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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Ferdinand III.
Ferdinand III. becomes Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire .
Pamphlet about the tulip mania
The great tulip mania
leads to the first major
stock market crash in history.
Fort São Jorge da Mina (view from 1668)
The Dutch conquer the Portuguese Fort São Jorge da Mina on the Gold Coast in West Africa .
1637 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1085/86 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1629/30 (10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1042/43 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2180/81 (southern Buddhism); 2179/80 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 72nd (73rd) cycle

Year of the Fire Ox丁丑 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Rat 丙子)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 999/1000 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3970/71 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1015/16 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1046/47 (May 25/26)
Jewish calendar 5397/98 (September 18-19)
Coptic calendar 1353/54 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 812/813
Seleucid era Babylon: 1947/48 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1948/49 (turn of the year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1693/94 (April)


Politics and world events


The Pequot War in New England

Attack of the colonists on the Pequot Fort on the Mystic River
  • May 26th : Captain John Mason surrounded a fortified Pequot village on the Mystic River with 90 English colonists and several hundred Indian allies and set it on fire. Around 700 people are killed in the Mystic Massacre .
  • Mid-June: After a defeat by the English colonists, the Pequot- Sachem Sassacus flees to the allied tribe of the Mohawk . However, they fear the retaliation of the English, kill Sassacus and send his head to Hartford .
  • July 28th : With the killing of the last large group of fleeing Pequot , the first armed confrontation between the Native Americans of New England and the British colonists ends . The tribe of the Pequot is almost completely wiped out.

Other events in North America


Elmina 1637



science and technology

Discours de la méthode , first edition





Historical maps and views


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1637


First half of the year

Emperor Ferdinand II.

Second half of the year

Web links

Commons : 1637  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files