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Heads of State · Nekrolog · Music Year

Procession of Maria Theresa at Wiener Graben on November 22nd to St. Stephen's Cathedral
Maria Theresa becomes Archduchess of Austria
and Queen of Hungary . The female line of succession after Charles VI.
triggers the Austrian War of Succession .
Frederick the Great as Crown Prince around 1740
Frederick the Great
becomes King of Prussia .
Pope Benedict XIV.
Benedict XIV
is elected Pope .
1740 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1188/89 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1732/33 (September 10-11)
Bengali solar calendar 1145/46 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2283/84 (southern Buddhism); 2282/83 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 73rd (74th) cycle

Year of the metal monkey庚申 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Sheep 己未)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1102/03 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4073/74 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1118/19 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1152/53 (turn of the year March 28/29)
Jewish calendar 5500/01 (September 21-22)
Coptic calendar 1456/57 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 915/916
Seleucid era Babylon: 2050/51 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2051/52 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1796/97 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

Holy Roman Empire

Maria Theresa around 1740


  • October 17th : After the death of the Russian Empress Anna , her great-nephew, who was only born in August, is named Ivan VI. appointed emperor under the reign. The death of the empress caused turmoil, which was only overcome in 1741 with the accession of the empress Elisabeth Petrovna to the throne .
Portrait of Anna Leopoldownas by Louis Caravaque , 1740

Other events in Europe

Cardinal Alberoni


Chinese prisoners are murdered


  • In the wake of the Stono Rebellion , a new slave law is passed in South Carolina , the content of which is based on the slave law of Barbados and which is known as the Negro Act . The rights of the slaves are further restricted. The killing of a slave by a white man is now only considered an offenseclassified, which is only punished with a fine. Slaves who prepare a rebellion or a community escape can be punished with death. The law regulates the everyday life of slaves down to the last detail. B. what clothes they are allowed to wear. The slaves are also completely deprived of their freedom of assembly and the right to learn to read and write. Until the abolition of slavery in 1865 , the law remained largely unchanged.
  • A Yaqui uprising begins in Mexico , which in the long term leads to the end of the Jesuit mission .


science and technology

Title page of the Anti-Machiavel



Music and theater

Title page of the libretto from 1740
Title page of the Viennese libretto


Pour le Mérite



Over 30,000 people die in a plague epidemic in Messina .

nature and environment

The winter of 1740/41 is unusually severe. In Connecticut, America, rivers are frozen until mid-April. In Europe, the Seine and Lake Constance freeze over. In Ireland it comes in conjunction with a drought in the spring to a famine .

Historical maps and views

Map of Paris 1740


First quarter

Second quarter

Portrait of the Marquis de Sade

Third quarter

Ivan VI with his mother

Fourth Quarter

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1740


First quarter

Second quarter

Friedrich Wilhelm I of Prussia, around 1733

Third quarter

Fourth Quarter

Tomb of Charles VI in the Capuchin Crypt

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1740  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files

Individual evidence

  1. Winter chills: 1947 and 1963. The coldest winter since 1740. In: www.metoffice.gov.uk. Met Office, archived from the original on May 16, 2008 ; accessed on July 3, 2013 .
  2. http://sharpgary.org/1739-1816.html