Margraviate of Antwerp
The margraviate of Antwerp was the area around the cities of Antwerp and Breda . It is generally assumed that the mark is a result of the Ottonian border policy : together with Valenciennes and Ename , Antwerp formed the military buffer zone on the western border of the empire - France lay across the Scheldt . Initially, the marrow stretched along the river and was possibly identical to the Pagus Renensis . After Ansfried , the last Count of Toxandria , became Bishop of Utrecht in 994 , Toxandria was added to the margraviate.
The margraviate of Antwerp initially belonged to the official tenure of the Duke of Lower Lorraine . In 1076 Gottfried von Bouillon received it as part of the inheritance of his uncle, Duke Gottfried IV. The Hunchback , from the hands of King Henry IV. After the death of Gottfried von Bouillon (1100), Henry I , Duke of Limburg and Lower Lorraine, became the Margrave appointed, Antwerp thus added to the fiefdom. He was succeeded in 1106 by Gottfried I von Löwen as the new Duke.
With a brief interruption (1128–1139), the Counts of Leuven and later Dukes of Brabant were now (titular) Dukes of Lower Lorraine and thus also Margraves of Antwerp, so that the margraviate now shared the fate of Brabant.
In 1549, the margraviate of Antwerp was designated as one of the seventeen provinces by Emperor Charles V , but this did not prevail: a little later Antwerp was again part of the Duchy of Brabant. After the Eighty Years War , Breda became part of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands , while Antwerp became part of the Spanish Netherlands .