The Diet was in Switzerland to 1848, the Assembly of the delegates of places ( cantons ) of the Old Confederacy . It had both executive and legislative powers, but its power was very limited, as it mostly rested with the cantons. The term “Tagsatzung” is derived from the phrase “set a day” and means the agreement of a (legal) day or the date for this meeting.
The daily statute was the most important communication platform for the Swiss Confederation, both internally and externally. In an international typological comparison, the Federal Diet, as an assembly of political and social equality, can be compared in many ways with the numerous assemblies of estates in other countries. In contrast to them, however, she did not face a prince and did not negotiate taxes. In the eyes of the English diplomat Abraham Stanyan , who was in Switzerland during the peace negotiations in Baden in 1714 , the statute constituted “the Majesty of the Helvetick Body”, thus embodying the political association as well as the sovereign prince elsewhere.
From the late Middle Ages to 1798
The first meetings took place in Brunnen (1315), Beckenried (since 1291?), Later, depending on requirements, in Zurich , Bern , Lucerne , Baden , Aarau , Altdorf (since 1357), Schwyz , Bellinzona , Stans (from 1320), Zug , St. Gallen , Wil , Freiburg , Lugano and Locarno , Grandson (only for Bern and Freiburg) and Neuchâtel (1512–1529). In Constance there were a lot of negotiations with the southern German cities and Austria (since 1315). Meetings were held in Solothurn , to which the French envoy invited. In addition to the common federal assemblies , separate assemblies or conferences of the Catholic and Reformed places took place after the Reformation .
The ordinary statutes began from 1424 on the Wednesday after Pentecost , from 1462 on the second Sunday after Corpus Christi (Thursday after Trinity ) - i.e. between May 31 and July 4 -, from 1587 on the Sunday after Johannes Baptista (June 24), from 1712 annually on the Monday after Peter and Paul (June 29) and lasted up to three weeks.
The assembly took place in different places, but Baden in the common lordship of the county of Baden was particularly popular because of the thermal baths and the diversions associated with them. The most important transactions that affected the entire Swiss Confederation before 1712 were negotiated exclusively in Baden's town hall . B. from 1424 the decrease of the annual accounts of all common rulers, but also decisions about war and peace. For example, decided on 11 March 1499 when the Swiss Confederates in a Diet that in the battles of the recently begun Swabian War against the Swabian League and the House of Habsburg should be made no prisoners and "dismissed" wounded enemy fighter. A decision that is still effective today was made by the Diet when in 1505 Pope Julius II sent 150 mercenaries at his request to protect the Vatican . This ultimately resulted in the Swiss Guard .
After the Second Villmerger and Toggenburg War in 1712, the daily statute came together alternately in Baden and Frauenfeld (1742–1797 constantly in Frauenfeld), where it was used for the annual accounts of the German lordships of Thurgau , Rhine Valley , Sargans , Gaster , Uznach and Baden as well the free offices met.
As a result of the mediation act , the agenda was restored as an assembly of the members of the cantons of the Swiss Confederation in 1803 and remained in place after the restoration in 1815. However, their competencies were still curtailed. The canton in charge of implementing the agenda also held the chairmanship and was referred to as a suburb .
The Council of States, with two elected representatives for each canton , has served as the successor to the cantonal representation since 1848 . In their voting behavior, the Council of States are not bound by the guidelines of the cantons they represent.
President of the Federal Diet 1814–1848
The head of government of the suburb cantons acted as president of the Diet. The term of office was normally from January 1st to December 31st.
- Hans von Reinhard , April 6–24. June 1814
- Hans Conrad Escher (from Luchs) , June 25th – 12th December 1814
- David von Wyss , December 21–31. December 1815
- Hans von Reinhard , 1816
- Niklaus Rudolf von Wattenwyl , 1817
- Niklaus Friedrich von Mülinen , 1818
- Josef Franz Karl Amrhyn , 1819
- Vinzenz Rüttimann , 1820
- David von Wyss , 1821
- Hans von Reinhard , 1822
- Niklaus Rudolf von Wattenwyl , 1823
- Niklaus Friedrich von Mülinen , 1824
- Josef Franz Karl Amrhyn , 1825
- Vinzenz Rüttimann , 1826
- David von Wyss , 1827
- Hans von Reinhard , 1828
- Niklaus Rudolf von Wattenwyl , 1829
- Emanuel Friedrich von Fischer , 1830
- Josef Franz Karl Amrhyn , 1831
- Eduard Pfyffer von Altishofen , 1832
- Johann Jakob Hess , 1833
- Conrad Melchior Hirzel , 1834
- Franz Karl von Tavel , 1835
- Karl Friedrich Tscharner , 1836
- Josef Franz Karl Amrhyn , 1837
- Georg Jakob Kopp , 1838
- Johann Jakob Hess , 1839
- Johann Konrad von Muralt , 1840
- Johann Karl Friedrich Neuhaus , 1841
- Karl Friedrich Tscharner , 1842
- Rudolf Rüttimann , 1843
- Konstantin Siegwart-Müller , 1844
- Johann Heinrich Emanuel Mousson , January 1 - April 2, 1845
- Jonas Furrer , April 2 - December 31, 1845
- Johann Ulrich Zehnder , 1846
- Alexander Ludwig Funk , January 1 - May 28, 1847
- Ulrich Ochsenbein , May 28 - November 5, 1847
- Johann Rudolf Schneider , November 5 - December 2, 1847
- Johann Ochsenbein , December 2 - May 31, 1848
- Alexander Ludwig Funk, May 31 - November 20, 1848
- Andreas Würgler: Tagsatzung. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Andreas Würgler: The Swiss Diet. Politics, communication and symbolism of a representative institution in the European context 1470–1798. Publishers Bibliotheca Academica, Epfendorf 2014.
- Digitized version of the official collection of the older Federal Farewells 1245–1798
- Digital version of the farewell to the Ordinary Federal Constitution 1813 - 1848
- Entry «Tagsatzung» in the Historical Lexicon of Switzerland, see literature.
- Schweizerisches Idiotikon , Vol. VII, Col. 1564, Article Tag Sentence and Col. 1598–1601, Article Tag Statute .
- Andreas Würgler: The Diet of the Confederates. Politics, communication and symbolism of a representative institution in the European context 1470–1798. Publishers Bibliotheca Academica, Epfendorf 2014.
- Historisch-Biographisches Lexikon der Schweiz , Neuchâtel 1931, Vol. 6, Article Tagsatzung, pp. 629–631.