Sea
muzzle near Saint Petersburg in the Baltic Sea coordinates: 59 ° 56 ′ 43 ″  N , 30 ° 10 ′ 15 ″  E 59 ° 56 ′ 43 ″  N , 30 ° 10 ′ 15 ″  E
Mouth height 0  m above sea level Baltic Sea
Height difference 4 m
Bottom slope 0.05 ‰
length 74 km
Catchment area 281,000 km²
Drain MQ
2500 m³ / s
Left tributaries Moika
Big cities St. Petersburg
Medium-sized cities Kirovsk , Otradnoye
Small towns Key castle
Navigable 74 km
The Neva in Saint Petersburg

The Neva in Saint Petersburg

The Neva ( Russian: Нева ) is a 74 km long river in Russia that flows from Lake Ladoga into the Neva Bay of the Baltic Sea . It crosses Saint Petersburg .


The Neva river system gets its name from the last 74 kilometers of the river, but drains a very large catchment area via the two large tributaries of Lake Ladoga ( Volkhov and Swir ). The average water runoff of the Neva of around 2500 m³ / s is only slightly lower than the average water runoff of the Rhine .

The most important river arms in the Neva Delta are the Great and Small Neva and the Great, Middle and Small Nevka.

The main waterways of the Neva Delta
Surname region Length, km
Great Neva (Bolshaya Neva) from the Fontanka estuary to the Blagoveshchensky bridge 2.40
From the Blagoveshchensky Bridge to the Castle Bridge 1.22
Little Neva (Malaya Neva) 4.85
Jekateringofka 3.60
Zhdanovka 2.20
Smolenka 3.30
Great Newka (Bolshaya Newka) from the Neva to the Little Nevka 3.70
from the Little Newka to the Middle Newka 2.05
From the Middle Newka to the Neva Bay 2.15
Middle Nevka (Srednjaja Newka) 2.60
Little Newka (Malaja Newka) 4.90
Karpovka 3.00
Krestovka 0.74
Fontanka 6.70
Moika 4.67
Griboyedov Canal 5.00
Prjashka 1.32
Kryukov Canal 1.15
Obvodny Canal 8.08

There are shipping connections to the White Sea , Volga , Caspian Sea , Azov Sea and Black Sea via various canals and waterways .


The bridges (road bridges, unless otherwise stated) over the Neva main fairway (Neva and the Great Neva estuary) are, in the direction of flow:

The first two bridges are located in the area of Leningrad Oblast , the Great Obukhovsky Bridge on the city limits of Saint Petersburg, the rest in the urban area. Before the confluence of the Great Neva, the Neva Bay is crossed by a cable-stayed bridge during the Sapadny skorostnoi diametr expressway, which was completed in 2016 ; likewise the other mouth arms in the mouth area into the bay (from north to south Great Newka, Little Neva, the Sea Canal and Jekaterinowka), while the Smolenka is crossed by a tunnel.

During the night between 2 and 5 a.m. in Saint Petersburg, the Neva road bridges are opened, after which there is no longer any connection between numerous parts of the city. During the White Nights from the end of June to mid-July, the passage of the ship convoys is a spectacle that thousands of people watch despite the sleep time.

See also

Web links

Commons : Newa  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b State Water Register of the Russian Federation - Река НЕВА
  2. N. Razumichin: Leningrad. Istoriko-geografičeskij atlas . GUGK, Moscow 1981, p. 57 .
  3. Hermann Boskoschny (ed.): Russia. Country and people . Leipzig 1882, p. 4th f . ( online ).