Ivan Ivanovich Shuvalov

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Ivan Shuvalov in 1760, portrait by Fyodor Rokotov .

Ivan Shuvalov ( Russian Иван Иванович Шувалов , scientific. Transliteration Ivan Ivanovich Shuvalov * 1 . Jul / 12. November  1727 greg. In Moscow ; † 15 . Jul / 26. November  1797 . Greg in Saint Petersburg ) was a Russian Count, favorite of Empress Elizabeth of Russia , promoter of the Enlightenment and founder of Moscow University and the St. Petersburg Academy of Art .

The Schuwalow family was raised to the rank of count by Empress Elisabeth in 1746. A short time later, in 1751, Ivan Ivanovich Shuvalov was brought to court by his relatives, where he soon became the Empress's lover - this opened the way for his family to high government offices. Ivan Shuwalov's passion was art and science. He promoted Mikhail Lomonossow , corresponded with Helvetius , Diderot , Voltaire and other enlighteners. In 1755, at the suggestion of Lomonosov, Shuvalov founded grammar schools in Moscow and Kazan and the first Russian university in Moscow. In 1757 the Academy of Arts was founded in Saint Petersburg , of which he was president until 1763. Shuvalov had an important collection of works of art, including a vase of so-called Shuvalov Painter , of his after him provisional names received.

Shuwalov's career ended with the death of Empress Elisabeth.

The by on August 22, 1977 NS Chernykh at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory in Nautschnyj discovered asteroid of the main belt (8609) Shuvalov was named after him.

Web links

Commons : Ivan Ivanovich Shuvalov  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Asteroid Shuvalov in the Small-Body Database of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory of NASA at the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, USA ; Retrieved December 9, 2015.