Calendar overview 1687
battle of Mohács , an imperial army defeats
the Ottomans .
becomes King of Hungary .
Isaac Newton's major work
Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica appears.
|1687 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1135/36 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1679/80 (turn of the year 11/12 September)|
|Bengali solar calendar||1092/93 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2230/31 (southern Buddhism); 2229/30 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||73rd (74th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||1049/50 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||4020/21 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1098/99 (turn of the year 6/7 November)|
|Jewish calendar||5447/48 (September 7/8)|
|Coptic calendar||1403/04 (September 11-12)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1997/98 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1998/99 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1743/44 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Great Turkish War
- May: The first of the two Crimean campaigns of the Russian army under Vasily Vasilyevich Golitsyn against the Ottoman Empire begins from the left bank of Ukraine . However, the Crimean Tatars set fire to the steppe, making it impossible for the Russians to advance, who will soon have to retreat again.
- August 12 : In the Battle of Mohács , the Austrians under Charles V of Lorraine decisively defeat the Ottomans in the Great Turkish War . Sultan Mehmed IV is subsequently ousted by court intrigue, and his brother Suleyman II ascends the throne. When he is approached to inform him of his accession to the throne after spending the last 20 years in captivity at the palace, his first reaction is a fear that the delegation had come to kill him on his brother's behalf.
- September 26 : The Parthenon is partially destroyed during a siege of the Athens Acropolis by the Venetian army under Francesco Morosini .
- December 9 : The Habsburgs I. Joseph is at the age of nine years during the lifetime of his father Leopold I to King of Hungary crowned.
Other events in Europe
- March 5 to September 12 : In Eperjes (Slovak Prešov in today's Slovakia , then part of Hungary as Upper Hungary ) a group of 24 Protestant citizens of the city, the so-called martyrs of Eperjes , is executed in the course of the Counter-Reformation .
- December 31 : The first Huguenots to emigrate from France because of the Huguenot persecution there and the Edict of Fontainebleau leave the Netherlands on the Voorschotten ship for the Cape Colony at the Cape of Good Hope .
- September: After eight months of siege, the Golkonda fortress is captured by bribery from Mughal Aurangzeb . Sultan Abul Hasan Qutb Shah is captured and the Deccan sultanate of Golkonda is annexed to the Mughal Empire .
- March 19 : The French explorer René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle , is murdered by his own people in what is now Texas.
- German currency history before 1871 : In Kurbrandenburg , the Leipzig foot is set as the coin footing for silver coins . It replaces the Zinna coin foot .
science and technology
- July 5th : Isaac Newton's main work Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica ( Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy ) appears, in which he formulates Newton's three laws of classical mechanics , the principle of inertia , the principle of action and the principle of interaction . Edmond Halley initiated and financed the work.
- July 18 : The Dukes Rudolph August and Anton Ulrich von Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel found the Rudolph-Antoniana Knight Academy in Wolfenbüttel .
- The Antonianum grammar school in Geseke in the Duchy of Westphalia is founded with five teachers and ten students .
- Andreas Kieser gives up work on the Kieser forest map .
- January 8th : Jean-Baptiste Lully rams the baton into his foot while conducting a current version of his Te Deum, composed in 1678 on the occasion of King Louis XIV's recovery from a serious illness . It develops gangrene , and because he refuses a toe amputated to let the French composer died on 22 March at his injury.
- June 24th : On Midsummer Day, the Falun mine in Sweden collapses without harming people.
- September 5 : A group of 137 French refugees ( Huguenots ) sailed on the Aare in the direction of Lyss in two boats tied together . The drunken shipmen steer the willows between Aarberg and Lyss onto a tree trunk. The ships capsize and 111 people drown. This is one of the greatest shipping disasters that Switzerland has ever experienced.
First half of the year
- March 14 : Johann Christian Schöttgen , German pedagogue, historian and lexicographer († 1751 )
- March 18 : Christof Heinrich von Berger , German lawyer († 1737 )
- April 30th : Pedro Cebrián y Agustín , Spanish officer, diplomat and colonial administrator, Viceroy of New Spain († 1752 )
- May 3 : Johann Balthasar Bernhold , German Protestant clergyman and university professor († 1769 )
- May 24th : Johann Gottfried Borlach , electoral Saxon mountain ridge († 1768 )
- May 31 : Friedemann Andreas Zülich , German Protestant clergyman and university professor († 1748 )
- June 9 : Heinrich Johann Friedrich Ostermann , Russian diplomat and statesman († 1747 )
- June 20 : Giovanni Battista Pittoni , Venetian painter and draftsman († 1767 )
- June 22nd : Jacopo Appiani , Italian plasterer († 1742 )
- June 24 : Johann Albrecht Bengel , German theologian († 1752 )
Second half of the year
- 4th August : Johann Wilhelm Friso , Prince of Nassau-Dietz, governor of Friesland, Groningen and Drenthe († 1711 )
- August 8 : Johann Henrich von Seelen , German Lutheran theologian and pedagogue († 1762 )
- August 26 : Willem de Fesch , Dutch violinist and composer († 1757 )
- August 27 : Giuseppe Simone Assemani , Arab orientalist († 1768 )
- October 12 : Silvius Leopold Weiss , German lutenist and composer († 1750 )
- October 22 : Anton Ulrich , Duke of Saxe-Meiningen († 1763 )
- November 4 : Catharina Christina von Ahlefeldt , Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein-Glücksburg († 1726 )
- November 28 : Erdmann Rudolf Fischer , German Lutheran theologian († 1776 )
- December 5 : Francesco Geminiani , Italian composer and violinist († 1762 )
- December 9 : Johann Adam Delsenbach , German engraver († 1765 )
- December 9th : Antonio Ferrante Gonzaga , Duke of Guastalla († 1729 )
- December 26th : Johann Georg Pisendel , German violin virtuoso († 1755 )
Exact date of birth unknown
First half of the year
- January 14th : Othmar Appenzeller , Swiss Mayor (* 1610 )
- January 28 : Johannes Hevelius , Danzig astronomer (* 1611 )
- February 4th : François de Créquy , Marquis de Marines, Marshal of France (* 1629 )
- February 11th : Thomas Billeb , German lawyer, administrative officer and Graflich-Schwarzburgischer-Amtmann zu Großbodungen (* approx. 1617)
- February 13 : Charles III. de Blanchefort, duc de Créquy , French general and diplomat (* 1623 )
- February 15 : Matthäus Merian the Younger , German painter, engraver and publisher (* 1621 )
- February 28 : Malatyalı Süleyman Pascha , Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire (* 1607 )
- March 19 : Robert Cavelier de La Salle , French explorer (murdered) (* 1643 )
- March 20 : Magdalena Sibylle of Brandenburg-Bayreuth , Electress of Saxony (* 1612 )
- March 22nd : Jean-Baptiste Lully , French composer of Italian descent (* 1632 )
- March 28 : Constantijn Huygens , poet from the Netherlands (* 1596 )
- April 5 : Josua Arnd , German theologian, historian and hymn poet (* 1626 )
- April 17th : George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham , English diplomat (* 1628 )
- April 25 : János Kájoni , Romanian Franciscan, composer, organ builder and printer (* 1629 )
- April 25 : Gilberte Périer , sister and biographer Blaise Pascals (* 1620 )
- April 30th : Ernst Gottlieb von Börstel , Brandenburg War Council and Governor of Magdeburg (* 1630 )
- May 18 : Claude de Vin des Œillets , mistress of Louis XIV (* 1637 )
- May 24th : Otto von Grote , German civil servant, member of the "Fruit Bringing Society" (* 1620 )
- May 26 : Hans Joachim Haltmeyer , Swiss pharmacist and mayor of St. Gallen (* 1614 )
Second half of the year
- August 17 : Adam Tribbechov , German Protestant theologian, historian and ethnologist (* 1641 )
- August 26 : Johann Christoph Freiherr Adelmann von Adelmannsfelden , provost of the prince provost of Ellwangen (* 1640 )
- September 19 : Johannes Colberg , German Lutheran theologian (* 1623 )
- September 28th : Francesco della Torre , royal Prague stonemason master (* 1627 )
- September 28 : François Turrettini , Swiss Reformed theologian (* 1623 )
- October 14 : Sarı Suleyman Pasha , Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
- October 21 : Edmund Waller , English poet and politician (* 1606 )
- October 24th : Marie Euphrosine of Pfalz-Zweibrücken-Kleeburg , Countess de La Gardie (* 1625 )
- November 14th : Nell Gwyn , ("Pretty witty Nell"), English actress and mistress of King Charles II of England (* 1650 or 1651 )
- November 25th : Rajasingha II. , King of the Sinhalese Kingdom of Kandy (* 1608 )
- December 16 : William Petty , British physicist and economist (* 1623 )
- December 30th : Bernhard Schultze , German legal scholar and camerawoman (* 1622 )