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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Shakespeare's Venus and Adonis, first edition
William Shakespeare's
first work
Venus and Adonis appears.
Henry IV as king on horseback
The French King
Henry of Navarre
converted to Catholicism .
Battle of Sissek
The Ottomans suffer a setback in the Battle of Sissek .
1593 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1041/42 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1585/86 (turn of the year 10/11 September)
Bengali solar calendar 998/999 (beginning of April 14th or 15th)
Buddhist calendar 2136/37 (southern Buddhism); 2135/36 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 71st (72nd) cycle

Year of the Water Snake癸巳 ( at the beginning of the year Water Dragon 壬辰)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 955/956 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3926/27 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 971/972
Islamic calendar 1001/02 (New Year 26/27 September)
Jewish calendar 5353/54 (September 26-27)
Coptic calendar 1309/10 (September 10/11)
Malayalam calendar 768/769
Seleucid era Babylon: 1903/04 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1904/05 (New Year October)

Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1649/50 (turn of the year April)



Politics and world events

Long Turkish war

  • Due to massive bilateral border violations in Hungary by Ottoman Akıncıs and Habsburg Uskoks , the guerrilla war, which has been smoldering for several months, is expanding into an open war. The incursions of the Uskoks are so great that Ottoman forces from the Bosnian province under Koca Sinan Pascha cross the border river Kupa in spring and invade Croatian territory. A number of Habsburg fortresses were conquered during this advance. The Habsburg emperor Rudolf II announces the peace treaty from 1547 and sends a military force.
  • June 22nd : In the battle of Sissek , Croatian-Habsburg-Hungarian troops led by Ruprecht von Eggenberg defeat an Ottoman army that had invaded the river Kupa and which was outnumbered. The death of 20,000 of his people and their commander, Telli Hassan Pasha, prompted Sultan Murad III. for the formal declaration of war against Emperor Rudolf II, with which the so-called Long Turkish War breaks out, which will last until 1606 .

Other events in Europe

Title page of the print of the bull Caeca et obdurata
Grace O'Malley and Elizabeth I.



City foundations


Prince Abbot Johann Erhard Blarer von Wartensee

science and technology

Title page of the Speculum Orbis Terræ



  • The verse tale Venus and Adonis appears as the first work under the name William Shakespeare . The work will be on April 18 in the Stationers 'Register entered the guild of printers, publishers and booksellers without authors' names and appear in the autumn of the same year under the name of William Shakespeare in a Quartoausgabe that by Richard Field, one of Stratford-upon-Avon originating Publisher, printed and published. The lyrical work is presumably created because all theaters have been closed due to the raging plague epidemic in London , which has brought the demand for dramas to a standstill.
  • Cesare Ripa's iconographic dictionary Iconologia overo Descrittione Dell'imagini Universali cavate dall'Antichità et da altri luoghi appears.



Historical maps and views

Westminster 1593
Secunda Partis Asiae 1593
Map of the Muscovite Empire 1593 by Antony Jenkinson and Gerard de Jode


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of birth unknown


Web links

Commons : 1593  - Collection of Images, Videos, and Audio Files