Plug-in war

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Plug-in war
Death of Lieutenant Rudolf von Werdt in the Stecklikkrieg, pen drawing by Karl Ludwig Zehender (1751-1814)
Death of Lieutenant Rudolf von Werdt in the Stecklikkrieg, pen drawing by Karl Ludwig Zehender (1751-1814)
date August 1802 to October 1802
place Switzerland
output Military victory of the insurgents
consequences Overthrow of the Helvetic Republic , renewed military occupation by France in October 1802
Peace treaty Introduction of the mediation act dictated by Napoleon on March 10, 1803
Parties to the conflict

Flag of the Helvetic Republic (French) .svg Helvetic Republic

Federalists from the cantons Uri Schwyz Obwalden Nidwalden Glarus City of Zurich Bern Aargau Solothurn Appenzell Ausserrhoden Appenzell Innerrhoden
Uri coat of arms matt.svg
Coat of arms of the canton Schwyz.svg
Coat of arms Obwalden matt.svg
Coat of arms Nidwalden matt.svg
Coat of arms Glarus matt.svg
Zurich coat of arms matt.svg
Coat of arms Bern matt.svg
Aargau coat of arms matt.svg
Coat of arms Solothurn matt.svg
Coat of arms Appenzell Ausserrhoden matt.svg
Coat of arms Appenzell Innerrhoden matt.svg

The Stecklikkrieg was a federalist uprising against the Helvetic Republic in the late summer and autumn of 1802. It got its name from the "sticks" (clubs) which the rebels of rural origin often carried with them for lack of other weapons.

In accordance with the provisions of the Treaty of Lunéville , the French troops withdrew from Switzerland in the summer of 1802, where they had been since the invasion of 1798 and had enforced the establishment of a French subsidiary republic . The withdrawal of the protecting power destabilized the Helvetic Republic, pre-Helvetic institutions were reinstated in numerous places and areas and members of the authorities and supporters of the Helvetic Republic were expelled. The uprising, which spread mainly in central Switzerland , in Zurich, Bern, Solothurn and in Aargau, ended after several military confrontations with the poorly equipped and poorly motivated government troops (battle at the Renggpass on August 28, 1802, shelling of Bern and Zurich Mid-September 1802, battle near Faoug on October 3, 1802) overthrow the central Helvetic power, which had withdrawn from Bern to Lausanne after a military surrender on September 18, 1802 and which was only followed by the cantons of Vaud and Friborg. Power in the country was taken over by cantonal governments and a parliamentary assembly in Schwyz led by Alois von Reding .

During the siege of Bern by the insurgents, a cannonball hit the corner of a house on Läuferplatz, which was replaced by a new building in the 1950s. The section of the wall of the old building with the bullet hole bearing the inscription "Stäcklichrieg 1802" was put back in place

The results of the uprising reversed the French troops, which re-entered in October 1802 and met with no resistance. Napoléon Bonaparte considered the uprising dangerous for the current political order in Europe. In the act of mediation of 1803 that he dictated, he made concessions to the opponents of the Helvetic Republic and gave up the unified state in favor of a federally structured Switzerland. Since the French intervention was a violation of the provisions of the Treaty of Lunéville , Great Britain took this as an opportunity, among other things, to declare war on France (May 18, 1803).

Literary implementation

William Wordsworth's poem Thought of a Briton on the Subjugation of Switzerland and Friedrich von Schiller's work on Wilhelm Tell go back directly to the Stecklikkrieg.

Web links