Louis III de Bourbon, duc de Montpensier
He was one of the royal army chiefs during the Huguenot Wars and was particularly noticeable for his religious inflexibility. He died at the age of 69.
He was the son of Louis de Bourbon, Prince de la Roche-sur-Yon, and Louise de Bourbon-Montpensier . On his mother's side, he was the nephew of Charles III. de Bourbon-Montpensier , whose property was confiscated by Francis I after his betrayal .
In 1538 he married Jacqueline de Longwy , Countess of Bar-sur-Seine , daughter of Jean IV. De Lonwy, Baron von Pagny, and of Jeanne d'Angoulême , the illegitimate half-sister of Francis I. On the occasion of the marriage, the King of France gave up returned to her mother territories that belonged to the grandfather Gilbert de Bourbon-Montpensier , Count of Montpensier (a county established for the occasion), Counts of Forez, Beaujeu and Dombes. In 1543 he was awarded the Dauphiné of Auvergne .
He may have benefited from the influence of his wife, Jacqueline de Longwy, on Queen Catarina de 'Medici . In the summer of 1560, Louis was appointed governor of Touraine , Anjou and Maine . In August 1560 he was commissioned to clean up the "disorder" caused by the Protestant uprising.
Jacqeline de Longwy felt sympathy for Protestantism , which her husband disapproved of. In 1561 he became a widower; In the same year his mother died, from whom he inherited the Duchy of Montpensier . He now became the most violent opponent of the Huguenots . He went so far as to condemn his children himself. He was so cruel that even his own commanders hated him for it. In 1563 he captured Angoulême and Cognac .
In 1569 he took part in the Battle of Jarnac , was appointed governor of Brittany and married (1570) Catherine de Lorraine (1552–1596), sister of Henri de Guise and Charles de Mayenne . He was actively involved in the preparation of St. Bartholomew's Night, fighting the Protestants in Poitou in 1575 and thus committed new acts of violence.
From his first marriage there are the following descendants:
- Françoise (1539–1587), married in 1559 Henri-Robert de La Marck , duc de Bouillon et prince de Sedan († 1574)
- Anne (1540–1572), married François II. De Nevers († 1562) in 1561
- Jeanne (1541–1620), Abbess of Jouarre
- François (1542–1592), duc de Montpensier
- Charlotte (1547–1582), Abbess of Jouarre , married in 1571 William I of Orange-Nassau († 1584), governor of the Netherlands
- Louise (1548–1586), Abbess of Faremoutiers
He was "Duc of Montpensier", the 15th "Prince souverain de Dombes" and "Viscount of Brosses " ".
- Jean Duquesne: Dictionnaire des gouverneurs de province. Ed. Christian, Paris 2003, p. 19.
- From a letter dated June 8, 1562: Louis de Bourbon Duc de Montpensier pair de France gouverneur et lieutenant general pour le roy en ses pays d'Anjou Touraine et le Maine (s'Adresse) aux maire, échevins conseillers manans et habitans de la ville et cité d'Angers (pour leur annoncer qu'il établit le capitaine et governor Jehan Depuy Gaillard) à la surete et deffence de la dite ville (et ainsi) les empescher d'estre pour ladvenir reduictz a la servitude et tyrannie des heretiques et rebelles audit sieur roy […] », archives municipales d'Angers, cote BB 29.
- Lucien Romier: La conjuration d'Amboise. Paris 1923, p. 233.
|Louise de Bourbon-Montpensier||
Duc de Montpensier
|François de Bourbon-Vendôme|
|SURNAME||Louis III de Bourbon|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||French prince and commander in the Huguenot Wars|
|DATE OF BIRTH||June 10, 1513|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Moulins (Allier)|
|DATE OF DEATH||September 23, 1582|
|Place of death||Champigny-sur-Veude|