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Heads of State · Obituary

Ferdinand III
Ferdinand III becomes Holy Roman Emperor .
Pamphlet on Tulip Mania
The Great Tulip Mania
leads to the first major
stock market crash in history.
Fort São Jorge da Mina (1668 view)
The Dutch capture the Portuguese Fort of São Jorge da Mina on the Gold Coast of West Africa .
1637 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1085/86 (July turn of the year)
Ethiopian calendar 1629/30 (10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 1042/43 (beginning of the year April 14 or 15)
Buddhist calendar 2180/81 (Southern Buddhism); 2179/80 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 72nd (73rd) cycle

Year of the Fire Ox丁丑 ( at the beginning of the year Fire Rat 丙子)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 999/1000 (New Year's April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3970/71 (2/3 October)
Iranian calendar 1015/16 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1046/47 (25/26 May)
Jewish calendar 5397/98 (September 18/19)
Coptic calendar 1353/54 (September 10/11)
Malayalam calendar 812/813
Seleucid era Babylon: 1947/48 (April turn of the year)

Syria: 1948/49 (October turn of the year)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese calendar) 1693/94 (April)


politics and world affairs

The War in Europe

Other events in Europe

  • March 10: The Griffin Duke Bogislaw XIV dies, leaving no descendants of his own. With regard to other lines and descendants of the Griffin family , no inheritance regulation was accepted by the alliance partners and estates. This ended the rule of the griffins in Pomerania and also the state independence of Pomerania.
  • Under Grand Master Jean de Lascaris-Castellar , the construction of the so-called Lascaris Towers to fortify the island of Malta begins . One of the first towers to be completed is the Għajn Tuffieħa Tower .

The Pequot War in New England

Colonists attack the Pequot Fort on the Mystic River
  • May 26: Captain John Mason, with 90 English colonists and several hundred Indian allies, surrounds and burns a fortified Pequot village on the Mystic River . Around 700 people die in the Mystic massacre .
  • Mid-June: After being defeated by the English colonists, the Pequot- sachem Sassacus flees to the allied Mohawk tribe . Fearing retaliation from the English, however, these kill Sassacus and send his head to Hartford .
  • July 28: The killing of the last large group of fleeing Pequot ends the first armed conflict between the New England Indians and the British colonists. The Pequot tribe was almost completely wiped out.

Other events in North America


Elmina 1637



science and technology

Discours de la méthode , first edition

culture and society




Historical maps and views


date of birth saved

  • 0March 5: Jan van der Heyden , Dutch painter and inventor (died 1712)
  • March 12: Anne Hyde , first wife of James Stuart, Duke of York, later King of England and Scotland († 1671)
  • March 15: Johann Andreas Hochstetter , Lutheran theologian, professor at the Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen († 1720)
  • November 26: Antonio Carneo , Venetian Baroque painter († 1692)
  • 0December 6: Edmund Andros , English colonial governor († 1714)
  • December 16: William Neile , English mathematician (died 1670)
  • December 24: Wolfgang Gundling , German Protestant preacher, deacon and chapter dean and church writer (died 1689)

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1637


First half of the year

Emperor Ferdinand II

Second half of the year

web links

Commons : 1637  - Collection of images, videos and audio files