Joseph Leonz Andermatt

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Joseph Leonz Andermatt (born May 5, 1740 in Baar , Switzerland ; † November 2, 1817 there ) was a Swiss military and politician. In 1801 Andermatt was appointed General of the Helvetic Republic .


Joseph Andermatt comes from a family of the Zug aristocracy. In 1758 he entered the French military service and rose to the rank of captain in 1769 after participating in the Seven Years War and a five-year service in Spain. In 1790, the Andermatt regiment put down an uprising in Nancy , for which he was knighted of the Order of Saint Ludwig. After the storming of the Tuileries in 1792 he returned to Zug and in the following year entered the service of Sardinia-Piedmont with the rank of lieutenant colonel . During the First Coalition War he rose to colonel in 1796, but refused to fight for France against Austria, which is why he returned to Zug in the spring of 1798. There he first led the cantonal militia against the French, but soon switched to the revolutionary camp. In 1799 he fought as a brigadier in the Helvetic Legion in the Second Coalition War .

In 1801 Andermatt moved from the military to the administration and became commissioner of the Helvetic Republic in the canton of Raetia . In October 1801 he took part in the federal coup and after its success was appointed General of the Helvetic Republic and Senator of the Canton of Zug. In 1802, Andermatt switched back to the political camp of the Unitarians and supported the Unitarian counter-coup in April 1802. On behalf of the Unitarian government, Andermatt led the Swiss troops against the rebellious cantons of Central Switzerland and Zurich in the summer / autumn of 1802. His hesitant strategy is considered to be partly responsible for the outbreak of the plug-in war .

After Napoleon's intervention, Andermatt represented the canton of Zug in the Helvetic Konsulta in Paris , but did not hold any public office after his return.

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