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Pope coat of arms Leo X.
Vasco Núñez de Balboa
Vasco Núñez de Balboa reaches the Pacific .
King Christian II
Christian II becomes king of Denmark and Norway .
Battle of Novara
In the Battle of Novara , the Confederates defeat a French force under Louis de La Trémoille .
1513 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 961/962 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1505/06
Aztec calendar 7. Feuerstein - Chicome Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February: 6th pipes - Chicuace Acatl )
Buddhist calendar 2056/57 (southern Buddhism); 2055/56 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 70th (71st) cycle

Year of the water tap癸酉 ( at the beginning of the year water monkey 壬申)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 875/876 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 3846/47 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 891/892
Islamic calendar 918/919 (turn of the year March 8/9)
Jewish calendar 5273/74 (August 31 /
September 1)
Coptic calendar 1229/30
Malayalam calendar 688/689
Seleucid era Babylon: 1823/24 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1824/25 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1551
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1569/70 (turn of the year April)

Pope Julius II dies in 1513 , what inspires the humanist Erasmus von Rotterdam to write the satire Julius in front of the closed door of heaven . His successor chooses conclave Giovanni de 'Medici, the name of Leo X takes.

The war of the Holy League against France has now reached almost all of Europe. Although the Republic of Venice changes sides, France is increasingly on the defensive, especially against the Swiss travelers, and has to give up the Duchy of Milan , among other things . Even Henry VIII. Of England attacks in favor Emperor Maximilian I into the war. This in turn moves King James IV of Scotland to revive the Auld Alliance with France and invade England. In the Battle of Flodden Field, however, the Scots suffer a crushing defeat and James IV is killed. His successor on the throne will be his 17-month-old son Jacob V.

On the other side of the world, the Conquistador Vasco Núñez de Balboa is the first European to see the Pacific Ocean from the American continent after a loss-making expedition through the Isthmus of Panama , and the gold-obsessed Spaniards hear for the first time about the legendary Inca Empire in the south.


Politics and world events

Italian wars

Swiss travelers in the Milan wars

Scotland / England

  • After the Battle of Guinegate, which was disastrous for France, the Scottish King James IV rushes to the aid of his ally in accordance with the agreements of the Auld Alliance and invades northern England.
The widowed Margaret Tudor
The new coat of arms of Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk

Holy Roman Empire

The Thirteen Old Places of the Swiss Confederation, engraving from 1572
  • The place Ohl is first mentioned in a document.

Kalmar Union

The Kalmar Union in the early 16th century

After the death of John I on February 20, his son Christian II is elected king in Denmark and Norway . Sweden , where Sten Sture the Younger rules as imperial administrator, questions the Kalmar Union , as it did with Johann I.

Eastern Europe

Grand Duke Vasily III. On June 14, he goes with his brothers to Borovsk , which has been designated as the rallying point of the Muscovite troops for the second campaign against Smolensk . On September 11th he joined the troop deployment in front of this important fortress in the Lithuanian- Russian border area, but returned to Moscow on November 21st after four weeks of unsuccessful siege .

Ottoman Empire

  • Sultan Selim I has his brother Korkud , who helped him to power, but whom he, like his other brothers and nephews, sees as a threat to his throne, arrested after he tried to escape. As the last brother of the Sultan, Korkud was executed on March 13th . Then Selim has a three-day state mourning ordered.
  • Vir and Zavelim are the last places in Herzegovina to fall into Ottoman hands.
  • Skanderbeg Crnojević , the last descendant of the Crnojević dynasty , is used as the Ottoman Sanjak - Bey of Montenegro .

Portugal and its colonies

Spain: voyages of discovery and colonialism

Núñez de Balboas journey through Panama (Ida = way there)
  • September 1st : The Spanish conquistador Vasco Núñez de Balboa sets out in search of gold and the legendary “South Sea” with 190 men, including Francisco Pizarro , on his way through the Isthmus of Panama . Balboa also flees from the Spanish courts, which want to try him for mutiny.
  • September 25 : Vasco Núñez de Balboa is the first European with his expedition to see the Pacific Ocean from the American continent after a month-long march . Four days later he stands on the bank of the river and takes what he calls the South Seas ( mar del sur ) for the Spanish crown. At this point the expedition only had 69 men. On the way back, they heard from a local about the Inca Empire in the south for the first time .
  • The Requerimiento is written, a call for the indigenous people of America to surrender unconditionally and at the same time submit to the Spanish crown , written on behalf of Ferdinand II by Palacios Rubios .
  • between 1513 and 1515 : The Spanish conquerors kidnap the last Indians of the Arawak tribe from the islas inútiles ( useless islands ) as slaves to Hispaniola , whereupon the two islands of Bonaire and Curaçao remain depopulated.


  • The heavily indebted Duke Ulrich von Württemberg , under the influence of honesty , converts a planned wealth tax into a consumption tax, which primarily affects the poor population. In particular, the reduction of the weights required for trade arouses general outrage, as it means that fewer goods can be obtained on the market for the same price. In the following year this leads to the uprising of the poor Konrad .

science and technology

The Piri Reis map




Visual arts

Tomb of Emperor Friedrich III. in Vienna's St. Stephen's Cathedral
Knight, Death and the Devil
Sistine Madonna

Printing units

Diebold Schilling presents his chronicle to the Lucerne Council


  • February 19 : With the In Altissimo constitution , Pope Julius II formally establishes the Cappella Giulia choir in St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. Since he dies two days later, it will take until 1534 for the constitution to actually be implemented.



Pope election and council

Leo X with two cardinals

Pope Julius II dies on February 21 . Already on 9 / 11 March is the convened on March 4 conclave of thirty-seven Giovanni de 'Medici to Pope elected and takes the name Leo X. at. For even though Cardinal , no clergyman , he is after his election on March 15 for priests and on March 17 the bishop consecrated. Only then can the coronation follow on March 19th . During his pontificate , Rome becomes a center for art and culture.

The fifth Lateran Council , convened by Julius II in the previous year, declared in its eighth session on December 19 the dogma that man possesses an individual and immortal soul , which is the prerequisite for personal immortality.

Bishops' examinations

After Philipp von Rosenberg died on February 4th, Georg von der Pfalz became Bishop of Speyer on February 12th . He was ordained a priest two years later.

On May 9th, the new Pope Leo X of the Medici family declares his cousin Giulio de 'Medici, who was probably born out of wedlock, to be the son of a secret marriage to Giuliano di Piero de' Medici and appoints him Archbishop of Florence . On September 23rd he was promoted to cardinal , on September 29th to cardinal deacon of the titular diaconia S. Maria in Domnica .

After the death of Ernst II. Of Saxony on August 3 is Albrecht of Brandenburg at the age of 23 years as Albrecht IV. To the archbishop of Magdeburg and as Albert V for administrator of the Halberstadt diocese collected.


Hartmann II. Von Kirchberg is raised as the successor of Johann II. Von Henneberg-Schleusingen , who died on May 20, as prince abbot of the Fulda monastery . At the same time he was also elected abbot of the Imperial Abbey of Hersfeld . Since his attention is more focused on the events in the empire, he neglects the monasteries entrusted to him.

Historical maps and views

Map of the Mediterranean from Vesconte Maggiolo


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1513


First half of the year

The Julius tomb with Moses by Michelangelo

Second half of the year

Ernst von Saxony's tomb in Magdeburg Cathedral
Pinturicchio, self-portrait in Santa Maria Maggiore in Spello

Exact date of death unknown

Died around 1513

Web links

Commons : 1513  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files