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Breda municipality
Flag of the municipality of Breda
Coat of arms of the municipality of Breda
coat of arms
province North Brabant North Brabant
mayor Paul Depla ( PvdA )
Seat of the municipality Breda
 - land
 - water
128.68  km 2
125.74 km 2
2.94 km 2
CBS code 0758
Residents 184.003 (Jan 31, 2019)
Population density 1430 inhabitants / km 2
Coordinates 51 ° 35 ′  N , 4 ° 46 ′  E Coordinates: 51 ° 35 ′  N , 4 ° 46 ′  E
Important traffic route A16 E19 A27 E311 A58 E312 N263 N282 N285
prefix 076
Postcodes 4801-4803, 4811-4819, 4822-4827, 4834-4839, 4841, 4847, 4851, 4854
Website Breda homepage
Template: Infobox location in the Netherlands / maintenance / map

Breda (stress on the second syllable, listen ? / I ) is a municipality in the Dutch province of Noord-Brabant with 184,003 inhabitants (as of January 31, 2019). It consists of the city of Breda and the villages of Bavel , Prinsenbeek , Teteringen , Ulvenhout and Hazeldonk . Audio file / audio sample

Location and economy

The city of Breda is located on the important trade route Rotterdam - Antwerp . Cars and railways run from Breda to Tilburg , Roosendaal and Utrecht . In the municipality, the rivers Mark and Aa of Weerijs come together, from which the name of the city is derived: Brede Aa , meaning “width Aa”, because the river widens.

Breda is on the German-Dutch holiday route Oranier Route .

The nearest airports are Amsterdam-Schiphol (international hub, 108 km), Rotterdam-The Hague (international and low-cost airlines , 63 km), Antwerp (international, 58 km), Eindhoven (national and low-cost airlines, 58 km) and Breda International Airport ( General aviation , 20 km). Just outside the city lies airbase of Gilze en Rijen .

The city has a diverse industry, including a. Food and machine parts. The Royal Cosun group is based here. The export beer “Breda” from the local “ Oranjeboom ” brewery (part of the InBev group, which also sells many well-known Belgian beer brands and has a large office in Breda) is very popular . There is a district court in Breda and many offices of service companies and authorities. The city has been the seat of a bishop of the Roman Catholic Church since 1853 .


Grote Kerk in Breda
Coat of arms at the entrance to the fort

Breda has an old town with many historical buildings. The large market square (Grote Markt) is the center of the city. In addition to numerous cafés and restaurants, there are also the old town hall (Oude Stadhuis) and the Great or Our Lady Church (Grote of Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk) . In the southeast of the historic city center is the Catholic St. Anthony Cathedral .

Also worth seeing is the beguinage in the middle of a city park, a small quarter within the old town, formerly inhabited by the community of beguines . The city ​​palace (Kasteel van Breda) , which dates from the 17th century, houses the Royal Dutch Military Academy ( Koninklijke Militaire Academie ) and is not open to the public. The Spanjaardsgat water gate is a remnant of the former city ​​fortifications . In the Mastbos forest in the south of the city is the Bouvigne Castle with its public gardens .


Breda compromise

On February 16, 1566, 16 Dutch noblemen signed the so-called "Breda Compromise" in Breda, in which they asked for the abolition of the religious edicts that were tightened by Philip II and for the lifting of the Inquisition. This file was gradually signed by 400 Dutch noblemen, and the Geusen bund emerged from it . The Breda Compromise was the beginning of the Dutch uprising against Spain.

Declaration of Breda

Charles II of England issued the so-called “ Declaration of Breda ” from Breda in April 1660 before his accession to the throne , in which he promised the English, among other things, amnesty and freedom of conscience.

Peace agreements

Breda was the place of contract for several peace treaties:

  • In 1575 Spain made peace with the Dutch provinces; this did not prevent the Spaniards from besieging the city of Breda six years later (see below).
  • On July 31, 1667, after several years of sea war, an important peace treaty between Holland and England took place here. Both parties gave each other their conquests back and England approved a moderation of the navigational act (→ Peace of Breda ).
  • In 1746 and 1747, peace was concluded between France, England and the Netherlands in Breda.


Breda was besieged several times:

French rule

In 1794, Jean-Charles Pichegru conquered the whole of the Netherlands. The Batavian Republic was proclaimed in Breda on January 26, 1795 ; the latter made peace with France on May 16, 1795. Until then, the citizens of Breda were subjects of the Baron of Breda; he was also the Count of Nassau .

When in December 1813 the French garrison made a sortie as the Russian vanguard under Alexander von Benckendorff approached , the citizens rose and refused to allow the French to return to the city, which they tried in vain to recapture from Antwerp on December 20 and 21 . The French era finally ended after Napoleon's defeat in the Battle of Waterloo .

Second World War

Although French troops under General Henri Giraud marched in on May 10, 1940 ( first day of the Western campaign ) to help defend Breda, the city soon fell into German hands. The 1st Polish Armored Division retook Breda on October 29, 1944. For this, all soldiers of this unit were made honorary citizens of the city.

After the Second World War, the panoptic prison of Breda was the only prison location for German war criminals in the Netherlands, the " Four of Breda ": Willy Lages (released in 1966 due to illness), Joseph Johann Kotälla (died in prison in 1979), and Ferdinand Hugo from of Fünten and Franz Fischer , who were both released in 1989 after 40 years in prison.


In the local elections in 2018, the conservative-liberal VVD was able to prevail with a lead of over 6,800 votes and thus defend its election victory from 2014. In the 2018–2022 legislative period, it forms a coalition with the left-liberal D66 and the social democratic PvdA .

Municipal council

Local election on March 21, 2018
Turnout: 50.03%
B97 h
Otherwise. i
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
± 0.0
B97 h
Otherwise. i
Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
h Breda '97
i Volkspartij Breda 2.2% (+ 2.2%), Volmondig JA 2.0% (+ 2.0%), Breda's Ondernemers en Ouderen Belang 1.7% (-1.0%), Bredase Stadspartij 1, 3% (+1.3%), Trots op Nederland / Ouderen Politiek Actief 0.7% (–2.4%), GemeenteBelangen Breda 0.0% (–2.1%)

The municipal council has been formed as follows since 1982:

Political party Seats a
1982 1986 1990 1994 1996 b 1999 2002 2006 2010 2014 2018
VVD 11 8th 7th 6th 7th 10 8th 7th 9 8th 11
CDA 14th 13 13 8th 12 11 11 8th 6th 6th 6th
D66 2 2 6th 7th 3 3 2 2 5 8th 6th
GroenLinks - - 3 6th 3 4th 3 3 4th 3 5
PvdA 9 14th 10 5 5 6th 6th 11 8th 4th 4th
SP - 0 - 0 1 1 2 4th 3 6th 4th
50PLUS - - - - - - - - - - 2
Breda '97 - - - - 5 3 3 3 2 2 1
Breda's Ondernemers en Ouderen Belang - - - - - - - - - 1 0
Trots op Nederland - - - - - - - - 1 1 0
Ouderen Politiek Actief - - - - - - - - -
Leefbaar Breda - - - - - - 4th 1 1 - -
De Parel van het Zuiden - - - 4th 3 1 - -
Center Democrats - - - 3 0 - - - - - -
Left seed planting - 1 - - - - - - - - -
PSP 2 1 - - - - - - - - -
PPR 1 - - - - - - - - - -
total 39 39 39 39 39 39 39 39 39 39 39
a Parties that took part in the election but were unable to obtain a seat on the council will not be considered.
b Due to the incorporation of Bavel and Ulvenhout (municipality of Nieuw-Ginneken), Prinsenbeek and Teteringen to Breda on January 1, 1997, the municipal council elections took place in 1996.

College of Mayors and Aldermen

The College van burgemeester en wethouders is composed of three councilors from the VVD , two from the D66 and one from the PvdA . The following people belong to the college and are responsible in the following areas:

function Surname Political party Department annotation
mayor Paul Depla PvdA public order and integral security, surveillance and enforcement, cross-border cooperation, external security; History of Breda, Ambassador of Breda, external relations, representation; Civil affairs; Politics; integrity in office since March 16, 2015
Alderman Boaz Adank VVD Economy; Internationalization; Region; public affairs; Job; Reachability; Management, flexible organization, communication, service, personnel and organization first deputy mayor
Paul de Beer D66 urban development; Property; Climate; Animal welfare; NAC Breda second deputy mayor
Miriam Haagh PvdA Health; Old people; voluntary work; District politics; to teach third deputy mayor
Greetje Bos VVD Life quality; District security; Finance; energy fourth deputy mayor
Marianne de Bie D66 Youth; Education; Culture fifth deputy mayor
Daan Quaars VVD Building and living; Events; Sport, digitization; Waste policy sixth deputy mayor
Community Secretary Cees Vermeer - - in office since September 2015


Since 1971, the Breda Jazz Festival , dedicated to traditional jazz, has been held in the entire old town for four days in May .

Breda is home to the Chassé Theater in the city center, built between 1991 and 1993 by architect Herman Hertzberger , in which theater performances and concerts take place; A cinema and restaurants are also located in the building.

DJ City Breda

Breda is known for a large number of DJs and producers who started their careers in the small town and later became very successful. In 2002 , Tiësto was the first successful DJ from Breda to be named the world's best DJ by DJ Mag and was able to hold this place for several years. Hardwell took this as a role model and also reached number one in DJ Mag. Together, Tiësto and Hardwell produced a song entitled Zero 76 , which is a reference to the Breda area code. In addition to the two musicians, Mark Sixma and the DJ duo W&W , whose Ward van der Harst comes from Breda, had an ambitious career in the field of trance .

Hardwell founded the record label " Revealed Recordings " in 2010 , which aims to provide a platform for young talents in the field of electro and progressive house. This enabled the DJs and producers Dannic , Funkerman , Suyano and Kill the Buzz , all of whom come from Breda, to gain a foothold in the well-known EDM scene and are now playing in front of an audience of millions.

Hardwell said in an interview with Brandnite TV that he assumed the phenomenon starting from Tiësto an increasing inspiration. So Hardwell became aware of him through local newspapers and media and realized that you can achieve success through passion even in an insignificant city and that your own ascent is further motivation for young DJs. In addition, a DJ school opened in Breda in 2014 that promotes young talent, and more and more DJs can be found in cafes, restaurants and shops who are responsible for the music.

The creation of a “ Walk of Fame ” for the well-known DJs from Breda is currently being started .


Breda is the seat of the Akademie voor Kunst en Vormgeving St. Joost .


The professional football club NAC Breda plays its home games in the Rat Verlegh Stadium . The club were Dutch champions in 1921 and cup winners in 1973 . Since 2000 NAC played continuously in the Eredivisie , but from 2015 in the Eerste Divisie .


The routes from Rotterdam , Eindhoven and Roosendaal are linked at Breda station .


From 2007 to 2018, on the initiative of the artists Bart Rouwenhorst and Jos Vogelpoel, the day of the redheads took place on the first weekend of September in Breda . According to the organizer, there were 4,000 registrations in 2009, compared to 14,000 in 2012 from over 70 countries around the world.

Twin cities

Breda maintains city ​​partnerships with the Polish city of Breslau and with Dillenburg in the Hessian Lahn-Dill district .

sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Commons : Breda  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand . In: StatLine . Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek (Dutch)
  2. ^ Illustration by Frans Hogenberg from 1590: Breda. Troien is captured by cunning hultzen horses, Breda is of little value by a peat ship ( digitized )
  3. a b Results of the local elections: 1982–2002 2006 2010 2014 2018 , accessed on December 26, 2018 (Dutch)
  4. ^ College van burgemeester en wethouders . In: . Gemeente Breda, accessed December 26, 2018 (Dutch)
  5. DJ-City-Breda
  6. Brandnite TV: Hardwell Interview at Ushuaia Ibiza ▶ brandnite TV on "YouTube"
  7. Official website of the DJ School International
  8. Aigail Lowe: Made In Breda on "Essential Ibiza"
  9. City of Breda Plans to Create Walk of Fame for DJs on "We Rave You"