Calendar overview 1593
Venus and Adonis appears.
Henry of Navarre
converted to Catholicism .
|Ottomans suffer a setback in the Battle of Sissek .|
|1593 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||1041/42 (turn of the year July)|
|Ethiopian calendar||1585/86 (turn of the year 10/11 September)|
|Bengali solar calendar||998/999 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)|
|Buddhist calendar||2136/37 (southern Buddhism); 2135/36 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||71st (72nd) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||955/956 (turn of the year April)|
|Dangun era (Korea)||3926/27 (October 2/3)|
|Islamic calendar||1001/02 (New Year 26/27 September)|
|Jewish calendar||5353/54 (September 26-27)|
|Coptic calendar||1309/10 (September 10/11)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1903/04 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1904/05 (New Year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1649/50 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Long Turkish war
- Due to massive bilateral border violations in Hungary by Ottoman Akıncıs and Habsburg Uskoks , the guerrilla war, which has been smoldering for several months, is expanding into an open war. The incursions of the Uskoks are so great that Ottoman forces from the Bosnian province under Koca Sinan Pascha cross the border river Kupa in spring and invade Croatian territory. A number of Habsburg fortresses were conquered during this advance. The Habsburg emperor Rudolf II announces the peace treaty from 1547 and sends a military force.
- June 22nd : In the battle of Sissek , Croatian-Habsburg-Hungarian troops led by Ruprecht von Eggenberg defeat an Ottoman army that had invaded the river Kupa and which was outnumbered. The death of 20,000 of his people and their commander, Telli Hassan Pasha, prompted Sultan Murad III. for the formal declaration of war against Emperor Rudolf II, with which the so-called Long Turkish War breaks out, which will last until 1606 .
Other events in Europe
- February 25 : With the bull caeca obdurata et prompted Pope Clement VIII. , The final expulsion of the Jews from the Papal States except the ghettos of Rome and Ancona. They must leave the Papal States within three months, otherwise they face confiscation of their property and a galley sentence. This mainly affects the Jews who have resettled in the Papal States since the re-admission in 1586 , as well as Jews from areas that only later came under the control of the popes. This includes above all the city of Bologna , which is home to an old Jewish community. The Bolognese Jews then move to Ferrara and Modena , which are under the rule of the Este family .
- July 25 : “Paris vaut bien une messe.” The French King Henry IV converted to Catholicism before his coronation in Paris and was thus able to end the French wars of religion .
- August 28 : After Ludwig's death , his distant cousin Friedrich I becomes Duke of Württemberg . The county of Mömpelgard is now part of the duchy.
- The English Queen Elizabeth I receives the Irish pirate and ruler Grace O'Malley at Greenwich Palace .
- April 11th : The newly built Fort Jesus fortress in Mombasa is handed over to the Portuguese for their intended purpose. It should secure the sea route to India .
- January 25 : In the battle of Nong Sarai ( province of Suphan Buri , Don Chedi ) in the Siamese-Burmese War , King Naresuan of the Kingdom of Ayutthaya kills the Burmese heir to the throne during an elephant duel.
- In western Siberia , the city of Berjosowo is founded as a fortress by Cossacks . It is one of the oldest Russian settlements east of the Urals .
- The Neunkircher Eisenwerk is founded.
- Probably 1593: Johann Erhard Blarer von Wartensee , prince abbot of the Benedictine monastery in Kempten in the Allgäu , founds a court book printer ( Typographia ducalis (Monasterii) Campidonensis ), from which the Kösel publishing house developed over time.
science and technology
- The Dutch cartographer Cornelis de Jode publishes an expanded new edition of his father Gerard de Jode's atlas under the title Speculum Orbis Terræ .
- The verse tale Venus and Adonis appears as the first work under the name William Shakespeare . The work will be on April 18 in the Stationers 'Register entered the guild of printers, publishers and booksellers without authors' names and appear in the autumn of the same year under the name of William Shakespeare in a Quartoausgabe that by Richard Field, one of Stratford-upon-Avon originating Publisher, printed and published. The lyrical work is presumably created because all theaters have been closed due to the raging plague epidemic in London , which has brought the demand for dramas to a standstill.
- Cesare Ripa's iconographic dictionary Iconologia overo Descrittione Dell'imagini Universali cavate dall'Antichità et da altri luoghi appears.
- Antonio Tempesta publishes his map of Rome, printed from twelve plates .
- The artists' association Accademia di San Luca is founded in Rome by Pope Gregory XIII. initiated and founded by the painter Federico Zuccari together with Cardinal Federico Borromeo .
Historical maps and views
First half of the year
- January 10 : Moritz von Savoyen , Cardinal of the Roman Church († 1657 )
- January 17 : William Backhouse , English alchemist († 1662 )
- March 25 : Jean de Brébeuf , French Jesuit, who preached the Gospel in the Wyandot area († 1649 )
- April 3 : George Herbert , English poet († 1633 )
- April 6 : Michael Walther the Elder , German Lutheran theologian († 1662 )
- April 13 : Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford , English statesman († 1641 )
- May 17 : Benedikt von Ahlefeldt , heir to Haseldorf, Osterrade, Kluvensiek and monastery provost of Uetersen († 1634 )
- May 19 : Jacob Jordaens , Flemish painter († 1678 )
- June 2 : Samuel Edel , German Lutheran theologian († 1652 )
- June 8 : Georg I. Rákóczi , Prince of Transylvania († 1648 )
- June 22nd : John Gell , English politician and general († 1671 )
- June 24th : Abraham von Franckenberg , Silesian mystic († 1652 )
Second half of the year
- July 8 : Artemisia Gentileschi , Italian painter († 1653 )
- July 11 : Konrad Carpzov , German legal scholar and statesman († 1658 )
- July 20 : Heinrich Ernst zu Stolberg , Count of Stolberg-Wernigerode († 1672 )
- July 30th : Wilhelm , Margrave of Baden († 1677 )
- August 9 : Izaak Walton , English writer († 1683 )
- September 22nd : Matthäus Merian , Swiss cartographer († 1650 )
- October 10 : Georg Pauli-Stravius , auxiliary bishop in Cologne († 1661 )
- October 13 : Sistine Amama , Dutch theologian and orientalist († 1639 )
- October 20 : Melchior Count von Hatzfeldt , imperial general († 1658 )
- November 30 : Johann Dilliger , German Protestant theologian and composer († 1647 )
- December 5 : Liborius Wagner , Catholic priest; was beatified in 1974 († 1631 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- January 13 : Szymon Budny , Polish-Belarusian humanist and Bible translator, leading exponent of Polish-Lithuanian unitarianism (* 1530 )
- February 6 : Jacques Amyot , French writer and theologian (* 1513 )
- February 6 : Ogimachi , 106th Emperor of Japan (* 1517 )
- February 10 : Hans Burkhard von Anweil , German nobleman (* around 1531 )
- March 8 : Paul Luther , German medic and personal physician to the Duke of Saxony, son of Martin Luther (* 1533 )
- March 23 : Henry Barrowe , English Puritan (* around 1550 )
- March 31st : Johannes von Schröter , German physician and first rector of the University of Jena (* 1513 )
- April 5 : John Greenwood , English poet (* 1556 )
- July 11 : Giuseppe Arcimboldo , Italian painter (* 1527 )
- August 28 : Ludwig , Duke of Württemberg (* 1554 )