Carl Michael Ziehrer
Carl Michael Ziehrer learned the hatmaker's trade from his father . He also played the piano and wrote his own small compositions at the age of 19. The publisher of Johann Strauss (son) , Carl Haslinger , who at this time began to fall out with his waltz composer, suspected that he had talent and protected the young Carl Michael Ziehrer by providing him with tutors for conducting and composing activities . Ziehrer's most important teacher was the Viennese musician and composer Johann Emanuel Hasel , who also rehearsed the program of the first concert with Ziehrer's band and provided his pupil with numerous original compositions, which Ziehrer made on his debut on November 21, 1863 in the Dianabad Hall in Vienna- Leopoldstadt performed under his name. Ziehrer consistently withheld Hasel's help throughout his life. In 1903, with the help of a private detective, Ziehrer managed to obtain an incriminating score from the possession of Hasel's widow in order to prevent the embarrassing knowledge of Hasel's true part in Ziehrer's early work.
In 1865 Ziehrer was hired to work in the flower rooms of the Vienna Horticultural Society, where he acted as ball regent and premiered some new compositions. In November 1867 Ziehrer was appointed Kapellmeister of the Arbeiter-Bildungswerk.
After differences with his patrons and patrons in Vienna, Ziehrer moved to Berlin, took over the chapel of the Reichshallen and acted as a variety conductor. He worked with Marianne Edelmann (actually Maria Laura Münk) from Linz , whom he married on September 1, 1888.
In 1885 Ziehrer received the post of Kapellmeister of the famous Kuk Infantry Regiment Hoch- und Deutschmeister No. 4 , after Heinrich Strobl (1839-1885) , appointed in the same year, died unexpectedly. He also gained recognition in Vienna, where the Strauss era was drawing to a close. Carl Michael Ziehrer gave concerts all over Europe and also in Chicago in 1893 as part of the world exhibition .
Ziehrer's appointment as the fourth and last Imperial and Royal Court Ball Music Director (after Johann Strauss (father) , Johann Strauss (son) and Eduard Strauss ) in 1907 can be described as the highlight of his career . Carl Michael Ziehrer lost his fortune during the First World War and died impoverished in 1922. On November 17, 1922, his body was taken from the mourning house, Erdbergstrasse 1, Vienna-Erdberg , for blessing in the Rochus Church and then in a grave of honor at the Vienna Central Cemetery (group 32 C, number 1) buried for the last rest.
Ziehrer was a Freemason. In 1892 he was accepted into the “Treue” lodge in Pressburg (today: Bratislava).
Awards, honors, prizes (selection)
- In 1933, the Ziehrerplatz in Vienna- Landstrasse (3rd district) was named after him.
- The Willi Forst film “ Wiener Mädeln ” from 1944 is dedicated to his memory.
- In 1947 and 1972 , the Austrian Post issued special postage stamps in Ziehrer's honor on the occasion of the 25th and 50th anniversary of his death.
- 1967: Commemorative plaque from the C.-M.-Ziehrer Foundation on the former residential building at Conrad-von-Hötzendorf-Platz 8 (previously: Bahnhofplatz 8), Baden near Vienna.
- In 1972 the Austrian Mint issued a 25 Schilling coin , also related to the commemorative year.
- Male Heart , Mazurka op.54 (1866)
- A look after her , Polka op.55 (1866)
- D'Kernmad'ln , Original Styrian Dances op.58 (1860)
- King of Saxony Homage March , op.64 (1866)
- Badner Park-Polka , op.65 (1867)
- On the high seas , Waltz op.66 (1866)
- Bourgeois and Romantic , Polka Mazurka op.94 (1867)
- In's Herz , Polka op.95 (1867)
- Has it already! Polka op.100
- Without worries , Polka op.104 (1868)
- Auersperg March , op.111 (1868)
- Augensprach , Mazurka op.120 (1868)
- In Reih 'und Glied , Polka op.159 (1870)
- Quick-witted , Polka op.198
- A little flower in secret , Mazurka op.202 (1873)
- Homage festival , March op. 275 (1875), “His Highness Georg II. Reg. Dedicated to Duke of Saxony-Meiningen-Hildburghausen with deepest reverence. "
- In Love , Romance op.319
- Austria in Tones , Waltz op.373 (1887)
- Mardi Gras Children , Waltz op.382
- Smart , Polka op.384
- Let go! Polka fast, op.386 (1887)
- Metternich- Gavotte , op.378
- Weaner Mad'ln , Waltz op. 388 (1888); sh. the film adaptation of Viennese girls from 1949.
- Ballfieber , Polka op.406 (1889)
- Nature Singer Waltz , op.415 (1890)
- Laugh, kiss, dance! Mazurka op.416 (1890)
- Wiener Bürger , Waltz op.419 (1890)
- The dream of an Austrian reservist , large military clay painting (1890)
- Freiherr von Schönfeld-Marsch , op.422 (1890)
- Phonograph , Waltz op.423
- Litter Bouquet , Mazurka op.426 (1890)
- Recipes for love , waltz op.434 (1892)
- Katzen-Polka , Polka groteska op.441 (1892)
- This kiss to the whole world , waltz op.442 (1892)
- Gebirgskinder , Waltz op.444 (1892)
- Frauenlogik , Mazurka op.445 (1893)
- Cavalry , Polka op.454 (1893)
- Clubgeister , Waltz op.452 (1893)
- Dear Bismarck, don't rock , Polka op.465 (1893)
- Nachtschwärmer , Waltz op.466
- Where my cradle was , Waltz op.468 (1895)
- Drawing works , waltz op.478 (1897)
- The Little Widow , March op.487
- In cozy night , waltz op.488 (from the operetta Die Landstreicher )
- The Dancer , Polka op.490 (1899)
- The Magic of the Outfit , March op.493 (from the operetta Die Landstreicher )
- Tramp Quadrille , op.496
- Seculo Nuovo, Vita Nuovo , Waltz op.498 (1900)
- Let's go to XX. Century , March op.501 (1900)
- Buberl come! Waltz op. 505 (1901) (from the operetta "The Three Wishes")
- Velvet and silk , Waltz op.515
- Come in! Waltz op. 518 (from the operetta "Der Schätzmeister")
- Be good , Waltz op.522 (1905)
- Golden Youth , Gavotte op.523 (1905)
- Fan polonaise , op.525
- Great Girl , Waltz op.526 (1907)
- Love Waltz , op.537
- Secret of Love , Polka op.538 (1908)
- If you have money, you are fine! March op.539
- Sternschuppen , Polka op.540
- Duck down, Manderl! March op.548 (1911)
- Oh, these hussars , Waltz op.552
- I laugh'! Waltz op.554
- Kulturbilder , Waltz op.563 (1920)
- Le petit soldier , fantasy piece
- King Jerôme or Always Funny , first performance in Vienna, 1878 (some of the work no longer exists)
- Viennese children , first performance Vienna, 1881
- The tramps , first performed in Vienna, 1899
- The Three Wishes , first performed in Vienna, 1901
- The tourist guide , first performed in Vienna, 1902
- The Estimator , premiered in Vienna, December 10, 1904
- Fesche Geister , first performance in Vienna, 1905
- A great girl , first performed in Wiesbaden, 1907
- Love Waltz , first performed in Vienna, 1908
- Ball bei Hof , first performance in Stettin, 1911
- Maneuver children , world premiere in Vienna, 1912
- Prince Casimir , world premiere in Vienna, 1913
- The stupid heart , first performed in Vienna, 1914
- The amorous squadron , world premiere in Vienna, 1930
- Carl Millöcker died on December 31, 1899 in the residential building on the left, which shares access to the former Stöckl Ziehrers to this day .
- scores for pianoforte. On the title vignette view of the spa gardens: main avenue with music pavilion, outside staircase and Aesculapian temple (today: Mozart temple) as point de vue . - In: Otto Wolkerstorfer: Walzerseligkeit and everyday life. Bathing in the 2nd half of the 19th century. Grasl, Baden bei Wien 1999, ISBN 3-85098-243-2 , p. 346.
- Norbert Rubey : Ziehrer, Carl Michael. In: Oesterreichisches Musiklexikon . Online edition, Vienna 2002 ff., ISBN 3-7001-3077-5 ; Print edition: Volume 5, Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna 2006, ISBN 3-7001-3067-8 .
- Constantin von Wurzbach : Ziehrer, Karl Michael . In: Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich . 60th part. Kaiserlich-Königliche Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Vienna 1891, pp. 63–65 ( digitized version ).
- Max Schönherr : Carl Michael Ziehrer. His work, his life, his time. Documentation, analysis and comments . Österreichischer Bundesverlag, Vienna 1974, ISBN 3-215-61827-3 .
- Max Schönherr: Lanner, Strauss, Ziehrer. Synoptic Handbook of Dances and Marches . Doblinger, Vienna 1982, ISBN 3-900035-75-X .
- Gabriele Waleta: The last imperial court music director Carl Michael Ziehrer in the years 1908–1918 . Thesis. University of Vienna, Vienna 1995, OBV.
- Klaus Stübler, Christine Wolf: Harenberg composers lexicon . Mayers Lexikonverlag, Mannheim 2004, ISBN 3-411-76117-2 , p. 1047 .
- Literature by and about Carl Michael Ziehrer in the catalog of the German National Library
- Entry on Carl Michael Ziehrer in the Austria Forum (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
- Viennese girls (free Ziehrer film biography by Willi Forst )
- Detailed biography and list of works. planet-vienna.com, accessed on October 24, 2008 .
- List of stage works by Carl Michael Ziehrer based on the MGG at Operone
- Karl Michael Ziehrer †. The last court ball music director. In: Neue Freie Presse , Morgenblatt (No. 20901/1922), November 15, 1922, p. 8 middle. (Online at ANNO ). .
- Catalog raisonné on Klassika
- Karl Kraus: Ziehrer anniversary . In: Die Fackel , No. 121 (November 19, 1902), pp. 16-20.
- Karl Kraus: Answers of the editor . In: Die Fackel , No. 146 (November 11, 1903), p. 26 ff.
- https://www.musiklexikon.ac.at/ml/musik_Z/Ziehrer_Carl.xml , accessed on November 1, 2018.
- Little Chronicle. (...) Karl-Michael Ziehrer. In: Neue Freie Presse , Morgenblatt (No. 20902/1922), November 16, 1922, p. 4, bottom right. (Online at ANNO ). .
- Hedwig Abraham: Carl Michael Ziehrer . In: viennatouristguide.at , accessed on September 8, 2011.
- 25th anniversary of the death of Carl Michael Ziehrer . In: Austria-Forum , accessed on October 23, 2010.
- 50th anniversary of Carl Michael Ziehrer's death . In: Austria-Forum , accessed on October 23, 2010.
- 25 Schilling - 50th anniversary of Carl Michael Ziehrer's death (1972) . In: Austria-Forum , accessed on October 23, 2010.
|SURNAME||Ziehrer, Carl Michael|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Austrian composer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 2, 1843|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Vienna|
|DATE OF DEATH||November 14, 1922|
|Place of death||Vienna|